Differential attribution of secondary emotions to members of the ingroup and the outgroup: infrahumanization bias in children

  1. Alexandra Chas Villar
  2. Verónica Betancor Rodríguez
  3. Armando Rodríguez Pérez
  4. Naira Delgado Rodríguez
Estudios de Psicología = Studies in Psychology

ISSN: 0210-9395

Year of publication: 2015

Volume: 36

Issue: 2

Pages: 366-388

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1080/02109395.2015.1026120 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR

More publications in: Estudios de Psicología = Studies in Psychology


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 7 (09-09-2023)
  • Dialnet Metrics Cited by: 2 (24-09-2023)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 7 (16-09-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 4 (12-04-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2015
  • Journal Impact Factor: 0.221
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 0.206
  • Article influence score: 0.108
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 122/129 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2015
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.252
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: Psychology (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 155/254

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2015
  • Journal Impact: 0.420
  • Field: PSICOLOGÍA Quartile: C2 Rank in field: 26/115


  • Social Sciences: B

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2015
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 0.8
  • Area: Psychology (all) Percentile: 29


(Data updated as of 12-04-2023)
  • Total citations: 4
  • Recent citations: 2
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 0.5


Research on infrahumanization has shown that people reserve uniquely human characteristics, including secondary emotions, for their ingroup, and deny them to their outgroup. However, this hypothesis has been corroborated almost exclusively in adults. The present research objective is to determine whether children, like adults, infrahumanize members of the outgroup. Forty-eight children in a competitive sports context were asked to attribute several secondary emotions to members of the ingroup and the outgroup. Results revealed that, like adults, children infrahumanize the outgroup. Their attributions showed a reluctance to accept the outgroup�s secondary emotions, which they reserved exclusively for the ingroup. Specifically, children attributed more positive and negative secondary emotions to the ingroup than the outgroup

Funding information

This research was supported by two research projects, PSI2009-09777 and PSI2012-34227 — Office of Scientific and Technical Research (DGICYT from the acronym in Spanish). We would also like to thank the Colegio Cisneros Alter Tenerife for their help with data collection. / Esta investigación ha sido financiada por dos proyectos de investigación, PSI2009-09777 y PSI2012-34227 — Dirección General de Investigación Científica y Técnica (DGICYT). Queremos agradecer además la colaboración del Colegio Cisneros Alter Tenerife en la recogida de datos.