Las comunidades vegetales de la Isla de Tenerife (Islas Canarias)

  1. Salvador Rivas Martínez
  2. Wolfredo Wildpret de la Torre
  3. Marcelino J. del Arco Aguilar
  4. Octavio Rodríguez Delgado
  5. Pedro Luis Pérez de Paz
  6. Antonio García Gallo
  7. Juan Ramón Acebes Ginovés
  8. Tomás Emilio Díaz González
  9. Federico Fernández González
Journal:
Itinera geobotanica

ISSN: 0213-8530

Year of publication: 1993

Issue: 7

Pages: 169-374

Type: Article

Export: RIS

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  • Dialnet Métricas Cited by: 3 (17-09-2021)

Abstract

In this paper we have made a phytosociological survey of the vegetation of Tenerife. It contains: 1. Phytosociological typology. We show the syntaxonomical scheme for all the communities studied in the Island. They are 26 classes, 35 orders, 57 alliances, 87 associations, 39 subassociations, and 14 communities without hierarchical rank. Following, in the same order, we pass to the descriptions of the communities. They include the correct nomination, bibliographical reference, type, relevés table, synonyms, description, chorology, and characteristic species. 2. Forests, woodlands, scrublands, and herbaceous hems (classes 1-5). We include here 5 classes, 8 orders, 11 alliances, 26 associations and 20 subassociations. The following new sintaxa are proposed: Ceropegio fuscae-Euphorbietum balsamiferae ass. nova Ceropegio fuscae-Euphorbietum balsamiferae salsoletosum divaricatae subass. nova Periploco laevigatae-Euphorbietum canariensis ass. nova Periploco laevigatae-Euphorbietum canariensis salsoletosum divaricatae subass. nova Periploco laevigatae-Euphorbietum canariensis jasminetosum odoratissimi subass. nova Periploco laevigatae-Euphorbietum canariensis euphorbietosum balsamiferae subass. nova Ceropegio dichotomae-Euphorbietum aphyllae ass. nova Rhamno crenulatae-Hypericetum canariensis ass. nova Echio aculeati-Retametum rhodorhizoidis ass. nova Periploco laevigatae-Phoenicetum canariensis ass. nova Cistetum symphytifolio-monspeliensis ass. nova Micromerio variae-Globularietum salicinae ass. nova Diplazio caudati-Ocoteetum foetentis ass. nova Ilici canariensis-Ericetum platycodonis ass. nova Visneo mocanerae-Arbutetum canariensis ass. nova Telino canariensis-Adenocarpion foliolosi all. nova Telinetum canariensis Del Arco & Wildpret 1983 telinetosum pallidae subass. nova Telinetum canariensis Del Arco & Wildpret 1983 ericetosum platycodonis subass. nova Rubio periclymeni-Rubion ulmifolii (Oberdorfer 1965) nom. nov. Ranunculo cortusifolii-Geranion canariensis all. nova Ranunculo cortusifolii-Geranietum canariensis ass. nova Rumici maderensis-Pimpinelletum dendrotragii ass. nova Siderito (solutae)-Pinetum canariensis Esteve 1973 ericetosum arboreae (Del Arco et al. 1987) comb. nov. Siderito (solutae)-Pinetum canariensis Esteve 1973 cistetosum monspeliensis (Del Arco et al. 1987) comb. nov. Siderito (solutae)-Pinetum canariensis Esteve 1973 cistetosum osbaeckiaefolii subass. nova Siderito (solutae)-Pinetum canariensis Esteve 1973 spartocytisetosum supranubii subass. nova Erysimo scoparii-Pterocephaletum lasiospermi ass. nova Violetum cheiranthifoliae ass. nova Atriplici ifniensis-Tamaricetum canariensis ass. nova 3. Non ruderal annual and perennial herbaceous vegetation (classes 6-7). We include here 2 classes, 2 orders, 2 alliances, 3 associations and 2 subassociations. The following new sintaxa are proposed: Hypochoeridi glabrae-Tuberarietum guttatae ass. nova Vulpio myuri-Gnaphalietum teydei Wildpret & O. Rodríguez ass. nova Cenchro ciliaris-Hyparrhenietum hirtae Wildpret & O. Rodríguez ass. nova Cenchro ciliaris-Hyparrhenietum hirtae Wildpret & O. Rodríguez ass. nova tricholaenetosum teneriffae subass. nova 4. Ruderal herbaceous and ruderal woody vegetation (classes 8-11). We include here 4 classes, 8 orders, 2 suborders, 18 alliances, 25 associations and 9 subassociations. The following new sintaxa are proposed: Mesembryanthemion crystallini all. nova Galactito tomentosae-Brachypodietum distachyae ass. nova Iflogo spicatae-Stipetum capensis (Esteve & Socorro 1977) nom. nov. Senecio coronopifolii-Echietum bonnetii ass. nova Carduo clavulati-Urticetum stachyoidis ass. nova Polycarpo tetraphylli-Cotuletum australis Wildpret et al. 1988 solivetosum stoloniferae subass. nova Polycarpo tetraphylli-Coronopodetum squamati ass. nova Pipthathero miliacei-Foeniculetum vulgaris ass. nova Forsskaoleo angustifoliae-Rumicetalia lunariae ord. nov. Artemisio thusculae-Rumicion lunariae all. nova Artemisio thusculae-Rumicetum lunariae ass. nova Artemisio thusculae-Plantaginetum arborescentis ass. nova Bidenti pilosae-Ageratinetum adenophorae ass. nova Tropaeolo majoris-Ricinetum communis ass. nova Gonospermo fruticosae-Lavateretum acerifoliae ass. nova Messerschmidio fruticosae-Withanietum aristatae ass. nova Launaeo arborescentis-Schizogynion sericeae all. nova Launaeo arborescentis-Schizogynetum sericeae ass. nova Launaeo arborescentis-Schizogynetum sericeae artemisietosum ramosae subass. nova Launaeo arborescentis-Schizogynetum sericeae zygophylletosum fontanessi subass. nova Launaeo arborescentis-Schizogynetum sericeae reichardietosum crystallinae subass. nova Herniarietum canariensis ass. nova 5. Rocky vegetation (classes 12-14). We include here 3 classes, 4 orders, 7 alliances, 19 associations and 6 subassociations. The following new sintaxa are proposed: Umbilico horizontalis-Parietarietum judaicae ass. nova Cymbalario muralis-Adiantetum capilli-veneris ass. nova Soncho radicati-Aeonietum tabulaeformis Santos & Fernández Galván 1983 heywoodielletosum oligocephalae subass. nova Vieraeo laevigatae-Polycarpaeetum carnosae ass. nova Parietarietum filamentosae ass. nova Aeonietum lindleyi Voggenreiter ass. nova Aeonietum lindleyi aeonietosum canariensis subass. nova Aeonietum canariensis ass. nova Aeonietum canariensis greenovietosum dodrentalis subass. nova Aeonietum cuneati Voggenreiter ass. nova Umbilico horizontalis-Aeonietum urbici García-Gallo & Wildpret ass. nova Davallio canariensis-Aichrysetum laxi Wildpret, García-Gallo, Carqué ass. nova Pericallido lanatae-Sonchetum gummiferi ass. nova Greenovion aureae Santos all. nova Greenovietum aureae ass. nova Greenovietum aizoonis Voggenreiter ass. nova Cheilantho guanchicae-Aeonietum smithii ass. nova 6. Coastal vegetation (classes 15-19). We include here 5 classes, 5 orders, 5 alliances, 8 associations and 2 subassociations. The following new sintaxa are proposed: Frankenio ericifoliae-Astydamietum latifoliae Lohmeyer & Trautmann 1970 atractyletosum preauxianae subass. nova Frankenio capitatae-Zygophylletum fontanesii ass. nova 7. Hygrophylous and aquatic vegetation (classes 20-26). We include here 7 classes, 8 orders, 14 alliances and 6 associations. The following new sintaxa are proposed: Cypero alopecuroidis-Scirpetum maritimi ass. nova Holoschoeno globiferi-Juncetum acuti ass. nova 8. Phytosociological index. This index includes, in alphabetical order, the taxa that are citated in the text. The taxa with a syntaxonomical level below the association rank have been excluded. 9. Floristic index. We show a catalogue with all the taxa mencioned in the text and phytosociological tables. These taxa are accompanied by their syntaxonomical attachment. The catalogue includes some new nomenclatural proposals. 10. Literature cited. We have included here the necessary bibliographical references to the text comprehension. The Canary references have been excluded because they are mencioned in the paper of this Itinera entitled "Bibliografía geobotánica canaria".