The early emergence of temporal reference in mother-child multimodal communication

  1. Mercedes Amparo Muñetón Ayala
  2. María José Rodrigo López
Universitas psychologica

ISSN: 1657-9267

Year of publication: 2014

Volume: 13

Issue: 3

Pages: 1123-1134

Type: Article


More publications in: Universitas psychologica


Cited by

  • Web of Science Cited by: 0 (10-10-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 0 (23-12-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2014
  • Journal Impact Factor: 0.309
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 0.198
  • Article influence score: 0.077
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 113/129 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2014
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.269
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: Psychology (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 150/246
  • Area: Social Psychology Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 171/264


  • Social Sciences: B

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2014
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 0.7
  • Area: Psychology (all) Percentile: 29


(Data updated as of 23-12-2023)
  • Total citations: 0
  • Recent citations (2 years): 0
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 0.0


The study longitudinally explores the early emergence of temporal reference to objects/events that are either present or absent in time while mothers and children use and combine pointing and verbal references. Over one year of observations and in five separate sessions, eight Spanish mothers and their one- and two-year-old babies were observed while performing daily routines at home. The results indicated that overall mothers and children used more verbs referring to the present frame than to the past and future frames. As compared with the production of utterances accompanied by pointing, children were more likely to produce present references in the young group and displaced references (mostly near past and near future) in the older group when utterances were produced without pointing. Mothers closely preceded or accompanied the children’s verbal and gestural referential production to either immediate or displaced referents across ages, indicating that they systematically engage their children in talking about the present and especially about the future.