Brief assessment of schizotypal traits: A multinational study

  1. Fonseca-Pedrero, E. 410
  2. Ortuño-Sierra, J. 10
  3. Lucas-Molina, B. 9
  4. Debbane´, M. 726
  5. Chan, R.C.K. 1928
  6. Cicero, D.C. 21
  7. Zhang, L.C. 18
  8. Brenner, C. 18
  9. Barkus, E. 32
  10. Linscott, R.J. 24
  11. Kwapil, T. 23
  12. Barrantes-Vidal, N. 8
  13. Cohen, A.
  14. Raine, A.
  15. Compton, M.T.
  16. Tone, E.B.
  17. Suhr, J.
  18. Bobes, J. 412
  19. Fumero, A. 22
  20. Giakoumaki, S. 20
  21. Tsaousis, I. 20
  22. Preti, A. 27
  23. Chmielewski, M.
  24. Laloyaux, J. 62931
  25. Mechri, A. 30
  26. Lahmar, M.A. 30
  27. Wuthrich, V. 2
  28. Larøi, F. 62931
  29. Badcock, J.C. 1
  30. Jablensky, A. 1
  31. Barron, D. 3
  32. Swami, V. 313
  33. Tran, U.S. 5
  34. Voracek, M. 5
  35. Show all authors +
  1. 1 University of Western Australia

    University of Western Australia

    Perth, Australia

    GRID grid.1012.2

  2. 2 Macquarie University

    Macquarie University

    Sídney, Australia

    GRID grid.1004.5

  3. 3 Perdana University

    Perdana University

    Kota Kinabalu, Malasia

    GRID grid.261834.a

  4. 4 Centro de Investigacion Biomedica en Red de Salud Mental

    Centro de Investigacion Biomedica en Red de Salud Mental

    Madrid, España

    GRID grid.469673.9

  5. 5 University of Vienna

    University of Vienna

    Viena, Austria

    GRID grid.10420.37

  6. 6 University of Bergen

    University of Bergen

    Bergen, Noruega

    GRID grid.7914.b

  7. 7 University College London

    University College London

    Londres, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.83440.3b

  8. 8 Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

    Barcelona, España

    GRID grid.7080.f

  9. 9 Universitat de València

    Universitat de València

    Valencia, España

    GRID grid.5338.d

  10. 10 Universidad de La Rioja

    Universidad de La Rioja

    Logroño, España

    GRID grid.119021.a

  11. 11 Lenox Hill Hospital

    Lenox Hill Hospital

    Nueva York, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.415895.4

  12. 12 Universidad de Oviedo

    Universidad de Oviedo

    Oviedo, España

    GRID grid.10863.3c

  13. 13 Anglia Ruskin University

    Anglia Ruskin University

    Cambridge, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.5115.0

  14. 14 Georgia State University

    Georgia State University

    Atlanta, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.256304.6

  15. 15 Louisiana State University

    Louisiana State University

    Baton Rouge, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.64337.35

  16. 16 Ohio University

    Ohio University

    Athens, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.20627.31

  17. 17 Southern Methodist University

    Southern Methodist University

    Dallas, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.263864.d

  18. 18 University of British Columbia

    University of British Columbia

    Vancouver, Canadá

    GRID grid.17091.3e

  19. 19 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.410726.6

  20. 20 University of Crete

    University of Crete

    Heraklion, Grecia

    GRID grid.8127.c

  21. 21 University of Hawaii at Manoa

    University of Hawaii at Manoa

    Honolulu, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.410445.0

  22. 22 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    GRID grid.10041.34

  23. 23 University of North Carolina at Greensboro

    University of North Carolina at Greensboro

    Greensboro, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.266860.c

  24. 24 University of Otago

    University of Otago

    Dunedin, Nueva Zelanda

    GRID grid.29980.3a

  25. 25 University of Pennsylvania

    University of Pennsylvania

    Filadelfia, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.25879.31

  26. 26 University of Geneva

    University of Geneva

    Ginebra, Suiza

    GRID grid.8591.5

  27. 27 Genneruxi Medical Center, Cagliari, Italy
  28. 28 Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  29. 29 University of Oslo

    University of Oslo

    Oslo, Noruega

    GRID grid.5510.1

  30. 30 University of Monastir

    University of Monastir

    Monastir, Túnez

    GRID grid.411838.7

  31. 31 University of Liège

    University of Liège

    Lieja, Bélgica

    GRID grid.4861.b

  32. 32 University of Wollongong

    University of Wollongong

    Wollongong, Australia

    GRID grid.1007.6

Schizophrenia Research

ISSN: 0920-9964

Year of publication: 2017

Type: Article

Export: RIS
DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2017.10.043 SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85032839009 GOOGLE SCHOLAR


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 42 (12-11-2021)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2017
  • Journal Impact Factor: 3.958
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: PSYCHIATRY Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 33/142 (Ranking edition: SCIE)
  • Area: PSYCHIATRY Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 23/142 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2017
  • SJR Journal Impact: 2.192
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: Biological Psychiatry Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 10/43
  • Area: Psychiatry and Mental Health Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 33/549


  • Social Sciences: A+


  • Year 2017
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 7.7
  • Area: Psychiatry and Mental Health Percentile: 93
  • Area: Biological Psychiatry Percentile: 77

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2017
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 1.25
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: PSYCHIATRY Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 36/200


The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief (SPQ-B) was developed with the aim of examining variations in healthy trait schizotypy, as well as latent vulnerability to psychotic-spectrum disorders. No previous study has studied the cross-cultural validity of the SPQ-B in a large cross-national sample. The main goal of the present study was to analyze the reliability and the internal structure of SPQ-B scores in a multinational sample of 28,426 participants recruited from 14 countries. The mean age was 22.63. years (SD = 7.08; range 16-68. years), 37.7% (n = 10,711) were men. The omega coefficients were high, ranging from 0.86 to 0.92 for the total sample. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that SPQ-B items were grouped either in a theoretical structure of three first-order factors (Cognitive-Perceptual, Interpersonal, and Disorganized) or in a bifactor model (three first-order factors plus a general factor of schizotypal personality). In addition, the results supported configural but not strong measurement invariance of SPQ-B scores across samples. These findings provide new information about the factor structure of schizotypal personality, and support the validity and utility of the SPQ-B, a brief and easy tool for assessing self-reported schizotypal traits, in cross-national research. Theoretical and clinical implications for diagnostic systems, psychosis models, and cross-national mental health strategies are derived from these results. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.