Socio-familial risk factors and personal protective variables of academic performance in Secondary Education students

  1. Daniel Rodríguez Rodríguez 1
  2. Remedios Guzmán Rosquete 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01r9z8p25

Journal:
Psicothema

ISSN: 0214-9915

Year of publication: 2019

Volume: 31

Issue: 2

Pages: 142-148

Type: Article

Abstract

Background: Socio-familial risk factors negatively affect the academic performance of students. The objective of this study consisted in analyzing which personal variables can reduce the negative relationship between socio-familial risk factors and academic performance. Method: A sample of 1268 Secondary students was selected, of which 443 had two or more risk factors. The examined variables were the following: Socio-familial, academic goals, causal attributions, academic self-concept, self-effi cacy and academic performance. Results: The incidence of accumulation of risk factors in the performance was confi rmed. We distinguished at-risk students with good and poor performance from the personal variables analyzed, and showed the protective effect of these variables on performance against risk accumulation. Conclusions: Based on the identifi cation of risk factors that may hinder performance, the fi ndings offer information to develop both educational intervention strategies that improve performance and personal variables that mediate positively in school outcomes.

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