Cross-cultural invariance of the factor structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire across Spanish and American college students

  1. Fonseca-Pedrero, E. 12
  2. Compton, M.T. 3
  3. Tone, E.B. 4
  4. Ortuño-Sierra, J. 2
  5. Paino, M. 16
  6. Fumero, A. 5
  7. Lemos-Giráldez, S. 1
  1. 1 Centro de Investigacion Biomedica en Red de Salud Mental

    Centro de Investigacion Biomedica en Red de Salud Mental

    Madrid, España


  2. 2 Universidad de La Rioja

    Universidad de La Rioja

    Logroño, España


  3. 3 Lenox Hill Hospital

    Lenox Hill Hospital

    Nueva York, Estados Unidos


  4. 4 Georgia State University

    Georgia State University

    Atlanta, Estados Unidos


  5. 5 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España


  6. 6 Universidad de Oviedo

    Universidad de Oviedo

    Oviedo, España


Psychiatry Research

ISSN: 0165-1781

Year of publication: 2014

Volume: 220

Issue: 3

Pages: 1071-1076

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1016/J.PSYCHRES.2014.06.050 SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84919838989 WoS: WOS:000347361300050 GOOGLE SCHOLAR

More publications in: Psychiatry Research


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 20 (13-11-2023)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 20 (29-10-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 16 (30-03-2023)
  • :

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2014
  • Journal Impact Factor: 2.467
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 2.202
  • Article influence score: 0.849
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: PSYCHIATRY Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 61/140 (Ranking edition: SCIE)
  • Area: PSYCHIATRY Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 41/133 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2014
  • SJR Journal Impact: 1.316
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: Psychiatry and Mental Health Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 94/566
  • Area: Biological Psychiatry Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 17/44


  • Social Sciences: A+

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2014
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 4.3
  • Area: Psychiatry and Mental Health Percentile: 77
  • Area: Medicine (all) Percentile: 68
  • Area: Biological Psychiatry Percentile: 55


(Data updated as of 30-03-2023)
  • Total citations: 16
  • Recent citations: 3
  • Relative Citation Ratio (RCR): 0.7
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 2.04


The main goal of this study was to examine the cross-cultural invariance of the factor structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) (Raine, 1991) in two large samples of Spanish and American young adults. The final sample was made up of 2313 college students (508 men, 22%). Their mean age was 20.5 years (S.D.=3.2). The results indicated that the Stefanis et al. (2004) four-factor model yielded the best goodness-of-fit indices compared to alternative models. Moreover, the results support configural, metric, and partial measurement invariance of the covariances of the SPQ across the two samples. The finding of measurement equivalence across cultures provides essential evidence of construct validity for the schizotypy dimensions and of the cross-cultural validity of SPQ scores. The finding of comparable dimensional structures in cross-cultural samples lends further support to the continuum model of schizotypy and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Future studies should continue to examine the validity of scores on the SPQ and other schizotypy measures and their variation or consistency across cultures.