Relevancia de la profesión en los usos del tiempo de mujeres y hombres

  1. María Pilar Matud Aznar 1
  2. María José del-Pino-Espejo 2
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España


  2. 2 Universidad Pablo de Olavide

    Universidad Pablo de Olavide

    Sevilla, España


Salud de los Trabajadores

ISSN: 1315-0138

Year of publication: 2011

Volume: 19

Issue: 2

Pages: 135-146

Type: Article


In order to examine gender differences in time-use and the relevance of profession in the women and men’s use of their time, a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. The sample consisted of 493 women and 324 men from the general population, ages 21 to 65 years, and with different sociodemographic characteristics. The study revealed that women are engaged longer than men in daily domestic work, household maintenance, child care and nursing while men spend more daily time in socializing, resting and other activities described as satisfying; these differences were statistically significant (p < .05). Analysis of variance showed an interaction between gender and profession in time spent on housework, home maintenance, child care and study. Women with higher professional qualifications dedicated more of their daily time to study and less to household chores and child care than those with less qualified jobs. In spite of this, these high-qualified women professionals spent more time on household chores and the care of their children than similarly qualified men.