La cirugía en la España de los siglos XVIII y XIXpapel de la universidad, la armada y las reales academias

  1. R. Martínez Sanz 1
  2. P.C. Prada Arrondo 1
  1. 1 Servicio de Cirugía Cardiovascular, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Canarias. La Laguna, Tenerife. España.
Revista española de investigaciones quirúrgicas

ISSN: 1139-8264

Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 24

Issue: 4

Pages: 159-163

Type: Article


The Protomedicato was the Court, whose members were sanctioned by the king, who was in charge of controlling teaching and medical professional practice. This fact clearly changed in New Spain from the 18th century on. In Spain in the mid-18th century, the university lost part of its controlling role when the Crown commissioned surgical training from a number of European-educated surgeons. This was done through the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of the Navy, the first of them being that of Cádiz. They had their own Protomedicato and selected candidates to be medical students. They even had their own Bachelor of Arts, essential to be able to be a medical student. His scheme passed to New Spain at the end of that century. On the other hand, at the end of the 17th century, what would be the embryo of the first Royal Academy of Medicine and Surgery in Seville was founded, in controversy with the university, where the advancement in the field of medicine and new histological, chemical, botanical and pharmacological concepts were taught, as well as surgical ones. all this turned the surgery upside down.