Manejo emocional de la crisis sanitaria ante el coronavirusuna revisión narrativa

  1. Pedro Ruymán Brito Brito 1
  2. Domingo Ángel Fernández Gutiérrez 1
  3. Leticia Cuéllar Pompa 2
  1. 1 Gerencia de Atención Primaria de Tenerife, Servicio Canario de la Salud, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Tenerife, España
  2. 2 Instituto de Investigación en Cuidados del Ilustre Colegio de Enfermeros de Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Tenerife, España
Journal:
Enfermería clínica

ISSN: 1130-8621

Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 31

Issue: 1

Pages: 107-111

Type: Article

Export: RIS
DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2020.05.010 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

Abstract

Objective To make a synthesis of the available scientific evidence in the emotional management of the declared health crisis in the face of coronavirus. Methods A bibliographic search was made, without date limit, in Medline, CINAHL®, PsycINFO®, Scopus and Web of Science™ databases using the following keywords “emotional management”, “health crisis” and “health crisis response”. Initially, 73 studies were identified and, after selecting them according to eligibility criteria, 10 were included. Results The main recommendations based on the available evidence indicate emotional management measures such as offering support groups to professionals, ensuring their social non-discrimination, strengthening their confidence and control capacity through training actions, as well as reinforcing the recognition of nurses by the community. Discussion and conclusions The accumulated evidence comes from experience with previous outbreaks of SARS-CoV-1 and MERS-CoV. Stress was the most studied aspect, concerning issues such as social stigma, professionalism, intention to care, burnout, ethical conflicts, anxiety, depression or guilt. The emotional management of health crises in the face of the coronavirus requires an individual, collective, social and institutional strategy to reinforce security on all fronts and reduce fear through effective control measures using sufficient and adequate material and human resources.