Importancia diferencial de los componentes fundamentales de la esquizotipiaun metaanálisis

  1. Ascensión Ángeles Fumero Hernández 1
  2. Manuel Rodríguez 1
  3. Andrea Roa 1
  4. Wenceslao Peñate Castro 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01r9z8p25

Journal:
Revista latinoamericana de psicología

ISSN: 0120-0534

Year of publication: 2017

Volume: 49

Issue: 1-3

Pages: 5-18

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1016/j.rlp.2016.09.001 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

Abstract

Schizotypy can be understood as a disorder included in the schizophrenia spectrum or as a psychometric trait that includes three factors: cognitive-perceptual, interpersonal, and disorganised. The first relates to strange beliefs and unusual perceptual experiences; the second, with anhedonia and deficits in interpersonal relationships, and the third, disorganisation, is identified with strange thoughts, behaviours, and language. Several studies have attempted to clarify which of these dimensions is more relevant when predicting the construct. To answer this question, a meta-analysis was conducted using a systematic review of the major databases comparing schizotypy dimensions associated with different categories: structure, health, and vulnerability markers. A total of 27 studies were selected from 300 items found. The results indicate that the interpersonal dimension seems to be related to clinical symptoms, while the cognitive-perceptual dimension dominates research on vulnerability markers. Cognitive disorganisation contributes to both topics. It is concluded that the dimensions of schizotypy have a differential importance in terms of the areas of psychological functioning under study