Worldwide trends in diabetes since 1980: A pooled analysis of 751 population-based studies with 4.4 million participants

  1. Zhou, B. 1
  2. Lu, Y. 2
  3. Hajifathalian, K. 2
  4. Bentham, J. 1
  5. Di Cesare, M. 13
  6. Danaei, G. 2
  7. Bixby, H. 1
  8. Cowan, M.J. 4
  9. Ali, M.K. 5
  10. Taddei, C. 6
  11. Lo, W.-C. 12
  12. Reis-Santos, B. 8
  13. Stevens, G.A. 4
  14. Riley, L.M. 4
  15. Miranda, J.J. 9
  16. Bjerregaard, P. 1011
  17. Rivera, J.A. 12
  18. Fouad, H.M. 4
  19. Ma, G. 13
  20. Mbanya, J.C.N. 14
  21. McGarvey, S.T. 15
  22. Mohan, V. 16
  23. Onat, A. 17
  24. Pilav, A. 18
  25. Ramachandran, A. 19
  26. Ben Romdhane, H. 20
  27. Paciorek, C.J. 21
  28. Bennett, J.E. 1
  29. Ezzati, M. 1
  30. Abdeen, Z.A. 22
  31. Kadir, K.A. 23
  32. Abu-Rmeileh, N.M. 24
  33. Acosta-Cazares, B. 25
  34. Adams, R. 26
  35. Aekplakorn, W. 27
  36. Aguilar-Salinas, C.A. 28
  37. Agyemang, C. 29
  38. Ahmadvand, A. 30
  39. Al-Othman, A.R. 31
  40. Alkerwi, A. 32
  41. Amouyel, P. 33
  42. Amuzu, A. 34
  43. Bo Andersen, L. 10
  44. Anderssen, S.A. 35
  45. Anjana, R.M. 16
  46. Aounallah-Skhiri, H. 36
  47. Aris, T. 37
  48. Arlappa, N. 38
  49. Arveiler, D. 39
  50. Assah, F.K. 14
  51. Avdicová, M. 40
  52. Azizi, F. 41
  53. Balakrishna, N. 38
  54. Bandosz, P. 42
  55. Barbagallo, C.M. 43
  56. Barceló, A. 44
  57. Batieha, A.M. 45
  58. Baur, L.A. 46
  59. Benet, M. 47
  60. Bernabe-Ortiz, A. 9
  61. Bharadwaj, S. 48
  62. Bhargava, S.K. 49
  63. Bi, Y. 50
  64. Bjertness, E. 51
  65. Bjertness, M.B. 51
  66. Björkelund, C. 52
  67. Blokstra, A. 53
  68. Bo, S. 54
  69. Boehm, B.O. 55
  70. Boissonnet, C.P. 56
  71. Bovet, P. 5758
  72. Brajkovich, I. 59
  73. Breckenkamp, J. 60
  74. Brenner, H. 61
  75. Brewster, L.M. 29
  76. Brian, G.R. 62
  77. Bruno, G. 54
  78. Bugge, A. 10
  79. De León, A.C. 63
  80. Can, G. 17
  81. Cåndido, A.P.C. 64
  82. Capuano, V. 65
  83. Carlsson, A.C. 66
  84. Carvalho, M.J. 67
  85. Casanueva, F.F. 68
  86. Casas, J.-P. 69
  87. Caserta, C.A. 70
  88. Castetbon, K. 71
  89. Chamukuttan, S. 19
  90. Chaturvedi, N. 69
  91. Chen, C.-J. 72
  92. Chen, F. 73
  93. Chen, S. 74
  94. Cheng, C.-Y. 75
  95. Chetrit, A. 76
  96. Chiou, S.-T. 77
  97. Cho, Y. 78
  98. Chudek, J. 79
  99. Cifkova, R. 80
  100. Claessens, F. 81
  101. Concin, H. 82
  102. Cooper, C. 83
  103. Cooper, R. 69
  104. Costanzo, S. 84
  105. Cottel, D. 85
  106. Cowell, C. 46
  107. Crujeiras, A.B. 86
  108. D'Arrigo, G. 87
  109. Dallongeville, J. 85
  110. Dankner, R. 76
  111. Dauchet, L. 88
  112. De Gaetano, G. 84
  113. De Henauw, S. 89
  114. Deepa, M. 16
  115. Dehghan, A. 90
  116. Deschamps, V. 71
  117. Dhana, K. 90
  118. Di Castelnuovo, A.F. 84
  119. Djalalinia, S. 91
  120. Doua, K. 92
  121. Drygas, W. 93
  122. Du, Y. 94
  123. Dzerve, V. 95
  124. Egbagbe, E.E. 96
  125. Eggertsen, R. 52
  126. El Ati, J. 97
  127. Elosua, R. 98
  128. Erasmus, R.T. 99
  129. Erem, C. 100
  130. Ergor, G. 101
  131. Eriksen, L. 10
  132. Escobedo-De La Peña, J. 25
  133. Fall, C.H. 83
  134. Farzadfar, F. 102
  135. Felix-Redondo, F.J. 103
  136. Ferguson, T.S. 104
  137. Fernández-Bergés, D. 105
  138. Ferrari, M. 106
  139. Ferreccio, C. 107
  140. Feskens, E.J.M. 108
  141. Finn, J.D. 109
  142. Föger, B. 82
  143. Foo, L.H. 110
  144. Forslund, A.-S. 111
  145. Francis, D.K. 104
  146. Do Carmo Franco, M. 112
  147. Franco, O.H. 90
  148. Frontera, G. 113
  149. Furusawa, T. 114
  150. Gaciong, Z. 115
  151. Garnett, S.P. 46
  152. Gaspoz, J.-M. 116
  153. Gasull, M. 117
  154. Gates, L. 118
  155. Geleijnse, J.M. 108
  156. Ghasemian, A. 30
  157. Ghimire, A. 120
  158. Giampaoli, S. 121
  159. Gianfagna, F. 122
  160. Giovannelli, J. 88
  161. Giwercman, A. 91
  162. Gross, M.G. 124
  163. Rivas, J.P.G. 125
  164. Gorbea, M.B. 126
  165. Gottrand, F. 127
  166. Grafnetter, D. 128
  167. Grodzicki, T. 129
  168. Grøntved, A. 10
  169. Gruden, G. 54
  170. Gu, D. 130
  171. Guan, O.P. 131
  172. Guerrero, R. 132
  173. Guessous, I. 116
  174. Guimaraes, A.L. 133
  175. Gutierrez, L. 134
  176. Hambleton, I.R. 104
  177. Hardy, R. 69
  178. Kumar, R.H. 38
  179. Hata, J. 135
  180. He, J. 136
  181. Heidemann, C. 94
  182. Herrala, S. 137
  183. Hihtaniemi, I.T. 1
  184. Ho, S.Y. 138
  185. Ho, S.C. 139
  186. Hofman, A. 90
  187. Hormiga, C.M. 140
  188. Horta, B.L. 8
  189. Houti, L. 141
  190. Howitt, C. 104
  191. Htay, T.T. 142
  192. Htet, A.S. 51
  193. Htike, M.M.T. 142
  194. Hu, Y. 2
  195. Hussieni, A.S. 24
  196. Huybrechts, I. 143
  197. Hwalla, N. 144
  198. Iacoviello, L. 84
  199. Iannone, A.G. 65
  200. Ibrahim, M.M. 145
  201. Ikeda, N. 146
  202. Ikram, M.A. 214
  203. Irazola, V.E. 134
  204. Islam, M. 147
  205. Iwasaki, M. 148
  206. Jacobs, J.M. 149
  207. Jafar, T. 75
  208. Jamil, K.M. 31
  209. Jasienska, G. 129
  210. Jiang, C.Q. 138
  211. Jonas, J.B. 150
  212. Joshi, P. 4
  213. Kafatos, A. 151
  214. Kalter-Leibovici, O. 76
  215. Kasaeian, A. 30
  216. Katz, J. 152
  217. Kaur, P. 153
  218. Kavousi, M. 214
  219. Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, S. 137
  220. Kelishadi, R. 118
  221. Kengne, A.P. 155
  222. Kersting, M. 156
  223. Khader, Y.S. 45
  224. Khalili, D. 41
  225. Khang, Y.-H. 157
  226. Kiechl, S. 158
  227. Kim, J. 159
  228. Kolsteren, P. 160
  229. Korrovits, P. 161
  230. Kratzer, W. 162
  231. Kromhout, D. 108
  232. Kujala, U.M. 163
  233. Kula, K. 164
  234. Kyobutungi, C. 165
  235. Laatikainen, T. 166
  236. Lachat, C. 89
  237. Laid, Y. 167
  238. Lam, T.H. 138
  239. Landrove, O. 168
  240. Lanska, V. 128
  241. Lappas, G. 169
  242. Laxmaiah, A. 38
  243. Leclercq, C. 170
  244. Lee, J. 171
  245. Lee, J. 159
  246. Lehtimäki, T. 172
  247. Rampal, L. 173
  248. León-Muñoz, L.M. 174
  249. Li, Y. 2
  250. Lim, W.-Y. 171
  251. Lima-Costa, M.F. 175
  252. Lin, H.-H. 7
  253. Lin, X. 176
  254. Lissner, L. 52
  255. Lorbeer, R. 178
  256. Lozano, J.E. 179
  257. Luksiene, D. 180
  258. Lundqvist, A. 166
  259. Lytsy, P. 181
  260. Machado-Coelho, G.L.L. 182
  261. Machi, S. 183
  262. Maggi, S. 184
  263. Magliano, D.J. 185
  264. Makdisse, M. 186
  265. Rao, K.M. 38
  266. Manios, Y. 187
  267. Manzato, E. 188
  268. Margozzini, P. 107
  269. Marques-Vidal, P. 189
  270. Martorell, R. 5
  271. Masoodi, S.R. 190
  272. Mathiesen, E.B. 191
  273. Matsha, T.E. 192
  274. McFarlane, S.R. 104
  275. McLachlan, S. 193
  276. McNulty, B.A. 194
  277. Mediene-Benchekor, S. 141
  278. Meirhaeghe, A. 195
  279. Menezes, A.M.B. 8
  280. Merat, S. 196
  281. Meshram, I.I. 38
  282. Mi, J. 73
  283. Miquel, J.F. 107
  284. Mohamed, M.K. 144
  285. Mohammad, K. 102
  286. Mohammadifard, N. 198
  287. Mohd Yusoff, M.F. 37
  288. Møller, N.C. 10
  289. Molnár, D. 199
  290. Mondo, C.K. 200
  291. Morejon, A. 47
  292. Moreno, L.A. 201
  293. Morgan, K. 202
  294. Moschonis, G. 187
  295. Mossakowska, M. 134
  296. Mostafa, A. 197
  297. Mota, J. 67
  298. Motta, J. 204
  299. Mu, T.T. 205
  300. Muiesan, M.L. 149
  301. Müller-Nurasyid, M. 207
  302. Mursu, J. 31
  303. Nagel, G. 209
  304. Námešná, J. 40
  305. Nang, E.E.K. 171
  306. Nangia, V.B. 210
  307. Navarrete-Muñoz, E.M. 117
  308. Ndiaye, N.C. 195
  309. Nenko, I. 129
  310. Nervi, F. 107
  311. Nguyen, N.D. 211
  312. Nguyen, Q.N. 212
  313. Nieto-Martínez, R.E. 213
  314. Ning, G. 50
  315. Ninomiya, T. 135
  316. Noale, M. 184
  317. Noto, D. 43
  318. Al Nsour, M. 214
  319. Ochoa-Avilés, A.M. 215
  320. Oh, K. 78
  321. Ordunez, P. 44
  322. Osmond, C. 216
  323. Otero, J.A. 140
  324. Owusu-Dabo, E. 217
  325. Pahomova, E. 95
  326. Palmieri, L. 121
  327. Panda-Jonas, S. 150
  328. Panza, F. 218
  329. Parsaeian, M. 30
  330. Peixoto, S.V. 175
  331. Peltonen, M. 166
  332. Peters, A. 207
  333. Peykari, N. 30
  334. Pham, S.T. 219
  335. Pitakaka, F. 220
  336. Piwonska, A. 93
  337. Piwonski, J. 93
  338. Plans-Rubió, P. 221
  339. Porta, M. 98
  340. Portegies, M.L.P. 90
  341. Poustchi, H. 102
  342. Pradeepa, R. 16
  343. Price, J.F. 193
  344. Punab, M. 161
  345. Qasrawi, R.F. 22
  346. Qorbani, M. 222
  347. Radisauskas, R. 180
  348. Rahman, M. 223
  349. Raitakari, O. 224
  350. Rao, S.R. 153
  351. Ramke, J. 220
  352. Ramos, R. 225
  353. Rampal, S. 226
  354. Rathmann, W. 227
  355. Redon, J. 228
  356. Reganit, P.F.M. 229
  357. Rigo, F. 230
  358. Robinson, S.M. 83
  359. Robitaille, C. 231
  360. Rodríguez-Artalejo, F. 174
  361. Del CristoRodriguez-Perez, M. 232
  362. Rodríguez-Villamizar, L.A. 233
  363. Rojas-Martinez, R. 12
  364. Ronkainen, K. 31
  365. Rosengren, A. 52
  366. Rubinstein, A. 134
  367. Rui, O. 234
  368. Ruiz-Betancourt, B.S. 25
  369. Horimoto, A.R.V.R. 235
  370. Rutkowski, M. 42
  371. Sabanayagam, C. 131
  372. Sachdev, H.S. 236
  373. Saidi, O. 20
  374. Sakarya, S. 237
  375. Salanave, B. 71
  376. Salonen, J.T. 238
  377. Salvetti, M. 206
  378. Sánchez-Abanto, J. 239
  379. Santos, D. 240
  380. Dos Santos, R.N. 241
  381. Santos, R. 67
  382. Saramies, J.L. 242
  383. Sardinha, L.B. 240
  384. Sarrafzadegan, N. 198
  385. Saum, K.-U. 61
  386. Scazufca, M. 169
  387. Schargrodsky, H. 243
  388. Scheidt-Nave, C. 94
  389. Sein, A.A. 142
  390. Sharma, S.K. 120
  391. Shaw, J.E. 185
  392. Shibuya, K. 244
  393. Shin, Y. 131
  394. Shiri, R. 245
  395. Siantar, R. 131
  396. Sibai, A.M. 144
  397. Simon, M. 19
  398. Simons, J. 246
  399. Simons, L.A. 154
  400. Sjostrom, M. 66
  401. Slowikowska-Hilczer, J. 164
  402. Slusarczyk, P. 203
  403. Smeeth, L. 34
  404. Snijder, M.B. 29
  405. So, H.-K. 139
  406. Sobngwi, E. 14
  407. Söderberg, S. 247
  408. Solfrizzi, V. 218
  409. Sonestedt, E. 123
  410. Soumare, A. 248
  411. Staessen, J.A. 81
  412. Stathopoulou, M.G. 195
  413. Steene-Johannessen, J. 35
  414. Stehle, P. 249
  415. Stein, A.D. 5
  416. Stessman, J. 149
  417. Stöckl, D. 207
  418. Stokwiszewski, J. 250
  419. Stronks, K. 29
  420. Strufaldi, M.W. 112
  421. Sun, C.-A. 251
  422. Sundström, J. 181
  423. Sung, Y.-T. 139
  424. Suriyawongpaisal, P. 27
  425. Sy, R.G. 229
  426. Tai, E.S. 171
  427. Tamosiunas, A. 180
  428. Tang, L. 252
  429. Tarawneh, M. 253
  430. Tarqui-Mamani, C.B. 239
  431. Taylor, A. 26
  432. Theobald, H. 66
  433. Thijs, L. 81
  434. Thuesen, B.H. 252
  435. Tolonen, H.K. 166
  436. Tolstrup, J.S. 10
  437. Topbas, M. 100
  438. Torrent, M. 254
  439. Traissac, P. 255
  440. Trinh, O.T.H. 211
  441. Tulloch-Reid, M.K. 104
  442. Tuomainen, T.-P. 31
  443. Turley, M.L. 256
  444. Tzourio, C. 248
  445. Ueda, P. 2
  446. Ukoli, F.A.M. 257
  447. Ulmer, H. 158
  448. Uusitalo, H.M.T. 172
  449. Valdivia, G. 107
  450. Valvi, D. 2
  451. Van Rossem, L. 258
  452. Van Valkengoed, I.G.M. 29
  453. Vanderschueren, D. 81
  454. Vanuzzo, D. 259
  455. Vega, T. 179
  456. Velasquez-Melendez, G. 260
  457. Veronesi, G. 122
  458. Verschuren, W.M.M. 53
  459. Verstraeten, R. 160
  460. Viet, L. 53
  461. Vioque, J. 261
  462. Virtanen, J.K. 31
  463. Visvikis-Siest, S. 195
  464. Viswanathan, B. 57
  465. Vollenweider, P. 189
  466. Voutilainen, S. 208
  467. Vrijheid, M. 262
  468. Wade, A.N. 263
  469. Wagner, A. 264
  470. Walton, J. 265
  471. Wan Mohamud, W.N. 266
  472. Wang, F. 13
  473. Wang, M.-D. 231
  474. Wang, Q. 267
  475. Wang, Y.X. 268
  476. Wannamethee, S.G. 69
  477. Weerasekera, D. 256
  478. Whincup, P.H. 269
  479. Widhalm, K. 270
  480. Wiecek, A. 79
  481. Wijga, A.H. 53
  482. Wilks, R.J. 104
  483. Willeit, J. 158
  484. Wilsgaard, T. 191
  485. Wojtyniak, B. 250
  486. Wong, T.Y. 75
  487. Woo, J. 139
  488. Woodward, M. 59271
  489. Wu, F.C. 109
  490. Wu, S.L. 74
  491. Xu, H. 272
  492. Yan, W. 273
  493. Yang, X. 119
  494. Ye, X. 176
  495. Yoshihara, A. 148
  496. Younger-Coleman, N.O. 104
  497. Zambon, S. 188
  498. Zargar, A.H. 177
  499. Zdrojewski, T. 42
  500. Zhao, W. 119
  501. Zheng, Y. 131
  502. Cisneros, J.Z. 204
  503. Show all authors +
  1. 1 Imperial College London
    info

    Imperial College London

    Londres, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.7445.2

  2. 2 Harvard University
    info

    Harvard University

    Cambridge, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.38142.3c

  3. 3 Middlesex University
    info

    Middlesex University

    Londres, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.15822.3c

  4. 4 World Health Organization
    info

    World Health Organization

    Ginebra, Suiza

    GRID grid.3575.4

  5. 5 Emory University
    info

    Emory University

    Atlanta, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.189967.8

  6. 6 University of Florence
    info

    University of Florence

    Florencia, Italia

    GRID grid.8404.8

  7. 7 National Taiwan University
    info

    National Taiwan University

    Taipéi, Taiwán

    GRID grid.19188.39

  8. 8 Universidade Federal de Pelotas
    info

    Universidade Federal de Pelotas

    Pelotas, Brasil

    GRID grid.411221.5

  9. 9 Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
    info

    Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

    Lima, Perú

    GRID grid.11100.31

  10. 10 University of Southern Denmark
    info

    University of Southern Denmark

    Odense, Dinamarca

    GRID grid.10825.3e

  11. 11 University of Greenland
    info

    University of Greenland

    Nuuk, Groenlandia

    GRID grid.449721.d

  12. 12 Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
    info

    Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública

    Cuernavaca, México

    GRID grid.415771.1

  13. 13 Peking University
    info

    Peking University

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.11135.37

  14. 14 University of Yaoundé 1
  15. 15 Brown University
    info

    Brown University

    Providence, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.40263.33

  16. 16 Madras Diabetes Research Foundation
    info

    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation

    Chennai, India

    GRID grid.429336.9

  17. 17 Istanbul University
    info

    Istanbul University

    Estambul, Turquía

    GRID grid.9601.e

  18. 18 Federal Ministry of Health
  19. 19 India Diabetes Research Foundation
    info

    India Diabetes Research Foundation

    Chennai, India

    GRID grid.479916.4

  20. 20 Université de Tunis El Manar
    info

    Université de Tunis El Manar

    Túnez, Túnez

    GRID grid.12574.35

  21. 21 University of California, Berkeley
    info

    University of California, Berkeley

    Berkeley, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.47840.3f

  22. 22 Al-Quds University
    info

    Al-Quds University

    Jerusalén Este, Territorios Palestinos

    GRID grid.16662.35

  23. 23 Monash University Malaysia
    info

    Monash University Malaysia

    Kuala Selangor, Malasia

    GRID grid.440425.3

  24. 24 Birzeit University
    info

    Birzeit University

    Bīr Zayt, Territorios Palestinos

    GRID grid.22532.34

  25. 25 Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
    info

    Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social

    Ciudad de México, México

    GRID grid.419157.f

  26. 26 University of Adelaide
    info

    University of Adelaide

    Adelaida, Australia

    GRID grid.1010.0

  27. 27 Mahidol University
    info

    Mahidol University

    Bangkok, Tailandia

    GRID grid.10223.32

  28. 28 Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán
    info

    Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán

    Ciudad de México, México

    GRID grid.416850.e

  29. 29 University of Amsterdam
    info

    University of Amsterdam

    Ámsterdam, Holanda

    GRID grid.7177.6

  30. 30 Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center
  31. 31 Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
    info

    Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research

    Ciudad de Kuwait, Kuwait

    GRID grid.453496.9

  32. 32 Luxembourg Institute of Health
    info

    Luxembourg Institute of Health

    Strassen, Luxemburgo

    GRID grid.451012.3

  33. 33 Lille University and Hospital
  34. 34 London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
    info

    London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

    Londres, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.8991.9

  35. 35 Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
    info

    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences

    Oslo, Noruega

    GRID grid.412285.8

  36. 36 National Institute of Public Health
  37. 37 Ministry of Health
    info

    Ministry of Health

    Putrajaya, Malasia

    GRID grid.415759.b

  38. 38 Indian Council of Social Science Research
    info

    Indian Council of Social Science Research

    Nueva Delhi, India

    GRID grid.453519.f

  39. 39 Strasbourg University and Hospital
  40. 40 Regional Authority of Public Health
  41. 41 Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
    info

    Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

    Teherán, Irán

    GRID grid.411600.2

  42. 42 Gdańsk Medical University
    info

    Gdańsk Medical University

    Gdansk, Polonia

    GRID grid.11451.30

  43. 43 University of Palermo
    info

    University of Palermo

    Palermo, Italia

    GRID grid.10776.37

  44. 44 Pan American Health Organization
  45. 45 Jordan University of Science and Technology
    info

    Jordan University of Science and Technology

    Irbid, Jordania

    GRID grid.37553.37

  46. 46 University of Sydney
    info

    University of Sydney

    Sídney, Australia

    GRID grid.1013.3

  47. 47 University Medical Science
  48. 48 Chirayu Medical College & Hospital
    info

    Chirayu Medical College & Hospital

    Bhopal, India

    GRID grid.488409.9

  49. 49 Sunder Lal Jain Hospital
    info

    Sunder Lal Jain Hospital

    Nueva Delhi, India

    GRID grid.451715.3

  50. 50 NO.3 People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
    info

    NO.3 People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine

    Shangai, China

    GRID grid.488513.3

  51. 51 University of Oslo
    info

    University of Oslo

    Oslo, Noruega

    GRID grid.5510.1

  52. 52 University of Gothenburg
    info

    University of Gothenburg

    Gotemburgo, Suecia

    GRID grid.8761.8

  53. 53 National Institute for Public Health and the Environment
    info

    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment

    De Bilt, Holanda

    GRID grid.31147.30

  54. 54 University of Turin
    info

    University of Turin

    Turín, Italia

    GRID grid.7605.4

  55. 55 Nanyang Technological University
    info

    Nanyang Technological University

    Singapur, Singapur

    GRID grid.59025.3b

  56. 56 Centro de Educación Médica e Investigaciones Clínicas
  57. 57 Ministry of Health
  58. 58 University of Lausanne
    info

    University of Lausanne

    Lausana, Suiza

    GRID grid.9851.5

  59. 59 Universidad Central de Venezuela
    info

    Universidad Central de Venezuela

    Caracas, Venezuela

    GRID grid.8171.f

  60. 60 Bielefeld University
    info

    Bielefeld University

    Bielefeld, Alemania

    GRID grid.7491.b

  61. 61 German Cancer Research Center
    info

    German Cancer Research Center

    Heidelberg, Alemania

    GRID grid.7497.d

  62. 62 Fred Hollows Foundation New Zealand
  63. 63 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    GRID grid.10041.34

  64. 64 Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora
    info

    Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora

    Juiz de Fora, Brasil

    GRID grid.411198.4

  65. 65 Cardiologia di Mercato S. Severino
  66. 66 Karolinska Institute
    info

    Karolinska Institute

    Estocolmo, Suecia

    GRID grid.4714.6

  67. 67 Universidade Do Porto
    info

    Universidade Do Porto

    Oporto, Portugal

    GRID grid.5808.5

  68. 68 Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
    info

    Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

    Santiago de Compostela, España

    GRID grid.11794.3a

  69. 69 University College London
    info

    University College London

    Londres, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.83440.3b

  70. 70 Associazione Calabrese di Epatologia
  71. 71 French Institute for Health Surveillance
  72. 72 Academia Sinica Grid-Computing Centre
    info

    Academia Sinica Grid-Computing Centre

    Taipei, Taiwán

  73. 73 Capital Institute of Pediatrics
    info

    Capital Institute of Pediatrics

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.418633.b

  74. 74 Kailuan General Hospital
    info

    Kailuan General Hospital

    Tangshan, China

    GRID grid.459652.9

  75. 75 Duke NUS Graduate Medical School
    info

    Duke NUS Graduate Medical School

    Singapur, Singapur

    GRID grid.428397.3

  76. 76 Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research
  77. 77 Chest Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare
    info

    Chest Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare

    Tainan, Taiwán

    GRID grid.452227.4

  78. 78 Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  79. 79 Medical University of Silesia
    info

    Medical University of Silesia

    Katowice, Polonia

    GRID grid.411728.9

  80. 80 Charles University in Prague
    info

    Charles University in Prague

    Praga, República Checa

    GRID grid.4491.8

  81. 81 University of Leuven
    info

    University of Leuven

    Lovaina, Bélgica

    GRID grid.5596.f

  82. 82 Agency for Preventive and Social Medicine
  83. 83 University of Southampton
    info

    University of Southampton

    Southampton, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.5491.9

  84. 84 Neuromed : Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo
    info

    Neuromed : Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo

    Pozzilli, Italia

  85. 85 Pasteur Institute of Lille
    info

    Pasteur Institute of Lille

    Lila, Francia

    GRID grid.8970.6

  86. 86 Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición
    info

    Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición

    Madrid, España

  87. 87 National Council of Research
  88. 88 Centre Hospitalier Regional et Universitaire de Lille
    info

    Centre Hospitalier Regional et Universitaire de Lille

    Lila, Francia

    GRID grid.410463.4

  89. 89 Ghent University
    info

    Ghent University

    Gante, Bélgica

    GRID grid.5342.0

  90. 90 Erasmus University Medical Center
    info

    Erasmus University Medical Center

    Róterdam, Holanda

    GRID grid.5645.2

  91. 91 Non Communicable Diseases Research Center
  92. 92 Ministère de la Santé et de la Lutte Contre le Sida
  93. 93 Cardinal Wyszynski Institute of Cardiology
  94. 94 Robert Koch Institute
    info

    Robert Koch Institute

    Berlín, Alemania

    GRID grid.13652.33

  95. 95 University of Latvia
    info

    University of Latvia

    Riga, Letonia

    GRID grid.9845.0

  96. 96 University of Benin
    info

    University of Benin

    Ciudad de Benín, Nigeria

    GRID grid.413068.8

  97. 97 National Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology
  98. 98 Hospital del Mar
    info

    Hospital del Mar

    Barcelona, España

    GRID grid.411142.3

  99. 99 Stellenbosch University
    info

    Stellenbosch University

    Stellenbosch, Sudáfrica

    GRID grid.11956.3a

  100. 100 Karadeniz Technical University
    info

    Karadeniz Technical University

    Trapisonda, Turquía

    GRID grid.31564.35

  101. 101 Dokuz Eylül University
    info

    Dokuz Eylül University

    Esmirna, Turquía

    GRID grid.21200.31

  102. 102 Tehran University of Medical Sciences
    info

    Tehran University of Medical Sciences

    Teherán, Irán

    GRID grid.411705.6

  103. 103 Centro de Salud Villanueva Norte
  104. 104 University of the West Indies
    info

    University of the West Indies

    Kingston, Jamaica

    GRID grid.12916.3d

  105. 105 Hospital Don Benito-Villanueva de la Serena
  106. 106 Council for Agricultural Research and Economics
  107. 107 Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
    info

    Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

    Santiago de Chile, Chile

    GRID grid.7870.8

  108. 108 Wageningen UR
    info

    Wageningen UR

    Wageningen, Holanda

    GRID grid.4818.5

  109. 109 University of Manchester
    info

    University of Manchester

    Mánchester, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.5379.8

  110. 110 Universiti Sains Malaysia
    info

    Universiti Sains Malaysia

    George Town, Malasia

    GRID grid.11875.3a

  111. 111 Luleå University of Technology
    info

    Luleå University of Technology

    Luleå, Suecia

    GRID grid.6926.b

  112. 112 Universidade Federal de São Paulo
    info

    Universidade Federal de São Paulo

    São Paulo, Brasil

    GRID grid.411249.b

  113. 113 Hospital Universitario Son Espases
    info

    Hospital Universitario Son Espases

    Palma, España

    GRID grid.411164.7

  114. 114 Kyoto University
    info

    Kyoto University

    Kioto, Japón

    GRID grid.258799.8

  115. 115 Medical University of Warsaw
    info

    Medical University of Warsaw

    Varsovia, Polonia

    GRID grid.13339.3b

  116. 116 University Hospital of Geneva
    info

    University Hospital of Geneva

    Ginebra, Suiza

    GRID grid.150338.c

  117. 117 Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Epidemiología Y Salud Pública
    info

    Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Epidemiología Y Salud Pública

    Madrid, España

    GRID grid.466571.7

  118. 118 Australian Bureau of Statistics
  119. 119 Chinese Center For Disease Control and Prevention
    info

    Chinese Center For Disease Control and Prevention

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.198530.6

  120. 120 B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences
  121. 121 Istituto Superiore di Sanità
    info

    Istituto Superiore di Sanità

    Roma, Italia

    GRID grid.416651.1

  122. 122 Università dell'Insubria
    info

    Università dell'Insubria

    Varese, Italia

    GRID grid.18147.3b

  123. 123 Lund University
    info

    Lund University

    Lund, Suecia

    GRID grid.4514.4

  124. 124 Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
    info

    Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

    Madrid, España

    GRID grid.5690.a

  125. 125 Andes Clinic of Cardio-Metabolic Studies
  126. 126 National Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology
  127. 127 Université Lille 2 Droit et Santé
    info

    Université Lille 2 Droit et Santé

    Lila, Francia

    GRID grid.16780.38

  128. 128 Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
    info

    Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine

    Praga, República Checa

    GRID grid.418930.7

  129. 129 Jagiellonian University
    info

    Jagiellonian University

    Cracovia, Polonia

    GRID grid.5522.0

  130. 130 National Center of Cardiovascular Diseases
  131. 131 Singapore Eye Research Institute
    info

    Singapore Eye Research Institute

    Singapur, Singapur

    GRID grid.272555.2

  132. 132 Universidad Icesi
    info

    Universidad Icesi

    Santiago de Cali, Colombia

    GRID grid.440787.8

  133. 133 State University of Montes Claros
  134. 134 Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy
  135. 135 Kyushu University
    info

    Kyushu University

    Fukuoka, Japón

    GRID grid.177174.3

  136. 136 Tulane University
    info

    Tulane University

    Nueva Orleans, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.265219.b

  137. 137 Oulu University Hospital
    info

    Oulu University Hospital

    Oulu, Finlandia

    GRID grid.412326.0

  138. 138 University of Hong Kong
    info

    University of Hong Kong

    Hong Kong, Hong Kong

    GRID grid.194645.b

  139. 139 Chinese University of Hong Kong
    info

    Chinese University of Hong Kong

    Sha Tin, Hong Kong

    GRID grid.10784.3a

  140. 140 Fundación Oftalmológica de Santander
  141. 141 University of Oran 1
  142. 142 Ministry of Health
  143. 143 International Agency For Research On Cancer
    info

    International Agency For Research On Cancer

    Lyon, Francia

    GRID grid.17703.32

  144. 144 American University of Beirut
    info

    American University of Beirut

    Beirut, Líbano

    GRID grid.22903.3a

  145. 145 Cairo University
    info

    Cairo University

    Guiza, Egipto

    GRID grid.7776.1

  146. 146 National Institute of Health and Nutrition
  147. 147 Aga Khan University
    info

    Aga Khan University

    Karachi, Pakistán

    GRID grid.7147.5

  148. 148 Niigata University
    info

    Niigata University

    Niigata, Japón

    GRID grid.260975.f

  149. 149 Hadassah Medical Center
    info

    Hadassah Medical Center

    Jerusalén, Israel

    GRID grid.17788.31

  150. 150 Heidelberg University
    info

    Heidelberg University

    Heidelberg, Alemania

    GRID grid.7700.0

  151. 151 University of Crete
    info

    University of Crete

    Heraklion, Grecia

    GRID grid.8127.c

  152. 152 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
  153. 153 National Institute of Epidemiology
    info

    National Institute of Epidemiology

    Chennai, India

    GRID grid.419587.6

  154. 154 Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non Communicable Disease
  155. 155 South African Medical Research Council
    info

    South African Medical Research Council

    Ciudad del Cabo, Sudáfrica

    GRID grid.415021.3

  156. 156 Research Institute of Child Nutrition
  157. 157 Seoul National University
    info

    Seoul National University

    Seúl, Corea del Sur

    GRID grid.31501.36

  158. 158 University of Innsbruck
    info

    University of Innsbruck

    Innsbruck, Austria

    GRID grid.5771.4

  159. 159 National Cancer Center
    info

    National Cancer Center

    Plainview, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.468444.e

  160. 160 Institute of Tropical Medicine
  161. 161 University of Tartu
    info

    University of Tartu

    Tartu, Estonia

    GRID grid.10939.32

  162. 162 University Hospital Ulm
    info

    University Hospital Ulm

    Ulm, Alemania

    GRID grid.410712.1

  163. 163 University of Jyväskylä
    info

    University of Jyväskylä

    Jyväskylä, Finlandia

    GRID grid.9681.6

  164. 164 Medical University of Lodz
    info

    Medical University of Lodz

    Łódź, Polonia

    GRID grid.8267.b

  165. 165 African Population and Health Research Center
    info

    African Population and Health Research Center

    Nairobi, Kenia

    GRID grid.413355.5

  166. 166 National Institute for Health and Welfare
    info

    National Institute for Health and Welfare

    Helsinki, Finlandia

    GRID grid.14758.3f

  167. 167 INSP
  168. 168 Ministerio de Salud Pública
  169. 169 Sahlgrenska Academy
  170. 170 Food and Agriculture Organization
  171. 171 National University of Singapore
    info

    National University of Singapore

    Singapur, Singapur

    GRID grid.4280.e

  172. 172 Tampere University Hospital
    info

    Tampere University Hospital

    Tampere, Finlandia

    GRID grid.412330.7

  173. 173 Universiti Putra Malaysia
    info

    Universiti Putra Malaysia

    Seri Kembangan, Malasia

    GRID grid.11142.37

  174. 174 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
    info

    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

    Madrid, España

    GRID grid.5515.4

  175. 175 Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz
    info

    Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz

    São Paulo, Brasil

    GRID grid.414358.f

  176. 176 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
    info

    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.410726.6

  177. 177 Center for Diabetes and Endocrine Care
  178. 178 University Medicine Greifswald
  179. 179 Consejería de Sanidad Junta de Castilla y León
  180. 180 Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
    info

    Lithuanian University of Health Sciences

    Kaunas, Lituania

    GRID grid.45083.3a

  181. 181 Uppsala University
    info

    Uppsala University

    Upsala, Suecia

    GRID grid.8993.b

  182. 182 Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto
    info

    Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto

    Ouro Preto, Brasil

    GRID grid.411213.4

  183. 183 Jikei University School of Medicine University Hospital
    info

    Jikei University School of Medicine University Hospital

    Tokio, Japón

    GRID grid.470100.2

  184. 184 Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
    info

    Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

    Roma, Italia

    GRID grid.5326.2

  185. 185 Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute
    info

    Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute

    Melbourne, Australia

    GRID grid.1051.5

  186. 186 Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein
  187. 187 Harokopio University
    info

    Harokopio University

    Atenas, Grecia

    GRID grid.15823.3d

  188. 188 University of Padua
    info

    University of Padua

    Padua, Italia

    GRID grid.5608.b

  189. 189 University Hospital of Lausanne
    info

    University Hospital of Lausanne

    Lausana, Suiza

    GRID grid.8515.9

  190. 190 Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences
  191. 191 UiT The Arctic University of Norway
  192. 192 Cape Peninsula University of Technology
    info

    Cape Peninsula University of Technology

    Ciudad del Cabo, Sudáfrica

    GRID grid.411921.e

  193. 193 University of Edinburgh
    info

    University of Edinburgh

    Edimburgo, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.4305.2

  194. 194 University College Dublin
    info

    University College Dublin

    Dublín, Irlanda

    GRID grid.7886.1

  195. 195 French Institute of Health and Medical Research
    info

    French Institute of Health and Medical Research

    París, Francia

    GRID grid.7429.8

  196. 196 Digestive Disease Research Institute
  197. 197 Ain Shams University
    info

    Ain Shams University

    Cairo, Egipto

    GRID grid.7269.a

  198. 198 Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center
  199. 199 University of Pecs
    info

    University of Pecs

    Pécs, Hungría

    GRID grid.9679.1

  200. 200 Mulago Hospital
    info

    Mulago Hospital

    Kampala, Uganda

    GRID grid.416252.6

  201. 201 Universidad de Zaragoza
    info

    Universidad de Zaragoza

    Zaragoza, España

    GRID grid.11205.37

  202. 202 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
    info

    Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

    Dublín, Irlanda

    GRID grid.4912.e

  203. 203 International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology
    info

    International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology

    Varsovia, Polonia

    GRID grid.419362.b

  204. 204 Gorgas Memorial Institute of Public Health
  205. 205 Department of Public Health
  206. 206 Università degli Studi di Brescia
    info

    Università degli Studi di Brescia

    Brescia, Italia

    GRID grid.7637.5

  207. 207 Helmholtz Zentrum München
    info

    Helmholtz Zentrum München

    Múnich, Alemania

    GRID grid.4567.0

  208. 208 University of Eastern Finland
    info

    University of Eastern Finland

    Kuopio, Finlandia

    GRID grid.9668.1

  209. 209 University of Ulm
    info

    University of Ulm

    Ulm, Alemania

    GRID grid.6582.9

  210. 210 Suraj Eye Institute
  211. 211 University of Pharmacy and Medicine of Ho Chi Minh City
  212. 212 Hanoi Medical University
    info

    Hanoi Medical University

    Hanói, Vietnam

    GRID grid.56046.31

  213. 213 Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado
    info

    Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado

    Barquisimeto, Venezuela

    GRID grid.412877.f

  214. 214 Eastern Mediterranean Public Health Network
  215. 215 Universidad de Cuenca
    info

    Universidad de Cuenca

    Cuenca, Ecuador

    GRID grid.442123.2

  216. 216 MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit
    info

    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit

    Southampton, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.451069.f

  217. 217 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
    info

    Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

    Kumasi, Ghana

    GRID grid.9829.a

  218. 218 University of Bari Aldo Moro
    info

    University of Bari Aldo Moro

    Bari, Italia

    GRID grid.7644.1

  219. 219 Vietnam National Heart Institute
  220. 220 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    info

    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

    Canberra, Australia

    GRID grid.1016.6

  221. 221 Public Health Agency of Catalonia
  222. 222 Alborz University of Medical Sciences
  223. 223 Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control and Research
  224. 224 University of Turku
    info

    University of Turku

    Turku, Finlandia

    GRID grid.1374.1

  225. 225 Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol
  226. 226 University of Malaya
    info

    University of Malaya

    Kuala Lumpur, Malasia

    GRID grid.10347.31

  227. 227 German Diabetes Center
  228. 228 Universitat de València
    info

    Universitat de València

    Valencia, España

    GRID grid.5338.d

  229. 229 University of the Philippines
  230. 230 Health Center
    info

    Health Center

    Walla Walla, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.475621.3

  231. 231 Public Health Agency of Canada
  232. 232 Canarian Health Service
  233. 233 Universidad Industrial de Santander
    info

    Universidad Industrial de Santander

    Bucaramanga, Colombia

    GRID grid.411595.d

  234. 234 Universidade da Madeira
    info

    Universidade da Madeira

    Funchal, Portugal

    GRID grid.26793.39

  235. 235 Heart Institute
    info

    Heart Institute

    Lufkin, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.488819.4

  236. 236 Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science and Research
    info

    Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science and Research

    Nueva Delhi, India

    GRID grid.419277.e

  237. 237 Marmara University
    info

    Marmara University

    Estambul, Turquía

    GRID grid.16477.33

  238. 238 University of Helsinki
    info

    University of Helsinki

    Helsinki, Finlandia

    GRID grid.7737.4

  239. 239 National Institutes of Health
    info

    National Institutes of Health

    Bethesda, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.94365.3d

  240. 240 Universidade de Lisboa
    info

    Universidade de Lisboa

    Lisboa, Portugal

    GRID grid.9983.b

  241. 241 Universidade de São Paulo
    info

    Universidade de São Paulo

    São Paulo, Brasil

    GRID grid.11899.38

  242. 242 South Karelia Social and Health Care District
  243. 243 Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires
    info

    Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires

    Buenos Aires, Argentina

    GRID grid.414775.4

  244. 244 University of Tokyo
    info

    University of Tokyo

    Tokio, Japón

    GRID grid.26999.3d

  245. 245 Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
    info

    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health

    Helsinki, Finlandia

    GRID grid.6975.d

  246. 246 St. Vincent's Hospital
    info

    St. Vincent's Hospital

    Suwon, Corea del Sur

    GRID grid.416965.9

  247. 247 Umeå University
    info

    Umeå University

    Umeå, Suecia

    GRID grid.12650.30

  248. 248 University of Bordeaux
    info

    University of Bordeaux

    Burdeos, Francia

    GRID grid.412041.2

  249. 249 University of Bonn
    info

    University of Bonn

    Bonn, Alemania

    GRID grid.10388.32

  250. 250 National Institute of Hygiene
  251. 251 Fu Jen Catholic University
    info

    Fu Jen Catholic University

    Taipéi, Taiwán

    GRID grid.256105.5

  252. 252 Research Centre for Prevention and Health
    info

    Research Centre for Prevention and Health

    Glostrup, Dinamarca

    GRID grid.415878.7

  253. 253 Ministry of Health
  254. 254 IB-SALUT Area de Salut de Menorca
  255. 255 Institute of Research for Development
    info

    Institute of Research for Development

    Marsella, Francia

    GRID grid.4399.7

  256. 256 Ministry of Health
  257. 257 Meharry Medical College
    info

    Meharry Medical College

    Nashville, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.259870.1

  258. 258 University Medical Center Utrecht
    info

    University Medical Center Utrecht

    Utrecht, Holanda

    GRID grid.7692.a

  259. 259 Centro di Prevenzione Cardiovascolare Udine
  260. 260 Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
    info

    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

    Belo Horizonte, Brasil

    GRID grid.8430.f

  261. 261 Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche
    info

    Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche

    Elche, España

    GRID grid.26811.3c

  262. 262 Instituto de Salud Global de Barcelona
    info

    Instituto de Salud Global de Barcelona

    Barcelona, España

  263. 263 University of the Witwatersrand
    info

    University of the Witwatersrand

    Johannesburgo, Sudáfrica

    GRID grid.11951.3d

  264. 264 University of Strasbourg
    info

    University of Strasbourg

    Estrasburgo, Francia

    GRID grid.11843.3f

  265. 265 University College Cork
    info

    University College Cork

    Cork, Irlanda

    GRID grid.7872.a

  266. 266 Institute for Medical Research
  267. 267 Xinjiang Medical University
    info

    Xinjiang Medical University

    Ürümqi, China

    GRID grid.13394.3c

  268. 268 Beijing Tongren Hospital
    info

    Beijing Tongren Hospital

    Pekín, China

    GRID grid.414373.6

  269. 269 St George's, University of London
    info

    St George's, University of London

    Londres, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.264200.2

  270. 270 Medical University of Vienna
    info

    Medical University of Vienna

    Viena, Austria

    GRID grid.22937.3d

  271. 271 University of Oxford
    info

    University of Oxford

    Oxford, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.4991.5

  272. 272 Institute of Food and Nutrition Development of Ministry of Agriculture
  273. 273 Fudan University
    info

    Fudan University

    Shangai, China

    GRID grid.8547.e

Journal:
The Lancet

ISSN: 1474-547X

Year of publication: 2016

Volume: 387

Issue: 10027

Type: Article

Export: RIS
DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00618-8 PMID: 27061677 SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84994417475 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor
Data source: Scopus