El papel de los hermanos en el logro de objetivos en los programas de acogimiento residencial infantil

  1. Eduardo Martín Cabrera
  2. Laura Márquez García
Journal:
Psychosocial Intervention

ISSN: 1132-0559

Year of publication: 2015

Volume: 24

Issue: 1

Pages: 27-32

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1016/J.PSI.2014.11.002 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR

Abstract

Within the child welfare system, when groups of siblings are placed in residential care it is recommended to keep them together. The goal of this work is to verify whether keeping groups of siblings together in residential care is beneficial. The sample was made up of 167 children and adolescents who lived in supervised homes; 105 (62.9%) were with siblings and 62 (37.1%) were alone. We analyzed the evolution of their scores on the monthly goal observation scale of the SERAR (Del Valle & Bravo, 2007). The results indicate that, in general, children who are with their siblings obtain more benefits than children who are alone, especially in the dimensions of the residential setting. Nevertheless, when stays are too long, social interaction within the residence worsens in the groups of siblings. These results are discussed with regard to prior research and its practical implications

Bibliographic References

  • Arranz, E. y Olabarrieta, F. (1998). Las relaciones entre hermanos. En M. J. Rodrigo y J. Palacios (Coords.), Familia y desarrollo humano (pp. 245-260). Madrid: Alianza.
  • Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas (2010). Resolución 64/142: Directrices sobre las modalidades alternativas de cuidado de los niños. Recuperado de http://www.unicef. org/spanish/videoaudio/PDFs/100407-UNGA-Res-64-142.es.pdf.
  • A. Bravo, and J.F. Del Valle Evaluación de la integración social en acogimiento residencial Psicothema 13 2001 197 204
  • A. Bravo, and J.F. Del Valle Las redes de apoyo social de los adolescentes acogidos en residencias de protección. Un estudio comparativo con población normativa Psicothema 15 2003 136 142
  • A. Bravo, and J.F. Del Valle Crisis y revisión del acogimiento residencial. Su papel en la protección infantil Papeles del Psicólogo 30 2009 42 52
  • Davidson-Arad, B. y Klein, A. (2011). Comparative well-being of Israeli youngsters in residential care with and without siblings. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 2152-2159. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.06.022.
  • Defoe, I.N., Keijsers, L., Hawk, S.T., Branje, S., Dubas, J.S., Buist, K.,... Meeus, W. (2013). Siblings versus parents and friends: longitudinal linkages to adolescent externalizing problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54, 881-889. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.111/jcpp.12049.
  • J.F. Del Valle, and A. Bravo SERAR: Sistema de Registro y Evaluación en Acogimiento Residencial 2007 NIERU Oviedo
  • Del Valle, J.F. y Bravo, A. (2013). Current trends, figures and challenges in out of home child care: An international comparative analysis. Psychosocial Intervention, 22, 251-257. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.5093/in2013a28.
  • J.F. Del Valle, and J. Fuertes El acogimiento residencial en la protección a la Infancia 2000 Pirámide Madrid
  • García, M.D. y Siverio, M.A. (2005). La tristeza en niños, adolescentes y adultos: un estudio comparativo. Infancia y Aprendizaje, 28, 453-469. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1174/021037005774518947.
  • Hegar, R.L. y Rosenthal, J.A. (2009). Kinship care and sibling placement: Child behavior, family relationship, and school outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review, 31, 670-679. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2009.01.002.
  • Hegar, R.L. y Rosenthal, J.A. (2011). Foster children placed with or separated from sibling: Outcomes based on a national sample. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 1245-1253. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.02.020.
  • Iturralde, E., Margolin, G. y Shapiro, L.A. S. (2013). Positive and negative interactions observed between siblings: moderating effects for children exposed to parents' conflict. Journal of Research in Adolescence, 23, 716-729. Recuperado de http://dx. doi.org/10.1111/jora.12020.
  • Leathers, S.J. (2005). Separation from sibling: Associations with placement adaptation and outcomes among adolescents in long-term foster care. Children and Youth Services Review, 27, 793-819. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2004.12.15.
  • Leichtentritt, J. (2013). It's difficult to be here with my sister but intolerable to be without her: Intact sibling placement in residential care. Children and Youth Services Review, 35, 762-770. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. childyouth.2013.01.022.
  • Linares, L.O. (2006). An understudied form of intra-family violence: Sibling-to-sibling aggression among foster children. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 11, 95-109. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2005.07.001.
  • Linares, L.O., Mimin, L., Shrout, P.E., Brody, G.H. y Petit, G.S. (2007). Placement shift, sibling relationship quality, and child outcomes in foster care: a controlled study. Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 736-743. Recuperado de http://dx.doi. org/10.1037/0893-3200.21.4.736.
  • M. López, J.F. Del Valle, C. Montserrat, and A. Bravo Niños que esperan. Estudio sobre casos de larga estancia en acogimiento residencial 2010 Ministerio de Sanidad y Política Social Madrid
  • Lundström, T. y Sallnäs, M. (2012). Sibling contact among Swedish children in foster and residential care-Out of home care in a family service system. Children and Youth Services Review, 34, 396-402. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. childyouth.2011.008.
  • E. Martín Apoyo social percibido en niños y adolescentes en acogimiento residencial International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy 11 2011 107 120
  • Martín, E. (2012). Residential care as a resource of the childhood welfare system: Current strengths and future challenges. In A. Muela (Ed.), Child abuse and neglect: A multidimensional approach (pp.137-160). Rijeka: InTech. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/46402.
  • Martín, E., García, M.D. y Siverio, M.A. (2012). Inadaptación autopercibida de los menores en acogimiento residencial. Anales de Psicología, 28, 541-547. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.28.2.148921.
  • Martín, E. y González, M.S. (2007). La calidad del acogimiento residencial desde la perspectiva de los menores. Infancia y Aprendizaje, 30, 25-38. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1174/021037007779849727.
  • E. Martín, T. Rodríguez, and A. Torbay Evaluación diferencial de los programas de acogimiento residencial para menores Psicothema 19 2007 406 412
  • E. Martín, A. Torbay, and T. Rodríguez Cooperación familiar y vinculación del menor con la familia en los programas de acogimiento residencial Anales de Psicología 24 2008 25 32
  • Observatorio de la Infancia Estadística básica de medidas de protección a la infancia 2012 Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad Madrid
  • Sen, R. y Broadhurst, K. (2011). Contact between children in out-of-home placements and their family and friends networks: a research review. Child and Family Social Work, 16,298-309.Recuperadodehttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2206.2010.00741.x.
  • Shlonsky, A., Elkins, J., Bellamy, J. y Ashare, C.J. (2005). Siblings in foster care. Children and Youth Services Review, 27, 693-695. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2004.12.020.
  • M. Tarren-Sweeney, and P. Hazell The mental health and socialization of siblings in care Children and Youth Services Review 27 2005 821 843
  • Wulczyn, F., Kogan, J. y Harden, B.J. (2003). Placement stability and movement trajectories. Social Service Review, 77, 212-236. Recuperado de http://dx.doi. org/10.1086/373906.