El prejuicio hacia las mujeres¿infrahumanización o infravaloración?

  1. María de las Nieves Quiles del Castillo
  2. María Dolores Morera Bello
  3. Ana D. Correal
  4. María Soledad Navas
  5. Carmen Gómez Berrocal
  6. María Isabel Cuadrado Guirado
Revue:
International Journal of Social Psychology, Revista de Psicología Social

ISSN: 0213-4748

Année de publication: 2008

Volumen: 23

Número: 2

Pages: 221-228

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1174/021347408784135797 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR

Résumé

Traditionally sexism has been considered as a generic hostility towards women. However, sexism can appear together with benevolent attitudes and the acknowledgement of "positive" features of the female stereotype. The answer to this contradiction is in the nature of these features: We cannot infrahumanize women by denying them their capacity to have feelings, but it is possible to under-valuate them by assigning them "devaluated" feelings or features. Also, sexism is characterized by a lack of homogeneity in the perception of the "women" group. We can speak of specific women subtypes: Traditional (housewife), independent (professional) and sexy. In order to analyze the differences in the attribution of features to these models of women, as well as the differences in the women's valuation, we designed a questionnaire with three versions. Participants (males and females) had to asses the corresponding type of woman on a list of 24 features associated to three dimensions: competency-sociability, feeling-emotion, natural-cultural. Results show that both the type of features assigned and the valuation of them vary as a function of the type of woman and the sex of participant.