Hepatitis crónica por el Virus CDatos epidemiológicos recientes relativos a Canarias

  1. María Remedios Alemán Valls
  2. Carlos Emilio González Reimers
  3. María de Mar Alonso Socas
  4. Beatriz Alonso Álvarez
  5. Francisco Santolaria Fernández
  6. Juan Luis Gómez Sirvent
Journal:
Estudios Canarios: Anuario del Instituto de Estudios Canarios

ISSN: 0423-4804

Year of publication: 2006

Issue: 50-51

Pages: 657-667

Type: Article

Export: RIS

Abstract

Chronic hepatitis C virus infection: recent epidemiological dates from the Canary's Islands. Chronic hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is in this moment the major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocarcinoma in developed countries, being the first indication ofhepatic transplantation in Europe and United States. Probably because of its silent evolution, many people are still without diagnosis. As an emerging disease, it has reached epidemic proportions, and has become an important public health problem. The main transmission route is the parenteral one, sexual and vertical transmission being less important. Prevalence of chronic HCV infection in The Canary's Islands and continental Spain is between 2 y 3% (approxirnately 800000 persons). An additional problern is the coinfection with the human irnrnunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is associated which rnay accelerate progression to cirrhosis and end-stage liver diseases faster.