Effects of diabetes definition on global surveillance of diabetes prevalence and diagnosis: A pooled analysis of 96 population-based studies with 331 288 participants

  1. Danaei, G. 1
  2. Fahimi, S. 1
  3. Lu, Y. 1
  4. Zhou, B. 2
  5. Hajifathalian, K. 1
  6. Cesare, M.D. 2
  7. Lo, W.-C. 3
  8. Reis-Santos, B. 4
  9. Cowan, M.J. 5
  10. Shaw, J.E. 6
  11. Bentham, J. 2
  12. Lin, J.K. 7
  13. Bixby, H. 2
  14. Magliano, D. 6
  15. Bovet, P. 8241
  16. Miranda, J.J. 9
  17. Khang, Y.-H. 10
  18. Stevens, G.A. 5
  19. Riley, L.M. 5
  20. Ali, M.K. 11
  21. Ezzati, M. 2
  22. Kadir, K.A. 12
  23. Abu-Rmeileh, N.M. 13
  24. Acosta-Cazares, B. 14
  25. Aekplakorn, W. 15
  26. Aguilar-Salinas, C.A. 16
  27. Ahmadvand, A. 17
  28. Nsour, M.A. 18
  29. Alkerwi, A. 19
  30. Amouyel, P. 20
  31. Andersen, L.B. 21
  32. Anderssen, S.A. 22
  33. Andrade, D.S. 23
  34. Anjana, R.M. 24
  35. Aounallah-Skhiri, H. 25
  36. Aris, T. 26
  37. Arlappa, N. 27
  38. Arveiler, D. 28
  39. Assah, F.K. 29
  40. Avdicová, M. 30
  41. Balakrishna, N. 27
  42. Bandosz, P. 31
  43. Barbagallo, C.M. 32
  44. Alberto Barceló, null 33
  45. Batieha, A.M. 34
  46. Baur, L.A. 35
  47. Romdhane, H.B. 36
  48. Bernabe-Ortiz, A. 9
  49. Bhargava, S.K. 37
  50. Bi, Y. 38
  51. Bjerregaard, P. 21242
  52. Björkelund, C. 39
  53. Blake, M. 40
  54. Blokstra, A. 41
  55. Bo, S. 42
  56. Boehm, B.O. 43
  57. Boissonnet, C.P. 44
  58. Brajkovich, I. 45
  59. Breckenkamp, J. 46
  60. Brewster, L.M. 47
  61. Brian, G.R. 48
  62. Bruno, G. 42
  63. Bugge, A. 21
  64. de León, A.C. 49
  65. Can, G. 50
  66. Cândido, A.P.C. 4
  67. Capuano, V. 51
  68. Carvalho, M.J. 52
  69. Casanueva, F.F. 53
  70. Caserta, C.A. 54
  71. Castetbon, K. 55
  72. Chamukuttan, S. 56
  73. Chaturvedi, N. 57
  74. Chen, C.J. 58
  75. Chen, F. 59
  76. Chen, S. 60
  77. Cheng, C.-Y. 61
  78. Chetrit, A. 62
  79. Chiou, S.-T. 63
  80. Cho, Y. 64
  81. Chudek, J. 65
  82. Cifkova, R. 66
  83. Claessens, F. 67
  84. Concin, H. 68
  85. Cooper, C. 69
  86. Cooper, R. 57
  87. Costanzo, S. 70
  88. Cottel, D. 71
  89. Cowell, C. 35
  90. Crujeiras, A.B. 72
  91. D'Arrigo, G. 73
  92. Dallongeville, J. 71
  93. Dankner, R. 62
  94. Dauchet, L. 74
  95. de Gaetano, G. 70
  96. de Henauw, S. 75
  97. Deepa, M. 24
  98. Dehghan, A. 76
  99. Dhana, K. 76
  100. Di Castelnuovo, A.F. 70
  101. Djalalinia, S. 17
  102. Doua, K. 77
  103. Drygas, W. 78
  104. Du, Y. 79
  105. Egbagbe, E.E. 80
  106. Eggertsen, R. 39
  107. Ati, J.E. 81
  108. Elosua, R. 82
  109. Erasmus, R.T. 83
  110. Erem, C. 84
  111. Ergor, G. 85
  112. Eriksen, L. 21
  113. Escobedo-de la Peña, J. 14
  114. Fall, C.H. 86
  115. Farzadfar, F. 17
  116. Felix-Redondo, F.J. 87
  117. Ferguson, T.S. 88
  118. Fernández-Bergés, D. 89
  119. Ferrari, M. 90
  120. Ferreccio, C. 91
  121. Finn, J.D. 92
  122. Föger, B. 68
  123. Foo, L.H. 93
  124. Fouad, H.M. 5
  125. Francis, D.K. 88
  126. do Carmo Franco, M. 94
  127. Franco, O.H. 76
  128. Frontera, G. 95
  129. Furusawa, T. 96
  130. Gaciong, Z. 97
  131. Galbarczyk, A. 98
  132. Garnett, S.P. 35
  133. Gaspoz, J.-M. 99
  134. Gasull, M. 100
  135. Gates, L. 101
  136. Geleijnse, J.M. 102
  137. Ghasemain, A. 17
  138. Giampaoli, S. 103
  139. Gianfagna, F. 104
  140. Giovannelli, J. 74
  141. Gross, M.G. 105
  142. González Rivas, J.P. 106
  143. Gorbea, M.B. 107
  144. Gottrand, F. 108
  145. Grant, J.F. 109
  146. Grodzicki, T. 98
  147. Grøntved, A. 21
  148. Gruden, G. 42
  149. Gu, D. 110
  150. Guan, O.P. 111
  151. Guerrero, R. 112
  152. Guessous, I. 99
  153. Guimaraes, A.L. 113
  154. Gutierrez, L. 114
  155. Hardy, R. 57
  156. Kumar, R.H. 27
  157. He, J. 115
  158. Heidemann, C. 79
  159. Hihtaniemi, I.T. 2
  160. Ho, S.Y. 116
  161. Ho, S.C. 117
  162. Hofman, A. 76
  163. Russo Horimoto, A.R.V. 118
  164. Hormiga, C.M. 119
  165. Horta, B.L. 4
  166. Houti, L. 120
  167. Hussieni, A.S. 13
  168. Huybrechts, I. 121
  169. Hwalla, N. 122
  170. Iacoviello, L. 70
  171. Iannone, A.G. 51
  172. Ibrahim, M.M. 123
  173. Ikeda, N. 124
  174. Ikram, A.M. 76
  175. Irazola, V.E. 114
  176. Islam, M. 125
  177. Iwasaki, M. 126
  178. Jacobs, J.M. 127
  179. Jafar, T. 61
  180. Jasienska, G. 98
  181. Jiang, C.Q. 116
  182. Jonas, J.B. 128
  183. Joshi, P. 5
  184. Kafatos, A. 129
  185. Kalter-Leibovici, O. 62
  186. Kasaeian, A. 17
  187. Katz, J. 130
  188. Kaur, P. 131
  189. Kavousi, M. 76
  190. Kelishadi, R. 132
  191. Kengne, A.P. 133
  192. Kersting, M. 134
  193. Khader, Y.S. 34
  194. Kiechl, S. 135
  195. Kim, J. 136
  196. Kiyohara, Y. 137
  197. Kolsteren, P. 138
  198. Korrovits, P. 139
  199. Koskinen, S. 140
  200. Kratzer, W. 141
  201. Kromhout, D. 102
  202. Kula, K. 142
  203. Kurjata, P. 78
  204. Kyobutungi, C. 143
  205. Lachat, C. 75
  206. Laid, Y. 144
  207. Lam, T.H. 116
  208. Landrove, O. 145
  209. Lanska, V. 146
  210. Lappas, G. 147
  211. Laxmaiah, A. 27
  212. Leclercq, C. 148
  213. Lee, J. 149
  214. Lee, J. 136
  215. Lehtimäki, T. 150
  216. Rampal, L. 151
  217. León-Muñoz, L.M. 152
  218. Li, Y. 1
  219. Lim, W.-Y. 149
  220. Fernanda Lima-Costa, M. 153
  221. Lin, H.-H. 3
  222. Lin, X. 227
  223. Lissner, L. 39
  224. Lorbeer, R. 154
  225. Lozano, J.E. 155
  226. Lundqvist, A. 140
  227. Lytsy, P. 156
  228. Ma, G. 157
  229. Machado-Coelho, G.L.L. 4
  230. Machi, S. 158
  231. Maggi, S. 73
  232. Makdisse, M. 159
  233. Rao, K.M. 27
  234. Manios, Y. 160
  235. Manzato, E. 161
  236. Margozzini, P. 91
  237. Marques-Vidal, P. 162
  238. Martorell, R. 11
  239. Masoodi, S.R. 163
  240. Matsha, T.E. 164
  241. Mbanya, J.C.N. 165
  242. McFarlane, S.R. 88
  243. McGarvey, S.T. 166
  244. McLachlan, S. 167
  245. McNulty, B.A. 168
  246. Mediene-Benchekor, S. 120
  247. Meirhaeghe, A. 169
  248. Menezes, A.M.B. 4
  249. Merat, S. 17
  250. Meshram, I.I. 27
  251. Mi, J. 59
  252. Miquel, J.F. 91
  253. Mohamed, M.K. 170
  254. Mohammad, K. 17
  255. Mohan, V. 24
  256. Yusoff, M.F.M. 26
  257. Moller, N.C. 21
  258. Molnar, D. 171
  259. Mondo, C.K. 172
  260. Moreno, L.A. 173
  261. Morgan, K. 174
  262. Moschonis, G. 160
  263. Mossakowska, M. 175
  264. Mostafa, A. 170
  265. Mota, J. 52
  266. Muiesan, M.L. 176
  267. Müller-Nurasyid, M. 177
  268. Mursu, J. 178
  269. Nagel, G. 179
  270. Namesna, J. 30
  271. Nang, E.E.K. 149
  272. Nangia, V.B. 180
  273. Navarrete-Muñoz, E.M. 181
  274. Ndiaye, N.C. 169
  275. Nervi, F. 91
  276. Nguyen, N.D. 182
  277. Nieto-Martínez, R.E. 183
  278. Ning, G. 38
  279. Ninomiya, T. 137
  280. Noale, M. 73
  281. Noto, D. 32
  282. Ochoa-Avilés, A.M. 23
  283. Oh, K. 64
  284. Onat, A. 50
  285. Osmond, C. 86
  286. Otero, J.A. 119
  287. Palmieri, L. 103
  288. Panda-Jonas, S. 31
  289. Panza, F. 184
  290. Parsaeian, M. 17
  291. Peixoto, S.V. 153
  292. Pereira, A.C. 118
  293. Peters, A. 177
  294. Peykari, N. 17
  295. Pilav, A. 185
  296. Pitakaka, F. 186
  297. Piwonska, A. 78
  298. Piwonski, J. 78
  299. Plans-Rubió, P. 187
  300. Porta, M. 82
  301. Portegies, M.L.P. 76
  302. Poustchi, H. 17
  303. Pradeepa, R. 24
  304. Price, J.F. 167
  305. Punab, M. 139
  306. Qasrawi, R.F. 188
  307. Qorbani, M. 189
  308. Raitakari, O. 190
  309. Rao, S.R. 131
  310. Ramachandran, A. 56
  311. Ramos, R. 191
  312. Rampal, S. 192
  313. Rathmann, W. 193
  314. Redon, J. 194
  315. Reganit, P.F.M. 195
  316. Rigo, F. 196
  317. Robinson, S.M. 69
  318. Robitaille, C. 197
  319. Rodríguez, L.A. 198
  320. Rodríguez-Artalejo, F. 152
  321. Rodriguez-Perez, M.D.C. 49
  322. Rojas-Martinez, R. 199
  323. Romaguera, D. 200
  324. Rosengren, A. 147
  325. Rubinstein, A. 114
  326. Rui, O. 201
  327. Ruiz-Betancourt, B.S. 14
  328. Rutkowski, M. 31
  329. Sabanayagam, C. 111
  330. Sachdev, H.S. 202
  331. Saidi, O. 36
  332. Sakarya, S. 203
  333. Salanave, B. 55
  334. Salonen, J.T. 204
  335. Salvetti, M. 176
  336. Sánchez-Abanto, J. 205
  337. dos Santos, R.N. 206
  338. Santos, R. 52
  339. Sardinha, L.B. 207
  340. Scazufca, M. 206
  341. Schargrodsky, H. 208
  342. Scheidt-Nave, C. 79
  343. Shibuya, K. 209
  344. Shin, Y. 111
  345. Shiri, R. 210
  346. Siantar, R. 111
  347. Sibai, A.M. 122
  348. Simon, M. 56
  349. Simons, J. 211
  350. Simons, L.A. 186
  351. Sjostrom, M. 212
  352. Slowikowska-Hilczer, J. 142
  353. Slusarczyk, P. 175
  354. Smeeth, L. 213
  355. Snijder, M.B. 47
  356. Solfrizzi, V. 184
  357. Sonestedt, E. 214
  358. Soumare, A. 215
  359. Staessen, J.A. 67
  360. Steene-Johannessen, J. 22
  361. Stehle, P. 216
  362. Stein, A.D. 11
  363. Stessman, J. 127
  364. Stöckl, D. 177
  365. Stokwiszewski, J. 217
  366. Strufaldi, M.W. 94
  367. Sun, C.-A. 218
  368. Sundström, J. 156
  369. Suriyawongpaisal, P. 15
  370. Sy, R.G. 195
  371. Tai, E.S. 149
  372. Tarawneh, M. 219
  373. Tarqui-Mamani, C.B. 205
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  376. Topbas, M. 84
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  403. Walton, J. 238
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  406. Wang, Y.X. 240
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  417. Woodward, M. 35225
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  419. Wu, F.C. 92
  420. Wu, S.L. 60
  421. Xu, H. 226
  422. Yang, X. 227
  423. Ye, X. 228
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  426. Zambon, S. 161
  427. Zargar, A.H. 229
  428. Zdrojewski, T. 31
  429. Zhao, W. 227
  430. Zheng, Y. 111
  431. Show all authors +
  1. 1 Harvard University
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    Harvard University

    Cambridge, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.38142.3c

  2. 2 Imperial College London
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    Imperial College London

    Londres, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.7445.2

  3. 3 National Taiwan University
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    National Taiwan University

    Taipéi, Taiwán

    GRID grid.19188.39

  4. 4 Universidade Federal de Pelotas
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    Universidade Federal de Pelotas

    Pelotas, Brasil

    GRID grid.411221.5

  5. 5 World Health Organization
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    World Health Organization

    Ginebra, Suiza

    GRID grid.3575.4

  6. 6 Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute
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    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute

    Melbourne, Australia

    GRID grid.1051.5

  7. 7 University of California, San Francisco
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    University of California, San Francisco

    San Francisco, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.266102.1

  8. 8 University of Lausanne
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    University of Lausanne

    Lausana, Suiza

    GRID grid.9851.5

  9. 9 Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
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    Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

    Lima, Perú

    GRID grid.11100.31

  10. 10 Seoul National University
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    Seoul National University

    Seúl, Corea del Sur

    GRID grid.31501.36

  11. 11 Emory University
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    Emory University

    Atlanta, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.189967.8

  12. 12 Monash University Malaysia
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    Monash University Malaysia

    Kuala Selangor, Malasia

    GRID grid.440425.3

  13. 13 Birzeit University
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    Birzeit University

    Bīr Zayt, Territorios Palestinos

    GRID grid.22532.34

  14. 14 Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
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    Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social

    Ciudad de México, México

    GRID grid.419157.f

  15. 15 Mahidol University
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    Mahidol University

    Bangkok, Tailandia

    GRID grid.10223.32

  16. 16 Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán
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    Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán

    Ciudad de México, México

    GRID grid.416850.e

  17. 17 Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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    Tehran University of Medical Sciences

    Teherán, Irán

    GRID grid.411705.6

  18. 18 Eastern Mediterranean Public Health Network
  19. 19 Luxembourg Health Institute
  20. 20 Lille University and Hospital
  21. 21 University of Southern Denmark
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    University of Southern Denmark

    Odense, Dinamarca

    GRID grid.10825.3e

  22. 22 Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
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    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences

    Oslo, Noruega

    GRID grid.412285.8

  23. 23 Universidad de Cuenca
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    Universidad de Cuenca

    Cuenca, Ecuador

    GRID grid.442123.2

  24. 24 Madras Diabetes Research Foundation
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    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation

    Chennai, India

    GRID grid.429336.9

  25. 25 National Institute of Public Health
  26. 26 Ministry of Health
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    Ministry of Health

    Putrajaya, Malasia

    GRID grid.415759.b

  27. 27 Indian Council of Social Science Research
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    Indian Council of Social Science Research

    Nueva Delhi, India

    GRID grid.453519.f

  28. 28 Strasbourg University and Hospital
  29. 29 Health of Populations in Transition Research Group
  30. 30 Regional Authority of Public Health, Banska Bystrica
  31. 31 Gdańsk Medical University
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    Gdańsk Medical University

    Gdansk, Polonia

    GRID grid.11451.30

  32. 32 University of Palermo
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    University of Palermo

    Palermo, Italia

    GRID grid.10776.37

  33. 33 Pan American Health Organization
  34. 34 Jordan University of Science and Technology
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    Jordan University of Science and Technology

    Irbid, Jordania

    GRID grid.37553.37

  35. 35 University of Sydney
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    University of Sydney

    Sídney, Australia

    GRID grid.1013.3

  36. 36 Université de Tunis El Manar
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    Université de Tunis El Manar

    Túnez, Túnez

    GRID grid.12574.35

  37. 37 Sunder Lal Jain Hospital
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    Sunder Lal Jain Hospital

    Nueva Delhi, India

    GRID grid.451715.3

  38. 38 NO.3 People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
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    NO.3 People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine

    Shangai, China

    GRID grid.488513.3

  39. 39 University of Gothenburg
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    University of Gothenburg

    Gotemburgo, Suecia

    GRID grid.8761.8

  40. 40 NatCen Social Research
  41. 41 National Institute for Public Health and the Environment
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    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment

    De Bilt, Holanda

    GRID grid.31147.30

  42. 42 University of Turin
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    University of Turin

    Turín, Italia

    GRID grid.7605.4

  43. 43 Nanyang Technological University
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    Nanyang Technological University

    Singapur, Singapur

    GRID grid.59025.3b

  44. 44 Centro de Educación Médica e Investigaciones Clínicas
  45. 45 Universidad Central de Venezuela
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    Universidad Central de Venezuela

    Caracas, Venezuela

    GRID grid.8171.f

  46. 46 Bielefeld University
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    Bielefeld University

    Bielefeld, Alemania

    GRID grid.7491.b

  47. 47 University of Amsterdam
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    University of Amsterdam

    Ámsterdam, Holanda

    GRID grid.7177.6

  48. 48 The Fred Hollows Foundation New Zealand
  49. 49 Canarian Health Service
  50. 50 Istanbul University
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    Istanbul University

    Estambul, Turquía

    GRID grid.9601.e

  51. 51 Reparto di Cardiologia ed UTIC di Mercato S.
  52. 52 Universidade Do Porto
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    Universidade Do Porto

    Oporto, Portugal

    GRID grid.5808.5

  53. 53 Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
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    Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

    Santiago de Compostela, España

    GRID grid.11794.3a

  54. 54 Associazione Calabrese di Epatologia
  55. 55 French Institute for Health Surveillance
  56. 56 India Diabetes Research Foundation
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    India Diabetes Research Foundation

    Chennai, India

    GRID grid.479916.4

  57. 57 University College London
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    University College London

    Londres, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.83440.3b

  58. 58 Academia Sinica Grid-Computing Centre
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    Academia Sinica Grid-Computing Centre

    Taipei, Taiwán

  59. 59 Capital Institute of Pediatrics
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    Capital Institute of Pediatrics

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.418633.b

  60. 60 Kailuan General Hospital
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    Kailuan General Hospital

    Tangshan, China

    GRID grid.459652.9

  61. 61 Duke NUS Graduate Medical School
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    Duke NUS Graduate Medical School

    Singapur, Singapur

    GRID grid.428397.3

  62. 62 The Gertner Institute for Epidemiology, Health Policy Research
  63. 63 Chest Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare
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    Chest Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare

    Tainan, Taiwán

    GRID grid.452227.4

  64. 64 Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  65. 65 Medical University of Silesia
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    Medical University of Silesia

    Katowice, Polonia

    GRID grid.411728.9

  66. 66 Charles University in Prague
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    Charles University in Prague

    Praga, República Checa

    GRID grid.4491.8

  67. 67 University of Leuven
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    University of Leuven

    Lovaina, Bélgica

    GRID grid.5596.f

  68. 68 Agency for Preventive
  69. 69 University of Southampton
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    University of Southampton

    Southampton, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.5491.9

  70. 70 Neuromed : Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo
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    Neuromed : Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo

    Pozzilli, Italia

  71. 71 Pasteur Institute of Lille
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    Pasteur Institute of Lille

    Lila, Francia

    GRID grid.8970.6

  72. 72 Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición
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    Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición

    Madrid, España

  73. 73 Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
    info

    Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

    Roma, Italia

    GRID grid.5326.2

  74. 74 Centre Hospitalier Regional et Universitaire de Lille
    info

    Centre Hospitalier Regional et Universitaire de Lille

    Lila, Francia

    GRID grid.410463.4

  75. 75 Ghent University
    info

    Ghent University

    Gante, Bélgica

    GRID grid.5342.0

  76. 76 Erasmus University Medical Center
    info

    Erasmus University Medical Center

    Róterdam, Holanda

    GRID grid.5645.2

  77. 77 Ministère de la Santé et de la Lutte contre le Sida
  78. 78 The Cardinal Wyszynski Institute of Cardiology
  79. 79 Robert Koch Institute
    info

    Robert Koch Institute

    Berlín, Alemania

    GRID grid.13652.33

  80. 80 University of Benin College of Medical Sciences
  81. 81 Institute of Cryobiology and Food Technology
    info

    Institute of Cryobiology and Food Technology

    Sofía, Bulgaria

    GRID grid.483438.0

  82. 82 Hospital del Mar
    info

    Hospital del Mar

    Barcelona, España

    GRID grid.411142.3

  83. 83 Stellenbosch University
    info

    Stellenbosch University

    Stellenbosch, Sudáfrica

    GRID grid.11956.3a

  84. 84 Karadeniz Technical University
    info

    Karadeniz Technical University

    Trapisonda, Turquía

    GRID grid.31564.35

  85. 85 Dokuz Eylül University
    info

    Dokuz Eylül University

    Esmirna, Turquía

    GRID grid.21200.31

  86. 86 MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit
    info

    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit

    Southampton, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.451069.f

  87. 87 Centro de Salud Villanueva Norte
  88. 88 The University of the West Indies
  89. 89 Hospital Don Benito-Villanueva de la Serena
  90. 90 National Research Institute on Food and Nutrition
  91. 91 Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
    info

    Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

    Santiago de Chile, Chile

    GRID grid.7870.8

  92. 92 University of Manchester
    info

    University of Manchester

    Mánchester, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.5379.8

  93. 93 Universiti Sains Malaysia
    info

    Universiti Sains Malaysia

    George Town, Malasia

    GRID grid.11875.3a

  94. 94 Universidade Federal de São Paulo
    info

    Universidade Federal de São Paulo

    São Paulo, Brasil

    GRID grid.411249.b

  95. 95 Hospital Universitario Son Espases
    info

    Hospital Universitario Son Espases

    Palma, España

    GRID grid.411164.7

  96. 96 Kyoto University
    info

    Kyoto University

    Kioto, Japón

    GRID grid.258799.8

  97. 97 Medical University of Warsaw
    info

    Medical University of Warsaw

    Varsovia, Polonia

    GRID grid.13339.3b

  98. 98 Jagiellonian University
    info

    Jagiellonian University

    Cracovia, Polonia

    GRID grid.5522.0

  99. 99 University Hospital of Geneva
    info

    University Hospital of Geneva

    Ginebra, Suiza

    GRID grid.150338.c

  100. 100 Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Epidemiología Y Salud Pública
    info

    Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Epidemiología Y Salud Pública

    Madrid, España

    GRID grid.466571.7

  101. 101 Australian Bureau of Statistics
  102. 102 Wageningen UR
    info

    Wageningen UR

    Wageningen, Holanda

    GRID grid.4818.5

  103. 103 Istituto Superiore di Sanità
    info

    Istituto Superiore di Sanità

    Roma, Italia

    GRID grid.416651.1

  104. 104 Università dell'Insubria
    info

    Università dell'Insubria

    Varese, Italia

    GRID grid.18147.3b

  105. 105 Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
    info

    Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

    Madrid, España

    GRID grid.5690.a

  106. 106 The Andes Clinic of Cardio-Metabolic Studies
  107. 107 National Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology
  108. 108 Université Lille 2 Droit et Santé
    info

    Université Lille 2 Droit et Santé

    Lila, Francia

    GRID grid.16780.38

  109. 109 University of Adelaide
    info

    University of Adelaide

    Adelaida, Australia

    GRID grid.1010.0

  110. 110 National Center of Cardiovascular Diseases
  111. 111 Singapore Eye Research Institute
    info

    Singapore Eye Research Institute

    Singapur, Singapur

    GRID grid.272555.2

  112. 112 Universidad Icesi
    info

    Universidad Icesi

    Santiago de Cali, Colombia

    GRID grid.440787.8

  113. 113 State University of Montes Claros
  114. 114 Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy
  115. 115 Tulane University
    info

    Tulane University

    Nueva Orleans, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.265219.b

  116. 116 University of Hong Kong
    info

    University of Hong Kong

    Hong Kong, Hong Kong

    GRID grid.194645.b

  117. 117 Chinese University of Hong Kong
    info

    Chinese University of Hong Kong

    Sha Tin, Hong Kong

    GRID grid.10784.3a

  118. 118 Heart Institute
    info

    Heart Institute

    Lufkin, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.488819.4

  119. 119 Fundación Oftalmológica de Santander
  120. 120 University of Oran 1
  121. 121 International Agency For Research On Cancer
    info

    International Agency For Research On Cancer

    Lyon, Francia

    GRID grid.17703.32

  122. 122 American University of Beirut
    info

    American University of Beirut

    Beirut, Líbano

    GRID grid.22903.3a

  123. 123 Cairo University
    info

    Cairo University

    Guiza, Egipto

    GRID grid.7776.1

  124. 124 National Institute of Health and Nutrition
  125. 125 Aga Khan University
    info

    Aga Khan University

    Karachi, Pakistán

    GRID grid.7147.5

  126. 126 Niigata University
    info

    Niigata University

    Niigata, Japón

    GRID grid.260975.f

  127. 127 Hadassah Medical Center
    info

    Hadassah Medical Center

    Jerusalén, Israel

    GRID grid.17788.31

  128. 128 Heidelberg University
    info

    Heidelberg University

    Heidelberg, Alemania

    GRID grid.7700.0

  129. 129 University of Crete
    info

    University of Crete

    Heraklion, Grecia

    GRID grid.8127.c

  130. 130 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
  131. 131 National Institute of Epidemiology
    info

    National Institute of Epidemiology

    Chennai, India

    GRID grid.419587.6

  132. 132 Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
    info

    Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

    Isfahán, Irán

    GRID grid.411036.1

  133. 133 South African Medical Research Council
    info

    South African Medical Research Council

    Ciudad del Cabo, Sudáfrica

    GRID grid.415021.3

  134. 134 Research Institute of Child Nutrition
  135. 135 University of Innsbruck
    info

    University of Innsbruck

    Innsbruck, Austria

    GRID grid.5771.4

  136. 136 National Cancer Center
    info

    National Cancer Center

    Plainview, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.468444.e

  137. 137 Kyushu University
    info

    Kyushu University

    Fukuoka, Japón

    GRID grid.177174.3

  138. 138 Institute of Tropical Medicine
  139. 139 University of Tartu
    info

    University of Tartu

    Tartu, Estonia

    GRID grid.10939.32

  140. 140 National Institute for Health and Welfare
    info

    National Institute for Health and Welfare

    Helsinki, Finlandia

    GRID grid.14758.3f

  141. 141 University Hospital Ulm
    info

    University Hospital Ulm

    Ulm, Alemania

    GRID grid.410712.1

  142. 142 Medical University of Lodz
    info

    Medical University of Lodz

    Łódź, Polonia

    GRID grid.8267.b

  143. 143 African Population and Health Research Center
    info

    African Population and Health Research Center

    Nairobi, Kenia

    GRID grid.413355.5

  144. 144 National Institute of Public Health
  145. 145 Ministerio de Salud Pública
  146. 146 Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
    info

    Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine

    Praga, República Checa

    GRID grid.418930.7

  147. 147 Sahlgrenska Academy
  148. 148 Food and Agriculture Organization
  149. 149 National University of Singapore
    info

    National University of Singapore

    Singapur, Singapur

    GRID grid.4280.e

  150. 150 Tampere University Hospital
    info

    Tampere University Hospital

    Tampere, Finlandia

    GRID grid.412330.7

  151. 151 Universiti Putra Malaysia
    info

    Universiti Putra Malaysia

    Seri Kembangan, Malasia

    GRID grid.11142.37

  152. 152 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
    info

    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

    Madrid, España

    GRID grid.5515.4

  153. 153 Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Rene Rachou Research Institute
  154. 154 University Medicine Greifswald
  155. 155 Consejería de Sanidad Junta de Castilla y León
  156. 156 Uppsala University
    info

    Uppsala University

    Upsala, Suecia

    GRID grid.8993.b

  157. 157 Peking University
    info

    Peking University

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.11135.37

  158. 158 Jikei University School of Medicine University Hospital
    info

    Jikei University School of Medicine University Hospital

    Tokio, Japón

    GRID grid.470100.2

  159. 159 Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein
  160. 160 Harokopio University of Athens
  161. 161 University of Padua
    info

    University of Padua

    Padua, Italia

    GRID grid.5608.b

  162. 162 University Hospital of Lausanne
    info

    University Hospital of Lausanne

    Lausana, Suiza

    GRID grid.8515.9

  163. 163 Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences
  164. 164 Cape Peninsula University of Technology
    info

    Cape Peninsula University of Technology

    Ciudad del Cabo, Sudáfrica

    GRID grid.411921.e

  165. 165 University of Yaoundé 1
  166. 166 Brown University
    info

    Brown University

    Providence, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.40263.33

  167. 167 University of Edinburgh
    info

    University of Edinburgh

    Edimburgo, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.4305.2

  168. 168 University College Dublin
    info

    University College Dublin

    Dublín, Irlanda

    GRID grid.7886.1

  169. 169 French Institute of Health and Medical Research
    info

    French Institute of Health and Medical Research

    París, Francia

    GRID grid.7429.8

  170. 170 Ain Shams University
    info

    Ain Shams University

    Cairo, Egipto

    GRID grid.7269.a

  171. 171 University of Pecs
    info

    University of Pecs

    Pécs, Hungría

    GRID grid.9679.1

  172. 172 Mulago Hospital
    info

    Mulago Hospital

    Kampala, Uganda

    GRID grid.416252.6

  173. 173 Universidad de Zaragoza
    info

    Universidad de Zaragoza

    Zaragoza, España

    GRID grid.11205.37

  174. 174 PU-RCSI School of Medicine
  175. 175 International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology
    info

    International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology

    Varsovia, Polonia

    GRID grid.419362.b

  176. 176 Università degli Studi di Brescia
    info

    Università degli Studi di Brescia

    Brescia, Italia

    GRID grid.7637.5

  177. 177 Helmholtz Zentrum München
    info

    Helmholtz Zentrum München

    Múnich, Alemania

    GRID grid.4567.0

  178. 178 University of Eastern Finland
    info

    University of Eastern Finland

    Kuopio, Finlandia

    GRID grid.9668.1

  179. 179 University of Ulm
    info

    University of Ulm

    Ulm, Alemania

    GRID grid.6582.9

  180. 180 Suraj Eye Institute
  181. 181 CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública
  182. 182 University of Pharmacy, Medicine of Ho Chi Minh City
  183. 183 Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado
    info

    Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado

    Barquisimeto, Venezuela

    GRID grid.412877.f

  184. 184 University of Bari Aldo Moro
    info

    University of Bari Aldo Moro

    Bari, Italia

    GRID grid.7644.1

  185. 185 Federal Ministry of Health
  186. 186 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    info

    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

    Canberra, Australia

    GRID grid.1016.6

  187. 187 Public Health Agency of Catalonia
  188. 188 Al-Quds University
    info

    Al-Quds University

    Jerusalén Este, Territorios Palestinos

    GRID grid.16662.35

  189. 189 Alborz University of Medical Sciences
  190. 190 University of Turku
    info

    University of Turku

    Turku, Finlandia

    GRID grid.1374.1

  191. 191 Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol
  192. 192 University of Malaya
    info

    University of Malaya

    Kuala Lumpur, Malasia

    GRID grid.10347.31

  193. 193 German Diabetes Center
  194. 194 Universitat de València
    info

    Universitat de València

    Valencia, España

    GRID grid.5338.d

  195. 195 University of the Philippines
  196. 196 Health Center San Agustin
  197. 197 Public Health Agency of Canada
  198. 198 Universidad Industrial de Santander
    info

    Universidad Industrial de Santander

    Bucaramanga, Colombia

    GRID grid.411595.d

  199. 199 Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
    info

    Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública

    Cuernavaca, México

    GRID grid.415771.1

  200. 200 Instituto de Salud Global de Barcelona
    info

    Instituto de Salud Global de Barcelona

    Barcelona, España

  201. 201 Universidade da Madeira
    info

    Universidade da Madeira

    Funchal, Portugal

    GRID grid.26793.39

  202. 202 Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science Research
  203. 203 Marmara University
    info

    Marmara University

    Estambul, Turquía

    GRID grid.16477.33

  204. 204 University of Helsinki
    info

    University of Helsinki

    Helsinki, Finlandia

    GRID grid.7737.4

  205. 205 National Institutes of Health
    info

    National Institutes of Health

    Bethesda, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.94365.3d

  206. 206 Universidade de São Paulo
    info

    Universidade de São Paulo

    São Paulo, Brasil

    GRID grid.11899.38

  207. 207 Universidade de Lisboa
    info

    Universidade de Lisboa

    Lisboa, Portugal

    GRID grid.9983.b

  208. 208 Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires
    info

    Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires

    Buenos Aires, Argentina

    GRID grid.414775.4

  209. 209 University of Tokyo
    info

    University of Tokyo

    Tokio, Japón

    GRID grid.26999.3d

  210. 210 Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
    info

    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health

    Helsinki, Finlandia

    GRID grid.6975.d

  211. 211 St Vincent's Hospital
    info

    St Vincent's Hospital

    Melbourne, Australia

    GRID grid.413105.2

  212. 212 Karolinska Institute
    info

    Karolinska Institute

    Estocolmo, Suecia

    GRID grid.4714.6

  213. 213 London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
    info

    London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

    Londres, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.8991.9

  214. 214 Lund University
    info

    Lund University

    Lund, Suecia

    GRID grid.4514.4

  215. 215 University of Bordeaux
    info

    University of Bordeaux

    Burdeos, Francia

    GRID grid.412041.2

  216. 216 University of Bonn
    info

    University of Bonn

    Bonn, Alemania

    GRID grid.10388.32

  217. 217 National Institute of Hygiene
  218. 218 Fu Jen Catholic University
    info

    Fu Jen Catholic University

    Taipéi, Taiwán

    GRID grid.256105.5

  219. 219 Ministry of Health
  220. 220 Area de Salut de Menorca
  221. 221 Institute of Research for Development
    info

    Institute of Research for Development

    Marsella, Francia

    GRID grid.4399.7

  222. 222 Ministry of Health
  223. 223 University of London
    info

    University of London

    Londres, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.4464.2

  224. 224 Medical University of Vienna
    info

    Medical University of Vienna

    Viena, Austria

    GRID grid.22937.3d

  225. 225 University of Oxford
    info

    University of Oxford

    Oxford, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.4991.5

  226. 226 Institute of Food, Nutrition Development of Ministry of Agriculture
  227. 227 Chinese Center For Disease Control and Prevention
    info

    Chinese Center For Disease Control and Prevention

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.198530.6

  228. 228 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
    info

    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.410726.6

  229. 229 Center for Diabetes and Endocrine Care
  230. 230 Meharry Medical College
    info

    Meharry Medical College

    Nashville, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.259870.1

  231. 231 Academic Medical Center
    info

    Academic Medical Center

    Ámsterdam, Holanda

    GRID grid.5650.6

  232. 232 Centro di Prevenzione Cardiovascolare
  233. 233 Consejería de Sanidad, Junta de Castilla y León
  234. 234 Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
    info

    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

    Belo Horizonte, Brasil

    GRID grid.8430.f

  235. 235 Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche
    info

    Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche

    Elche, España

    GRID grid.26811.3c

  236. 236 University of the Witwatersrand
    info

    University of the Witwatersrand

    Johannesburgo, Sudáfrica

    GRID grid.11951.3d

  237. 237 University of Strasbourg
    info

    University of Strasbourg

    Estrasburgo, Francia

    GRID grid.11843.3f

  238. 238 University College Cork
    info

    University College Cork

    Cork, Irlanda

    GRID grid.7872.a

  239. 239 Institute for Medical Research
  240. 240 Beijing Tongren Hospital
    info

    Beijing Tongren Hospital

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.414373.6

  241. 241 Ministry of Health
  242. 242 University of Greenland
    info

    University of Greenland

    Nuuk, Groenlandia

    GRID grid.449721.d

Journal:
The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology

ISSN: 2213-8595

Year of publication: 2015

Volume: 3

Issue: 8

Pages: 624-637

Type: Article

Export: RIS
DOI: 10.1016/S2213-8587(15)00129-1 PMID: 26109024 SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84938199196 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor
Data source: Scopus