Insights into the high-energy γ-ray emission of Markarian 501 from extensive multifrequency observations in the Fermi era

  1. Abdo, A.A. 12
  2. Ackermann, M. 3
  3. Ajello, M. 3
  4. Allafort, A. 3
  5. Baldini, L. 4
  6. Ballet, J. 5
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  449. Tornikoski, M. 109
  450. Yatsu, Y. 116
  451. Zook, A. 122
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  1. 1 United States Naval Research Laboratory
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    United States Naval Research Laboratory

    Washington, Estados Unidos

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  2. 2 National Research Council Research Associate, National Academy of Sciences
  3. 3 Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics, Stanford University
  4. 4 INFN Sezione di Pisa
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    INFN Sezione di Pisa

    Pisa, Italia

    GRID grid.470216.6

  5. 5 Université Denis Diderot
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    Université Denis Diderot

    París, Francia

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  6. 6 INFN Sezione di Trieste
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    INFN Sezione di Trieste

    Trieste, Italia

    GRID grid.470223.0

  7. 7 University of Trieste
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    University of Trieste

    Trieste, Italia

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  8. 8 Rice University
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    Rice University

    Houston, Estados Unidos

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  9. 9 INFN Sezione di Padova
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    INFN Sezione di Padova

    Padua, Italia

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  10. 10 University of Padua
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    University of Padua

    Padua, Italia

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  11. 11 Università di Perugia
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    Università di Perugia

    Perugia, Italia

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  12. 12 Paul Sabatier University
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    Paul Sabatier University

    Tolosa, Francia

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  13. 13 Ohio State University
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    Columbus, Estados Unidos

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  14. 14 University of Bari Aldo Moro
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  15. 15 INFN Sezione di Bari
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    INFN Sezione di Bari

    Bari, Italia

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  16. 16 Leprince Ringuet laboratory
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    Leprince Ringuet laboratory

    Palaiseau, Francia

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  17. 17 Instituto de Ciencias del Espacio
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    Instituto de Ciencias del Espacio

    Cerdanyola del Vallès, España

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  18. 18 Goddard Space Flight Center
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    Goddard Space Flight Center

    Greenbelt, Estados Unidos

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  19. 19 University College Dublin
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    University College Dublin

    Dublín, Irlanda

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  20. 20 Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica
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    Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica

    Roma, Italia

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  21. 21 Agenzia Spaziale Italiana
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    Agenzia Spaziale Italiana

    Roma, Italia

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  22. 22 Department of Physics, Center for Space Sciences and Technology, University of Maryland Baltimore County
  23. 23 George Mason University
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    Fairfax, Estados Unidos

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  24. 24 University of Montpellier
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    Montpellier, Francia

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  25. 25 Stockholm University
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    Stockholm University

    Estocolmo, Suecia

    GRID grid.10548.38

  26. 26 Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, AlbaNova
  27. 27 University of Bordeaux
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    University of Bordeaux

    Burdeos, Francia

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  28. 28 Università di Udine
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  29. 29 Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste
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    Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste

    Trieste, Italia

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  30. 30 Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy
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    Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy

    Bonn, Alemania

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  31. 31 Hiroshima University
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    Hiroshima University

    Hiroshima, Japón

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  32. 32 Istituto di Radioastronomia di Bologna
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    Istituto di Radioastronomia di Bologna

    Bolonia, Italia

    GRID grid.437049.d

  33. 33 Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR), University of Alabama in Huntsville
  34. 34 Dr. Remeis-Sternwarte Bamberg
  35. 35 Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics
  36. 36 Universities Space Research Association (USRA)
  37. 37 Waseda University
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    Waseda University

    Tokio, Japón

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  38. 38 California Institute of Technology
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    California Institute of Technology

    Pasadena, Estados Unidos

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  39. 39 University of Maryland, College Park
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    University of Maryland, College Park

    College Park, Estados Unidos

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  40. 40 INFN Sezione di Roma II
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    INFN Sezione di Roma II

    Roma, Italia

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  41. 41 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Denver
  42. 42 Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA
  43. 43 Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics
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    Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics

    Garching bei München, Alemania

    GRID grid.450265.0

  44. 44 Max Planck Institute for Physics
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    Max Planck Institute for Physics

    Múnich, Alemania

    GRID grid.435824.c

  45. 45 University of Innsbruck
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    University of Innsbruck

    Innsbruck, Austria

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  46. 46 University of California, Santa Cruz
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    University of California, Santa Cruz

    Santa Cruz, Estados Unidos

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  47. 47 University of Washington
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    University of Washington

    Seattle, Estados Unidos

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  48. 48 Ames Research Center
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    Ames Research Center

    Mountain View, Estados Unidos

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  49. 49 NYCB Real-Time Computing Inc.
  50. 50 Jagiellonian University
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    Jagiellonian University

    Cracovia, Polonia

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  51. 51 Institute of Physics. PN Lebedev, the Russian Academy of Sciences
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    Institute of Physics. PN Lebedev, the Russian Academy of Sciences

    Moscú, Rusia

    GRID grid.425806.d

  52. 52 Department of Chemistry and Physics, Purdue University Calumet
  53. 53 Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats
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    Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats

    Barcelona, España

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  54. 54 Consorzio Interuniversitario per la Fisica Spaziale (CIFS)
  55. 55 University of Geneva
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    Ginebra, Suiza

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  56. 56 University of Rome Tor Vergata
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    University of Rome Tor Vergata

    Roma, Italia

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  57. 57 Space Science Institute
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    Space Science Institute

    Boulder, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.296797.4

  58. 58 Royal Institute of Technology
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    Royal Institute of Technology

    Estocolmo, Suecia

    GRID grid.5037.1

  59. 59 School of Pure and Applied Natural Sciences, University of Kalmar
  60. 60 Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
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    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

    Barcelona, España

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  61. 61 Università degli Studi di Siena
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    Università degli Studi di Siena

    Siena, Italia

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  62. 62 Technical University of Dortmund
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    Technical University of Dortmund

    Dortmund, Alemania

    GRID grid.5675.1

  63. 63 Universidad Complutense de Madrid
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    Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Madrid, España

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  64. 64 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias
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    Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias

    Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España

    GRID grid.17423.33

  65. 65 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    GRID grid.10041.34

  66. 66 University of Łódź
    info

    University of Łódź

    Łódź, Polonia

    GRID grid.10789.37

  67. 67 University of Turku
    info

    University of Turku

    Turku, Finlandia

    GRID grid.1374.1

  68. 68 Deutsche Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY
    info

    Deutsche Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY

    Hamburgo, Alemania

    GRID grid.7683.a

  69. 69 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich
    info

    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich

    Zúrich, Suiza

    GRID grid.5801.c

  70. 70 Universitat de Barcelona
    info

    Universitat de Barcelona

    Barcelona, España

    GRID grid.5841.8

  71. 71 University of Würzburg
    info

    University of Würzburg

    Wurzburgo, Alemania

    GRID grid.8379.5

  72. 72 Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas
    info

    Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas

    Madrid, España

    GRID grid.420019.e

  73. 73 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía
    info

    Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía

    Granada, España

    GRID grid.450285.e

  74. 74 Croatian MAGIC Consortium, Institute R. Bošković, University of Rijeka
  75. 75 Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy
    info

    Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy

    Sofía, Bulgaria

    GRID grid.425050.6

  76. 76 Brera Astronomical Observatory
    info

    Brera Astronomical Observatory

    Milán, Italia

    GRID grid.450217.5

  77. 77 University of Pisa
    info

    University of Pisa

    Pisa, Italia

    GRID grid.5395.a

  78. 78 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
    info

    Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

    Cambridge, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.455754.2

  79. 79 University of California Los Angeles
    info

    University of California Los Angeles

    Los Ángeles, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.19006.3e

  80. 80 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware
  81. 81 University of Leeds
    info

    University of Leeds

    Leeds, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.9909.9

  82. 82 Washington University in St. Louis
    info

    Washington University in St. Louis

    San Luis, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.4367.6

  83. 83 National University of Ireland, Galway
    info

    National University of Ireland, Galway

    Galway, Irlanda

    GRID grid.6142.1

  84. 84 Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum
  85. 85 Purdue University
    info

    Purdue University

    West Lafayette, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.169077.e

  86. 86 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University
  87. 87 Pennsylvania State University
    info

    Pennsylvania State University

    State College, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.29857.31

  88. 88 University of Utah
    info

    University of Utah

    Salt Lake City, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.223827.e

  89. 89 McGill University
    info

    McGill University

    Montreal, Canadá

    GRID grid.14709.3b

  90. 90 Department of Physics, Pittsburg State University
  91. 91 University of Chicago
    info

    University of Chicago

    Chicago, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.170205.1

  92. 92 University of Iowa
    info

    University of Iowa

    Iowa City, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.214572.7

  93. 93 Department of Physics and Astronomy, DePauw University
  94. 94 Iowa State University
    info

    Iowa State University

    Ames, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.34421.30

  95. 95 Department of Life and Physical Sciences, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology
  96. 96 Institute of Astronomy and Space Physics
    info

    Institute of Astronomy and Space Physics

    Buenos Aires, Argentina

    GRID grid.482261.b

  97. 97 University of Potsdam
    info

    University of Potsdam

    Potsdam, Alemania

    GRID grid.11348.3f

  98. 98 Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago
  99. 99 Department of Applied Physics and Instrumentation, Cork Institute of Technology
  100. 100 Columbia University
    info

    Columbia University

    Nueva York, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.21729.3f

  101. 101 Los Alamos National Laboratory
    info

    Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Los Álamos, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.148313.c

  102. 102 Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino
    info

    Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino

    Pino Torinese, Italia

    GRID grid.436940.c

  103. 103 University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
    info

    University of Michigan–Ann Arbor

    Ann Arbor, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.214458.e

  104. 104 Pulkovo Observatory
    info

    Pulkovo Observatory

    San Petersburgo, Rusia

    GRID grid.437494.9

  105. 105 Osservatorio Astronomico, Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta
  106. 106 Graduate Institute of Astronomy, National Central University
  107. 107 Saint Petersburg State University
    info

    Saint Petersburg State University

    San Petersburgo, Rusia

    GRID grid.15447.33

  108. 108 Abastumani Observatory, Mt. Kanobili
  109. 109 Aalto University
    info

    Aalto University

    Helsinki, Finlandia

    GRID grid.5373.2

  110. 110 Isaac Newton Institute of Chile, St. Petersburg Branch
  111. 111 Circolo Astrofili Talmassons
  112. 112 National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics
    info

    National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics

    Heróica Puebla de Zaragoza, México

    GRID grid.450293.9

  113. 113 Universidad de Guadalajara
    info

    Universidad de Guadalajara

    Guadalajara, México

    GRID grid.412890.6

  114. 114 Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania
    info

    Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania

    Catania, Italia

    GRID grid.450009.8

  115. 115 Brigham Young University
    info

    Brigham Young University

    Provo, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.253294.b

  116. 116 Tokyo Institute of Technology
    info

    Tokyo Institute of Technology

    Tokio, Japón

    GRID grid.32197.3e

  117. 117 University of Leicester
    info

    University of Leicester

    Leicester, Reino Unido

    GRID grid.9918.9

  118. 118 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Whittier College
  119. 119 Crimean Astrophysical Observatory
    info

    Crimean Astrophysical Observatory

    Bakhchisaray, Ucrania

    GRID grid.433553.7

  120. 120 Universitat de València
    info

    Universitat de València

    Valencia, España

    GRID grid.5338.d

  121. 121 University of Colorado Denver
    info

    University of Colorado Denver

    Denver, Estados Unidos

    GRID grid.241116.1

  122. 122 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Pomona College
Revista:
Astrophysical Journal

ISSN: 1538-4357

Año de publicación: 2011

Volumen: 727

Número: 2

Tipo: Artículo

Exportar: RIS
DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/727/2/129 SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84891253144 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openAcceso abierto editor
Fuente de los datos: Scopus