Castilla y león, su tributo al desarrollo quirúrgico europeo. Su evolución hasta la ilustración

  1. R. Martínez Sanz 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España


Revista española de investigaciones quirúrgicas

ISSN: 1139-8264

Année de publication: 2021

Volumen: 24

Número: 3

Pages: 111-118

Type: Article


Through the Toledo School of Translators and the Monastery of Our Lady of Guadalupe, before the development of universities, human anatomical knowledge and surgery began, knowledge that reaches Europe. The development of surgery in the Crown of Castile and partly also in the Crown of Aragon in the 16th century and to a lesser extent in the 17th century is brilliant, compared to the rest of Europe, coinciding with the so-called “ Spanish golden age ”. But by not adopting in time in 1620 the new inductive thinking described by Bacon in his “Novum Organum”, which revolutionized the Sciences, subsequent surgical development has been less. Although we have had surgeons trained outside, institutional development, in terms of being the pioneers, has been rare. We lack an adequate strategic foresight to reverse this initial deficiency at the beginning of the Modern Age. Which has led to the adoption of scientific, anatomical, histological, pharmacological, medical and surgical evidence with more than a century of delay.