Las políticas de emprendimiento en Europaun estudio comparado por países

  1. María Olga González Morales
  2. Rocío Peña Vázquez
  3. Angélica Beatriz Contreras Cuevas
Journal:
International Review of Economic Policy: Revista Internacional de Política Económica

ISSN: 2695-7035

Year of publication: 2019

Volume: 1

Issue: 1

Pages: 72-85

Type: Article

DOI: 10.7203/IREP.1.1.16458 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

Abstract

According to the work of Schumpeter entrepreneurship is considered a fundamental engine of development, which drives innovation, employment and productivity. The entrepreneurial spirit is not only a consequence stemming from personal features but also from the conditions of the environment where the economic activity takes place. The public action lines, framed in the different economic policies, can encourage risk-taking, eliminate impediments and barriers, and create a favorable business environment. Entrepreneurship promotion policies in Europe follow a transversal treatment based on the policy network and/or integrated economic policy approach, by recommending different action lines that affect different areas: financing, government policies, government entrepreneurship programs, entrepreneurial education, R&D&I, infrastructure, internal market and cultural and social norms. From this perspective, the aim of this work is to know how experts perceive these action lines and how they influence the rate of business activity by conducting a differentiated analysis by countries of the European Union and distinguishing whether or not they belong to the Eurozone. Data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor is used.