Species composition and structure of an exotic Quercus suber stand on the island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands)

  1. José Ramón Arévalo Sierra 1
  2. Agustín Naranjo Cigala 2
  3. Marcos Salas Pascual 2
  4. Eva M. Padrón 2
  5. Aday González García 2
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01r9z8p25

  2. 2 Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

    Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

    Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01teme464

Forest systems

ISSN: 2171-5068

Year of publication: 2019

Volume: 28

Issue: 3

Pages: 2

Type: Article

DOI: 10.5424/FS/2019283-14887 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor


Aim of the study: Although introduced tree species have been recognized as adversely affecting native ecosystems, conversely, some studies suggest they can facilitate recovery and promote the establishment of native plant communities. This study tests whether a native plant community is established under the closed canopies of an exotic species by analyzing regeneration and plant species composition.Area of study: Finca de Osorio, a public property of the Cabildo de Gran Canaria included in the Doramas Rural Park (Canary Islands, Spain).Main results: The results reveal that sapling regeneration is dominated by the exotic species, though some native ones are also present. The sapling regeneration community did not differ from the tree canopy composition, so, a native plant community recovery cannot be expected to occur. In addition, other introduced species were also present in the sapling composition community.Research highlights: The laurel forest of the Canary Islands is the most emblematic plant community of the Canary Island archipelago. The studied area dominated by Q. suber does not favor the regeneration of the native plant community. Thus, restoration programs will be required to enhance the native plant community and the area covered by this highly disturbed plant ecosystem on the island of Gran Canaria.

Bibliographic References

  • Anonymous, 1986. Official's Methods of Analysis. Vol. I. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación, Madrid, Spain.
  • AOAC, 1990. Official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemist. 15th edn. Arlington, Virginia, USA.
  • Arévalo JR, Fernández-Palacios JM, 2005. Gradient analysis of exotic Pinus radiata plantations and potential restoration of natural vegetation in Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Acta Oecol 27: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2004.08.003
  • Arévalo JR, Naranjo A, Salas M, 2005. Regeneration in a mixed stand of native Pinus canariensis and introduce Pinus pinea species. Acta Oecol 28: 87-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2005.03.001
  • Arévalo JR, Fernández-Palacios JM, 2007. Treefall gaps and regeneration composition in the laurel forest of Anaga (Tenerife): a matter of size? Plant Ecol 188:133-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-006-9152-1
  • Arévalo JR, Otto R, Escudero C, Fernández-Lugo S, Arteaga M, Delgado JD, Fernández-Palacios JM, 2010a. Do anthropogenic corridors homogenize plant communities at a local scale? A case studied in Tenerife (Canary Islands). Plant Ecol 209: 23-35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-009-9716-y
  • Arévalo JR, Agudo L, Naranjo A, Salas M. 2010b. Fast invasion and progression of Acacia farnesiana in southern Gran Canaria (Canary Islands). Plant Ecol 206: 185-193. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-009-9633-0
  • Arévalo JR, Delgado JD, Fernández-Palacios JM, 2011. Regeneration of potential laurel forest under a native canopy and an exotic canopy, Tenerife (Canary Islands). Forest Syst 20: 255-265. https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2011202-10921
  • Arévalo JR, Esquivel JL, Ojeda-Land E, 2017. Socioeconomics and temperature anomalies: drivers of introduced and native plant species composition and richness in the Canary Islands. Bot Sci 95: 1-20. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.683
  • Ashton P, Gamamges S, Gunatilleke I, Gunatilleke C, 1997. Restoration of a Sri Lankan rain forest using Caribean pine (Pinus caribaea) as a nurse crop for establishing late successional tree species. J Appl Ecol 34: 915-925. https://doi.org/10.2307/2405282
  • Attiwill P, Leeper G, 1987. Forest soils and nutrient cycles. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Balcells R, Barrera JL, Gómez Saínz de Aja JA, Hernán Reguera F, Schmincke H-U, Merlos A, Ruiz García MT, Brändle JL, Meco J, Vidal Romaní JR, 1992. Gran Canaria, hoja n° 21/21 y 21-22 del Mapa geológico de España a escala 1:100.000. IGME. Ministerio de Industria y Energía. Spain.
  • Bory de Saint-Vincent JBGM, 1988. Ensayos sobre las Islas Afortunadas y la antigua Atlántida o compendio de la Historia General del Archipiélago Canario. Ediciones J.A.D.L, La Orotava, Tenerife, Spain.
  • Cueto LA, 1990. Mapa Geológico de España. Escala 1:25.000. Segunda serie-Primera edición. Instituto Tecnológico Geominero de España, Madrid, Spain.
  • Del Arco MJ, Wildpret W, Pérez-De-Paz PL, Rodríguez-Delgado O, Acebes JR, García-Gallo A, Martín VE, Reyes-Betancort JA, et al., 2006. Mapa de Vegetación de Canarias. GRAFCAN, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain.
  • Del Arco MJ, Salas M, Acebes JR, Marrero MC, Reyes-Betancort JA, Pérez De Paz PL, 2002. Bioclimatology and climatophilous vegetation of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands). Ann Bot Fennici 39: 15-41.
  • DiTomaso JM 2000. Invasive weeds in rangelands: species, impacts, and management. Weed Sci 48: 255-265. https://doi.org/10.1614/0043-1745(2000)048[0255:IWIRSI]2.0.CO;2
  • Donlan CJ, Wilcox C, 2008. Diversity, invasive species and extinctions in insular ecosystems. J Appl Ecol 45: 1114-1123. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01482.x
  • Dukes JS, Mooney HA, 1999. Does global change increase the success of biological invaders? Trends Ecol Evol 14:135-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(98)01554-7
  • Fernández-Palacios JM, Arévalo JR, 1998. Regeneration strategies of tree species in the laurel forest of Tenerife. Plant Ecol 137: 21-29. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008000330184
  • Fimbel AR, Fimbel CC, 1996. The role of exotic conifer plantations in rehabilitating degraded tropical forest lands: A case study from the Kivale Forest in Uganda. For Ecol Manag 81: 215-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(95)03637-7
  • Gauch HG Jr, 1982. Multivariate analysis in community ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Geldenhuys CJ, 1996. The Blakwood Group system: its relevance for sustainable forest management in the southern Cape. S Afr For J 178: 15-24.
  • Gurevitch J, Padilla D, 2004. Are invasive species a major cause of extinctions? Trends Ecol Evol 19: 470-474. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2004.07.005
  • Harris E, Harris J. 1997. Wildlife conservation in managed woodlands and forests. J. Wiley, New York, USA.
  • Hill MO, Gauch HJ Jr, 1980. Detrended Correspondence Analysis: an improved ordination technique. Vegetatio 42:47 58. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-9197-2_7
  • Jurgensen M, Frederick D, McMadqwick H, Oliver G, 1986. Soil development under Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus regnans plantations. NZ J Forestry Sci 16: 69-77.
  • Kaluza P, Kölzsch A, Gastner MT, Blasius B, 2010. The complex network of global cargo ship movements. J Royal Soc Interface 7: 1093-1103. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2009.0495
  • Kämmer F, 1974. Klima und vegetation auf Teneriffa, besonders im Hinblick auf den Nebelniederschalg. Scr Geobot 78: 1-19.
  • Kueffer C, Daehler C, Torres-Santana CW, Lavergne C, Meyer J., Otto R, Silva L, 2010. A global comparison of plant invasions on oceanic islands. Perspect Plant Ecol Syst 12: 145-161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppees.2009.06.002
  • Lemke D, Schweitzer CJ, Tadesse W, Wang Y, Brown JA, 2013. Geospatial assessment of invasive plants on reclaimed mines in Alabama. Invasive Plant Sci Manag 6: 401-410. https://doi.org/10.1614/IPSM-D-12-00045.1
  • Lemmon PE, 1957. A new instrument for measuring forest overstory density. Journal of Forestry 55: 667-668.
  • Lenz L, Taylor, JA. 2001. The influence of an invasive tree species (Myrica faya) on the abundance of an alien insect (Sophonia rufofascia) in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park. Biol Cons 102: 301-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(01)00103-3
  • Levine JM, D'Antonio CM, 2003. Forecasting biological invasions with increasing international trade. Conserv Biol 17: 322-326. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.2003.02038.x
  • Lin W, Zhou G, Cheng X, Xu R, 2007. Fast Economic Development Accelerates Biological Invasions in China. PLoS ONE 2: e1208. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0001208
  • Lockwood JL, Cassey P, Blackburn T, 2005. The role of prapagule pressure in explaining species invasions. Trends Ecol Evol 20: 223-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2005.02.004
  • Loumetto JJ, Huttel C, 1997. Understory vegetation in fast growing tree plantations on savanna soils in Congo. For Ecol Manag 99: 65-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00195-3
  • Lugo A, 1997. The apparent paradox of re-establishing species richness on degraded lands with tree monocultures. For Ecol Manag 99: 9-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00191-6
  • Mack RN, Simberloff D, Lonsdale WM, Evans H, Clout M, Bazzaz FA, 2000. Biotic invasions: Causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecol Appl 10: 689-710. https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[0689:BICEGC]2.0.CO;2
  • de Nascimento L, Nogué S, Criado C, Ravazzi C, Whittaker RJ, Willis KJ, Fernández-Palacios JM, 2016. Reconstructing Holocene vegetation on the island of Gran Canaria before and after human colonization. The Holocene 26: 113-125. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683615596836
  • Oliver CD, Larson BC, 1996. Forest stand dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  • Parrotta JA, 1995. Influence of overstory composition on understory colonization by native species in plantations on a degraded tropical site. J Veg Sci 6: 627-636. https://doi.org/10.2307/3236433
  • Parrotta JA, Turnbull JW, Jones N, 1997. Catalyzing native forest regeneration on degraded tropical lands. For Ecol Manag 99: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00190-4
  • Pausas JG, Pereira JS, Aronson J, 2009. The tree. In: Cork Oak Woodlands on the Edge; Aronson J, Pereira JS, Pausa JG (eds). pp: 11-21. Island Press, Washington, USA.
  • Perez-Ramos IM, Urbieta TIR, Zavala MA, Marañón T, 2008. Regeneration ecology of Quercus suber (cork oak) in southern Spain. In: Suberwood: New challenges for the integration of cork oak forests and products; Vázquez-Piqué J, Pereira H, González-Pérez A. (eds). pp 195-204. University of Huelva, Spain.
  • Pimentel D, Zuniga R, Morrison D, 2005. Update on the environmental an economic cost associated with alien-invasive species in the United States. Ecol Econ 52: 273-288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2004.10.002
  • Pyšek P, Chytrý M, Jarošik V, 2010. Habitats and land-use as determinants of plant invasions in the temperate zone of Europe. In: Bioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management and Polic; Perrings C, Mooney HA, Williamso M (eds). pp: 66-79 in, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560158.003.0006
  • Reaser JK, Meyerson LA, Cronk Q, de Poorter M, Eldrege LG, Green E, Kairo M, Latasi P, Mack RN, Mauremootoo J, et al., 2007. Economical and socioeconomic impacts of invasive alien species in island ecosystems. Environ Conserv 34: 98-111. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892907003815
  • Sánchez Díaz J, 1975. Características y distribución de los suelos en la isla de Gran Canaria. Tesis doctoral inédita. Dpto. de Edafología, Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain.
  • Santos A, 1990. Bosques de laurisilva en la región macaronésica. Colección Naturaleza y Medio ambiente, 49. Council of Europe, Strasbourg, Brussels.
  • Shackleton CM, Shackleton SE, Buiten E, Bird N, 2007. The importance of dry woodlands and forests in rural livelihoods and poverty alleviation in South Africa. Forest Policy Econ 9, 558-577. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2006.03.004
  • Sharma GP, Esler KJ, Blignaut JN, 2010. Determining the relationship between invasive alien species density and a country's socio-economic status. S Afr J Sci 106: 1-6. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajs.v106i3/4.113
  • Schupp EW, 1995. Seed seedling conflicts, habitat choice and patterns of plant recruitment. Am J Bot 82: 399-409. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1537-2197.1995.tb12645.x
  • Smith B, Wilson JB, 1996. A consumer's guide to evenness indices. Oikos 76: 70-82. https://doi.org/10.2307/3545749
  • Sutherst RW, 2000. Climate change and invasive species: A conceptual framework. In: Invasive Species in a Changing World; Mooney HA, Hobbs RJm (eds). pp:211-240 Island Press, Washington DC, USA.
  • ter Braak CJF, Šmilauer P, 1998. CANOCO Reference manual and user's guide to Canoco for Windows: Software for canonical community ordination (version 4). Microcomputer Power. Ithaca, NY, USA.
  • Weber E, Li B, 2008. Plant Invasions in China: What is to be expected in the wake of economic development? Bioscience 58: 437-444. https://doi.org/10.1641/B580511
  • Westphal MI, Browne M, MacKinnon K, Noble I, 2008. The link between international trade and the global distribution of invasive alien species. Biol Invasions 10: 391-398. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-007-9138-5
  • Whitmore J, 1999. The social and environmental importance of forest plantations with emphasis on Latin America. J Trop For Sci 11: 255-269.