Globalización y condiciones de trabajo de las mujeres en la acuicultura, Puerto Morazán (Nicaragua)

  1. Gloria E. Cabrera Socorro 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01r9z8p25

Book:
XX Coloquio de Historia Canario-Americana
  1. Elena Acosta Guerrero (coord.)

Publisher: Cabildo Insular de Gran Canaria

Year of publication: 2014

Pages: 1053-1071

Congress: Coloquio de Historia Canario-Americana (20. 2012. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)

Type: Conference paper

Abstract

Women have been actively involved in the development of the shrimp aquaculture sector in Nicaragua since the early nineties in order to increase the income of their domestic units, and to try to recover from the extreme poverty they have suffered historically. Women’s first experiences in the context of the Sandinist Revolution, and the cooperative way of working were very successful in meeting their goals, despite having important problems such as a lack of scientific knowledge and experience in the field, and sexist ideologies in their community against women’s participation as workers and managers of their cooperatives, for example. After that period, the lack of easy credit, and the competence of the multinational companies in aquaculture in Puerto Morazán, has lowered dramatically their quality of life. There is more poverty, women work for substandard wages, have health problems related to their waged jobs, and there has been a loss of rights in their public spaces. In this paper, I give an anthropological analysis of these processes, including some historical data and narratives of the Puerto Morazán women collected during my fieldwork there in November and December of 2007.