Validación de la Escala Subjetiva de Carga mental de trabajo (ESCAM) en profesionales de la salud de Chile

  1. Paula Ceballos Vásquez 1
  2. Gladys Rolo González 2
  3. Estefanía Hernández Fernaud 2
  4. María Dolores Díaz Cabrera 2
  5. Tatiana Paravic Klijn 3
  6. Mónica Burgos Moreno 3
  7. Omar A. Barriga 3
  1. 1 Universidad Católica del Maule

    Universidad Católica del Maule

    Talca, Chile


  2. 2 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España


  3. 3 Universidad de Concepción

    Universidad de Concepción

    Concepción, Chile


Universitas psychologica

ISSN: 1657-9267

Year of publication: 2016

Volume: 15

Issue: 1

Pages: 261-270

Type: Article

DOI: 10.11144/JAVERIANA.UPSY15-1.VSMW DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor


The aim of this study is to confirm the psychometric characteristics of the Subjective Mental Workload Scale (SCAM) in health workers of Chilean Hospitals. The instruments used were: (1) SCAM; (2) questionnaire SUSESO-ISTAS 21. The sample was composed of 379 workers from three hospitals. The findings showed that SCAM is structured in five dimensions: Cognitive demands and task complexity, Task characteristics, Temporal organization, Work rate, and Health consequences. Likewise, significant correlations between overall score of SCAM and its dimensions with the SUSESO-ISTAS 21 factors were found. Also, scale validity was verified through mental workload profiles with different professional groups.