Efectos del consumo de alcohol sobre el sistema cardiovascular

  1. Geraldine Quintero Platt 1
  2. Carlos Emilio González Reimers 1
  3. Melchor Angel Rodríguez Gaspar 1
  4. María Candelaria Martín González 1
  5. Lucía Romero Acevedo 1
  6. Daniel Martínez Martínez 1
  7. Iballa Jiménez Cabrera 1
  8. Francisco Santolaria Fernández 2
  1. 1 Hospital Universitario de Canarias
    info

    Hospital Universitario de Canarias

    San Cristóbal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/05qndj312

  2. 2 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01r9z8p25

Revista:
Estudios Canarios: Anuario del Instituto de Estudios Canarios

ISSN: 0423-4804

Año de publicación: 2016

Número: 60

Páginas: 49-64

Tipo: Artículo

Resumen

Alcohol intake is associated with increased oxidative stress that not only affects the liver but also affects other systems. While some studies demonstrate that moderate drinking is associated with decreased cardiovascular risk, the intake of toxic amounts of alcohol is associated with a greater incidence of vascular events. Alcohol can affect the cardiovascular system in several ways: 1. Heavy alcohol intake is associated with cardiomyopathy, usually of the dilated phenotype. This process is reversible with ethanol withdrawal or even reduction in alcohol intake 2. It is associated with arrhythmias (usually atrial fibrillation), especially when binge drinking. 3. It seems to be a risk factor for hypertension. 4. It is probably related to increased atheromatosis and vascular injury. In this review we will discuss the evidence regarding beneficial and deleterious effects of alcohol intake on the cardiovascular system.