Comparisons of schizotypal traits across 12 countries: Results from the International Consortium for Schizotypy Research

  1. Fonseca-Pedrero, E. 26
  2. Chan, R.C.K. 1324
  3. Debbané, M. 421
  4. Cicero, D. 15
  5. Zhang, L.C. 12
  6. Brenner, C. 12
  7. Barkus, E. 28
  8. Linscott, R.J. 18
  9. Kwapil, T. 17
  10. Barrantes-Vidal, N. 5
  11. Cohen, A. 9
  12. Raine, A. 20
  13. Compton, M.T. 7
  14. Tone, E.B. 8
  15. Suhr, J. 10
  16. Muñiz, J. 219
  17. de Albéniz, A.P. 6
  18. Fumero, A. 16
  19. Giakoumaki, S. 14
  20. Tsaousis, I. 14
  21. Preti, A. 22
  22. Chmielewski, M. 11
  23. Laloyaux, J. 32527
  24. Mechri, A. 26
  25. Lahmar, M.A. 26
  26. Wuthrich, V. 23
  27. Larøi, F. 327
  28. Badcock, J.C. 1
  29. Jablensky, A. 1
  30. Ortuño-Sierra, J. 6
  31. Montrer des auteurs +
  1. 1 University of Western Australia
    info

    University of Western Australia

    Perth, Australia

    ROR https://ror.org/047272k79

  2. 2 Centro de Investigacion Biomedica en Red de Salud Mental
    info

    Centro de Investigacion Biomedica en Red de Salud Mental

    Madrid, España

    ROR https://ror.org/009byq155

  3. 3 University of Bergen
    info

    University of Bergen

    Bergen, Noruega

    ROR https://ror.org/03zga2b32

  4. 4 University College London
    info

    University College London

    Londres, Reino Unido

    ROR https://ror.org/02jx3x895

  5. 5 Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
    info

    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

    Barcelona, España

    ROR https://ror.org/052g8jq94

  6. 6 Universidad de La Rioja
    info

    Universidad de La Rioja

    Logroño, España

    ROR https://ror.org/0553yr311

  7. 7 Lenox Hill Hospital
    info

    Lenox Hill Hospital

    Nueva York, Estados Unidos

    ROR https://ror.org/0231d2y50

  8. 8 Georgia State University
    info

    Georgia State University

    Atlanta, Estados Unidos

    ROR https://ror.org/03qt6ba18

  9. 9 Louisiana State University
    info

    Louisiana State University

    Baton Rouge, Estados Unidos

    ROR https://ror.org/05ect4e57

  10. 10 Ohio University
    info

    Ohio University

    Athens, Estados Unidos

    ROR https://ror.org/01jr3y717

  11. 11 Southern Methodist University
    info

    Southern Methodist University

    Dallas, Estados Unidos

    ROR https://ror.org/042tdr378

  12. 12 University of British Columbia
    info

    University of British Columbia

    Vancouver, Canadá

    ROR https://ror.org/03rmrcq20

  13. 13 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
    info

    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

    Pekín, China

    ROR https://ror.org/05qbk4x57

  14. 14 University of Crete
    info

    University of Crete

    Heraklion, Grecia

    ROR https://ror.org/00dr28g20

  15. 15 University of Hawaii at Manoa
    info

    University of Hawaii at Manoa

    Honolulu, Estados Unidos

    ROR https://ror.org/01wspgy28

  16. 16 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01r9z8p25

  17. 17 University of North Carolina at Greensboro
    info

    University of North Carolina at Greensboro

    Greensboro, Estados Unidos

    ROR https://ror.org/04fnxsj42

  18. 18 University of Otago
    info

    University of Otago

    Dunedin, Nueva Zelanda

    ROR https://ror.org/01jmxt844

  19. 19 Universidad de Oviedo
    info

    Universidad de Oviedo

    Oviedo, España

    ROR https://ror.org/006gksa02

  20. 20 University of Pennsylvania
    info

    University of Pennsylvania

    Filadelfia, Estados Unidos

    ROR https://ror.org/00b30xv10

  21. 21 Université de Genève
    info

    Université de Genève

    Ginebra, Suiza

    ROR https://ror.org/01swzsf04

  22. 22 Genneruxi Medical Center, Cagliari, Italy
  23. 23 Macquarie University
    info

    Macquarie University

    Sídney, Australia

    ROR https://ror.org/01sf06y89

  24. 24 Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, CAS key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  25. 25 University of Oslo
    info

    University of Oslo

    Oslo, Noruega

    ROR https://ror.org/01xtthb56

  26. 26 University of Monastir
    info

    University of Monastir

    Monastir, Túnez

    ROR https://ror.org/00nhtcg76

  27. 27 University of Liège
    info

    University of Liège

    Lieja, Bélgica

    ROR https://ror.org/00afp2z80

  28. 28 University of Wollongong
    info

    University of Wollongong

    Wollongong, Australia

    ROR https://ror.org/00jtmb277

Revue:
Schizophrenia Research

ISSN: 0920-9964

Année de publication: 2018

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1016/J.SCHRES.2018.03.021 SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85044111793 GOOGLE SCHOLAR
Texte intégral de l'auteur: lockAccès ouvert editor

Résumé

Background: Schizotypal traits are expressions of underlying vulnerability to psychotic disorders which have a potential impact on mental health status, neurocognition, quality of life, and daily functioning. To date, little research has examined epidemiologic landscape of schizotypal traits at the cross-national level. Our aim was to study the expression of schizotypal traits by sex, age, and country in a combined sample gathered from 12 countries. Methods: A total of 27,001 participants completed the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ). The mean age of participants was 22.12 (SD = 6.28); 37.5% (n = 10,126) were males. Results: Schizotypal traits varied according to sex, age, and country. Females scored higher than males in the positive dimension, whereas males scored higher in the disorganization dimension. By age, a significant decrease in the positive schizotypal traits was observed. Epidemiological expression of schizotypal traits varied by country. Moreover, several interactions by sex, age, and country were found. Conclusions: This pattern is similar to those found in patients with psychosis and psychotic-like experiences. These findings provide new insights and the opportunity to explore the phenotypic expression of schizotypal traits at cross-national level. © 2018