Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's DiseaseMore than a Frontostriatal Dysfunction

  1. Iván Galtier Hernández
  2. María Antonieta Nieto Barco
  3. Jesús Norelis Lorenzo
  4. José Barroso Ribal
The Spanish Journal of Psychology

ISSN: 1138-7416

Year of publication: 2014

Volume: 17

Pages: 1-8

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1017/SJP.2014.69 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: The Spanish Journal of Psychology


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 12 (13-11-2023)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 11 (28-10-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 12 (12-04-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2014
  • Journal Impact Factor: 0.586
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 0.57
  • Article influence score: 0.281
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 93/129 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2014
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.363
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: Linguistics and Language Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 198/831
  • Area: Psychology (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 122/246

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2014
  • Journal Impact: 0.320
  • Field: PSICOLOGÍA Quartile: C2 Rank in field: 34/109


  • Social Sciences: A
  • Human Sciences: A

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2014
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 1.3
  • Area: Language and Linguistics Percentile: 77
  • Area: Linguistics and Language Percentile: 76
  • Area: Psychology (all) Percentile: 42


(Data updated as of 12-04-2023)
  • Total citations: 12
  • Recent citations: 4
  • Relative Citation Ratio (RCR): 0.43
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 1.44


Cognitive deficit in Parkinson�s disease has been traditionally considered as being mainly related to executive dysfunction secondary to frontostriatal affectation. However, this traditional consideration has recently been challenged. Forty-three nondemented PD patients (mean age = 59.19; SD = 9.64) and twenty control group subjects (mean age = 60.85; SD = 12.26) were studied. They were assessed on a wide range of cognitive functions. Patients showed motor slowing (p = .012), along with alterations in visuoperceptive (p = .001), visuospatial (p = .007) and visuoconstructive functions (p = .017), as well as in visual span (direct: p = .008; inverse: p = .037). Regarding executive functions, differences were not observed in classical measures for verbal fluency (phonetic: p = .28; semantic: p = .27) or in response inhibition (Stroop test: p = .30), while execution was altered in other prefrontal tasks (Wisconsin Test: p = .003; action fluency: p = .039). Patients showed altered performance in verbal learning processes (p = .005) and delayed memory (free: p = .032; cued: p = .006), visuospatial learning (p = .016) and linguistic functions (naming: p < .001; comprehension: p = .007). Poor performance in visuospatial memory is predicted by deficits in working memory and visuospatial perception. Taken together, the observed alterations not only suggest prefrontal affectation, but also temporal and parietal systems impairment. Thus, cognitive dysfunction in nondemented PD patients cannot be exclusively explained by frontostriatal circuit affectation and the resulting executive dysfunction.

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