Well-being in schizotypyThe effect of subclinical psychotic experiences

  1. Ascensión Ángeles Fumero Hernández 1
  2. Rosario Josefa Marrero Quevedo 1
  3. Eduardo Fonseca Pedrero 2
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    GRID grid.10041.34

  2. 2 Universidad de La Rioja

    Universidad de La Rioja

    Logroño, España

    GRID grid.119021.a


ISSN: 0214-9915

Year of publication: 2018

Volume: 30

Issue: 2

Pages: 177-182

Type: Article

Export: RIS


Cited by

  • Dialnet Métricas Cited by: 4 (17-09-2021)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2018
  • Journal Impact Factor: 1.551
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 57/137 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2018
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.641
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: Psychology (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 85/262

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2018
  • Journal Impact: 2.000
  • Field: PSICOLOGÍA Quartile: C1 Rank in field: 7/116


  • Social Sciences: A


  • Year 2018
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 2.5
  • Area: Psychology (all) Percentile: 61

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2018
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.79
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 66/134


Background: Schizotypy is a multidimensional construct that includes positive, negative, and disorganized dimensions. The healthy schizotypal model suggests that positive schizotypal features could be associated with better psychological functioning. The aim of this study was to analyze whether schizotypal features are associated with subjective and psychological well-being, and consider whether psychotic-like experiences affect well-being. Method: These relationships were investigated in two hundred non-clinical Spanish adults (mean age = 34.80, S.D. = 14.20). Results: Negative schizotypal features were associated with lower well-being, whereas positive schizotypal features were related with greater well-being. Individuals with subclinical psychotic experiences scored lower for psychological well-being than individuals without these experiences. Conclusions: The study suggests that some positive features may be beneficial for well-being while others are associated with lower well-being.

Bibliographic References

  • Abbott, G. R., & Byrne, L. K. (2012). Schizotypy and subjective wellbeing in university students. Psychiatry Research, 196, 154-156. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2011.08.013
  • Abbott, G. R., Do, M., & Byrne, L. K. (2012). Diminished subjective wellbeing in schizotypy is more than just negative affect. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 914-918. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. paid.2012.01.018
  • Alminhana, L. O., Farias, M., Claridge, G., Cloninger, C. R., & MoreiraAlmeida, A. (2017). How to tell a happy from an unhappy schizotype: Personality factors and mental health outcomes in individuals with psychotic experiences. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatría, 39, 126-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2016-1944
  • Barrantes-Vidal, N., Grant, P., & Kwapil, T. R. (2015). The role of schizotypy in the study of the etiology of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 41, S408-S416. http://dx.doi.org/ doi:10.1093/schbul/sbu191
  • Barrantes-Vidal, N., Gross, G. M., Sheinbaum, T., Mitjavila, M., Ballespí, S., & Kwapil, T. R. (2013). Positive and negative schizotypy are associated with prodromal and schizophrenia-spectrum symptoms. Schizophrenia Research, 145, 50-55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. schres.2013.01.007
  • Brett, C. M. C., Peters, E. R., & McGuire, P. K. (2015). Which psychotic experiences are associated with a need for clinical care? European Psychiatry, 30, 648-654. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. eurpsy.2014.12.005
  • Cicero, D. C., Becker, T. M., Martin, E. A., Docherty, A. R., & Kerns, J. G. (2013). The role of aberrant salience and self-concept clarity in psychotic-like experiences. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 33-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0027361
  • Cortés, M. J., Gutiérrez-Zotes, A., Valero, J., Jariod, M., & Labad, A. (2010). Delirios y su relación con el temperamento y carácter en pacientes con trastorno psicótico [Delusions and their relation to temperament and character in patients with psychotic disorder]. Psicothema, 22, 84-91.
  • Diener, E. D., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffi n, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 7175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
  • Downs, J. M., Cullen, A. E., Barragan, M., & Laurens, K. R. (2013). Persisting psychotic-like experiences are associated with both externalizing and internalizing psychopathology in a longitudinal general population child cohort. Schizophrenia Research, 144, 99-104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2012.12.009
  • Fonseca-Pedrero, E. F., & Debbané, M. (2017). Schizotypal traits and psychoticlike experiences during adolescence: An update. Psicothema, 29, 5-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2016.209
  • Fonseca-Pedrero, E., Fumero, A., Paino, M., de Miguel, A., OrtuñoSierra, J., Lemos-Giráldez, S., et al. (2014). Schizotypal personality questionnaire: New sources of validity evidence in college students. Psychiatry Research, 219, 214-220. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. psychres.2014.04.054
  • Freeman, D., Startup, H., Dunn, G., Wingham, G., Černis, E., Evans, N., et al. (2014). Persecutory delusions and psychological well-being. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 49, 1045-1050. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-013-0803-y
  • Gooding, D. C., Cohen, A. S., & Pfl um, M. J. (2014). Hedonic capacity and schizotypy: Evidence for the criterion validity of the ACIPS. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 55, 1455-1461. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. comppsych.2014.04.013
  • Goulding, A. (2005). Healthy schizotypy in a population of paranormal believers and experients. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 1069-1083. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.07.006
  • Karcher, N. R., Slutske, W. S., Kerns, J. G., Piasecki, T. M., & Martin, N. G. (2014). Sex differences in magical ideation: A community-based twin study. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 5, 212-219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/per0000040
  • Kendler, K. S., Ochs, A. L., Gorman, A. M., Hewitt, J. K., Ross, D. E., & Mirsky, A. F. (1991). The structure of schizotypy: A pilot study multitrait twin study. Psychiatry Research, 36, 19 -36. http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/0165-1781(91)90114-5
  • Korver-Nieberg, N., Berry, K., Meijer, C. J., & Haan, L. (2014). Adult attachment and psychotic phenomenology in clinical and non-clinical samples: A systematic review. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 87, 127-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ papt.12010
  • Langer, A. I., Stanghellini, G., Cangas, A. J., Lysaker, P. H., Nieto-Muñoz, L., Moriana, J. A., et al. (2015). Interpretation, emotional reactions and daily life implications of hallucination-like experiences in clinical and nonclinical populations. Psicothema, 27, 19-25. http://dx.doi. org/10.7334/psicothema2014.97
  • Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H.S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46, 137-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1006824100041
  • Marrero, R. J., & Carballeira, M. (2012). The contribution of personality to PWB: An exploratory study. In B. S. Nguyem (Ed.), Psychology of Satisfaction (pp 41-65). New York: NOVA.
  • Martin, E. A., Cicero, D. C., & Kerns, J. G. (2012). Social anhedonia, but not positive schizotypy, is associated with poor affective control. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 3, 263-272. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0024488
  • Mohr, C., & Claridge, G. (2015). Schizotypy-do not worry, it is not all worrisome. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 41, S436-S443. http://dx.doi. org/10.1093/schbul/sbu185
  • Peters, E., Ward, T., Jackson, M., Morgan, C., Charalambides, M., McGuire, P., et al. (2016). Clinical, socio-demographic and psychological characteristics in individuals with persistent psychotic experiences with and without a “need for care”. World Psychiatry, 15, 41-52. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1002/wps.20301
  • Raine, A. (1991). The SPQ: A scale for the assessment of schizotypal personality based on DSM-III-R criteria. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 17, 555-564. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/17.4.555
  • Rossi, A., & Daneluzzo, E. (2002). Schizotypal dimensions in normal and schizophrenic patients: A comparison with other clinical samples. Schizophrenia Research, 54, 67-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S09209964(01)00353-X
  • Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 1069-1081. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/00223514.57.6.1069
  • Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. H. (2006). Best news yet on the six-factor model of well-being. Social Science Research, 35, 1103-1119. http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2006.01.002
  • Salokangas, R. K. R., Dingemans, P., Heinimaa, M., Svirskis, T., Luutonen, S., Hietala, J., et al. (2013). Prediction of psychosis in clinical highrisk patients by the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire. Results of
  • the EPOS project. European Psychiatry, 28, 469-475. http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2013.01.001
  • Sandín, B., Chorot, P., Lostao, L., Joiner, T. E., Santed, M. A., & Valiente, R. M. (1999). Escalas PANAS de afecto positivo y negativo: validación factorial y convergencia transcultural [PANAS Scales of positive and negative affect: Factorial validation and cross-cultural convergence]. Psicothema, 11, 37-51.
  • Scott, J., Welham, J., Martin, G., Bor, W., Najman, J., O’Callaghan, M., et al. (2008). Demographic correlates of psychotic-like experiences in young Australian adults. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 118, 230237. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2008.01214.x
  • Simon, A. E., Umbricht, D., Lang, U. E., & Borgwardt, S. (2014). Declining transition rates to psychosis: The role of diagnostic spectra and symptom overlaps in individuals with attenuated psychosis syndrome. Schizophrenia Research, 159, 292-298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2014.09.016
  • Tuchman, N., & Weisman de Mamani, A. (2013). Latent profi le analysis of healthy schizotypy within the extended psychosis phenotype. Psychiatry Research, 210, 1008-1013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. psychres.2013.08.006
  • Unterrainer, H. F., Lewis, A. J., & Fink, A. (2014). Religious/spiritual well-being, personality and mental health: A review of results and conceptual issues. Journal of Religion and Health, 53, 382-392. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-012-9642-5
  • Vázquez, C., Duque, A., & Hervás, G. (2013). Satisfaction with life scale in a representative sample of Spanish adults: validation and normative data. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 16, 1-15. http://dx.doi. org/10.1017/sjp.2013.82
  • Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063-1070. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.54.6.1063
  • Weintraub, M. J., & Weisman de Mamani, A. W. (2015). Effects of subclinical psychosis and cognitive insight on psychological well-being: A structural equation model. Psychiatry Research, 226, 149-155. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2014.12.039
  • Woods, S. W., Addington, J., Cadenhead, K. S., Cannon, T. D., Cornblatt, B. A., Heinssen, R., et al. (2009). Validity of the prodromal risk syndrome for fi rst psychosis: Findings from the North American Prodrome Longitudinal Study. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 35, 894-908. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbp027