Consumo de derivados de Cocaína en pacientes incluidos en un programa de mantenimiento con Metadona

  1. J. F. Díaz-Flores Estévez 1
  2. M. A. Dorta 1
  3. M. González Hidalgo 1
  4. Teresa de la Rosa Vilar 1
  5. D. Suárez Santana 1
  6. Carlos Díaz Romero 2
  1. 1 Asociación de Cooperación Juvenil San Miguel. Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
  2. 2 Universidad de La Laguna.
Journal:
Revista de toxicología

ISSN: 0212-7113

Year of publication: 2001

Volume: 18

Issue: 1

Pages: 8-12

Type: Article

Export: RIS

Abstract

Consumption of cocaine and crack in patients included in methadone maintenance treatment of the Association of Youth Cooperation "San Miguel" was studied. Approximately, the half (45,7%) of the patients currently consumed derived cocaine. A progressive increase of the frequency and amount consumed was observed in these patients. Among the derived cocaine, crack was the favorite drug (90,4%) which is due to the higher availability of this drug. A 66,6% of the patients consumers of crack indicated consumption of other drugs such as cannabis, alcohol and benzodiacepines. The 69,5% of the inquiryed patients indicated that the initiation in the crack consumption was before the inclusion in the methadone maintenance treatment. The mean age of the initiation in the consumption of cocaine chloride and crack was of 18,3 and 25,6 years respectively. Only 23,7% of the inquiryed patients manifested estimulant effects as the main reason of these abuse of cocaine, while most (52,5%) indicated the pleasent effects of the drug. The 53,3% of the inquiryed patients considered the crack the dangerest drug while the heroin was considered the addictest drug. Most (93,8%) of the patients pointed cut that the crack affected their health, however, the 26,7% indicated that they do not need to leave its consumption. The manifested effects consequence of crack consumption were: loss of appetite (88,7%), loss of weight (84,5%), tachicardia (84,5%), expanded pupils (76,3%), mode changes (84,5%), loss of memory (59,7%), lack of concentration (78,3%), and irritability (71,1%).

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