Inclusión social y satisfacción vital de los jóvenes extutelados

  1. Eduardo Martín Cabrera 1
  2. Patricia González Navasa 1
  3. Elena Chirino Alemán 2
  4. José Juan Castro Sánchez 2
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España


  2. 2 Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

    Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

    Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, España


Pedagogía social: revista interuniversitaria

ISSN: 1139-1723

Year of publication: 2020

Issue: 35

Pages: 101-111

Type: Article

DOI: 10.7179/PSRI_2020.35.08 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDialnet editor

More publications in: Pedagogía social: revista interuniversitaria


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 14 (29-01-2024)
  • Dialnet Métricas Cited by: 23 (18-02-2024)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 23 (19-12-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 11 (24-01-2024)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2020
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.166
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: Sociology and Political Science Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 891/1415
  • Area: Education Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 1140/1693

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Impact: 0.860
  • Field: EDUCACIÓN Quartile: C1 Rank in field: 46/240


  • Social Sciences: B

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2020
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 0.5
  • Area: Sociology and Political Science Percentile: 34
  • Area: Education Percentile: 24

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.18
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 607/724


(Data updated as of 24-01-2024)
  • Total citations: 11
  • Recent citations (2 years): 7


The need to accord attention to care leavers has gained recognition in legislative terms, given that research has proven that this group faces a high risk of social exclusion. The aim of this article is to deepen knowledge of social inclusion and life satisfaction of youngsters who abandoned residential care resources and reached the age of majority. For that purpose, phone interviews were conducted to 117 youngsters who had formerly been provided with residential care and were between 18 and 26 years old at the time of the survey. The outcome showed that the majority returns to their families, which are their main source of support. On the other side, it has been proved that this group of people present low qualifications, employability and incomes. Moreover, their life satisfaction is also very low. The results are discussed with regards to previous research and legislative initiatives which are implemented in order to cater for this group.

Funding information


Bibliographic References

  • Alonso, E., Santana, L. E., & Feliciano, L. (2018). Trayectorias de empleabilidad de los jóvenes que abandonan el sistema de protección. Educatio Siglo XXI, 36, 485-504.
  • Arnau, L., & Gilligan, R. (2015). What helps young care leavers to enter the world of work? Possible lessons learned from Ireland and Catalonia. Children and Youth Services Review, 53, 185-191.
  • Balsells, M.A., Pastor, C., Matos, A., Vaquero, E., & Urrea, A. (2015). Exploring the needs of parents for achieving reuni¬fication: the views of foster children, birth family and social workers in Spain. Children and Youth Services Review, 48, 159-166.
  • Bravo, A., & Del Valle, J.F. (2003). Las redes de apoyo social de los adolescentes acogidos en residencias de protección. Un análisis comparativo con población normativa. Psicothema, 15, 136-142.
  • Butterworth, S., Singh, S. P., Birchwood, M., Islam, Z., Munro, E., Vostanis, P., …Simkiss, D. (2017). Transitioning care-lea¬vers with mental health needs: ‘they set you up to fail!’ Child and Adolescent Mental Health 22, 138–147. https://doi. org/10.1111/camh.12171
  • Campbell, A., Converse, P. E., & Rodgers, W. L. (1976). The quality of american life: Perceptions, evaluations and satis¬faction. Nueva York: Russell Sage.
  • Casas, F., Fernández-Artamendi, S., Montserrat, C., Bravo, A., Bertrán, I., & Del Valle, J.F. (2013). El bienestar subjetivo en la adolescencia: estudio comparativo de dos comunidades autónomas en España. Anales de Psicología, 29, 148- 158. 10.6018/analesps.29.1.145281
  • Comasòlivas, A., Sala, J., & Marzó, T.E. (2018). Los recursos residenciales para la transición hacia la vida adulta de los jóvenes tutelados en Cataluña. Pedagogía Social. Revista Interuniversitaria, 31, 125-137. PSRI_2018.31.10
  • Courtney, M., Dworsky, A., Lee, J., & Raap, M. (2010). Midwest evaluation of adult functioning of former youth: outcomes at ages 23 and 24. Chicago: ChapinHall at the University of Chicago.
  • Cuenca, M. E., Campos, G., & Goig, R. M. (2018). El tránsito a la vida adulta de los jóvenes en acogimiento residencial: el rol de la Familia. Educación XX1, 21, 321-344. 10.5944/educXX1.16510
  • Del Valle, J. F., & Bravo, A. (2013). Current trends, figures and challenges in out of home child care: An international comparative analysis. Psychosocial Intervention, 22, 251-257.
  • Del Valle, J.F., Bravo, A., Alvarez, E., & Fernanz, A. (2008). Adult self-sufficiency and social adjustment in care leavers from children homes: a long-term assessment. Child and Family Social Work, 13, 12-22. 2206.2007.00510.x
  • Del Valle, J. F., Bravo, A., Martínez, M., & Santos, I. (2012). Estándares de calidad en acogimiento residencial: EQUAR. Madrid: Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad.
  • Dixon, J. (2016). Opportunities and challenges: supporting journeys into education and employment for young people leaving care in England. Revista Española de Pedagogía, 263, 13-29.
  • Dregan, A., & Gulliford, M. C. (2012). Foster care, residential care and public care placement patterns are associated with adult life trajectories: population-based cohort study. Social Psychiatric and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47, 1517- 1526.
  • Dumart, A. C., Donati, P., & Crost, M. (2011). After a long-term placement: investigating educational achievement, behaviour and transition to independent living. Children and Society, 25, 215-227. 0860.2009.00283.x
  • Goig, R., & Martínez, I. (2019). La transición a la vida adulta de los jóvenes extutelados. Una Mirada hacia la dimension “vida residencial”. Bordón, 71, 71-84.
  • González-García, C., Bravo, A., Arruabarrena, M.I., Martín, E., Santos, I., & Del Valle, J.F. (2017). Emotional and behavioral problems of children in residential care: Screening detection and referrals to mental health services. Children and Youth Services Review, 73, 100-106.
  • Jariot, M., Sala, J., & Arnau, L. (2015). Jóvenes tutelados y transición a la vida independiente: indicadores de éxito. Re¬vista Española de Orientación y Psicopedagogía, 26, 90-103.
  • Jozefiak, T., Kayed, N. S., Rimehaug, T., Wormdal, W., Brubakk, A. M., & Wichstrom, L. (2016). Prevalence and comorbidity of mental disorders among adolescents living in residential youth care. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 25, 33-47.
  • Leloux-Opmeer, H., Kuiper, C., Swaab, H., & Scholte, E. (2016). Characteristics of children in foster care, family-style group care, and residential care: a scoping review. Child and Family Studies, 25, 2357-2371. s10826-016-0418-5
  • Llosada-Gistau, J., Montserrat, C., & Casas, F. (2015). The subjective well-being of adolescents in residential care com¬pared to that of the general population. Children and Youth Services Review, 52, 150-157. childyouth.2014.11.007
  • López, M., Santos, I., Bravo, A., & Del Valle, J. F. (2013). El proceso de transición a la vida adulta de jóvenes acogidos en el sistema de protección infantil. Anales de Psicología, 29, 187-196.
  • Martín, E., & Dávila, L. M. (2008). Redes de apoyo social y adaptación de los menores en acogimiento residencial. Psi¬cothema, 20, 229-235.
  • Martín, E., Muñoz de Bustillo, M. C., Rodríguez, T., & Pérez, Y. (2008). De la residencia a la escuela: la integración social de los menores en acogimiento residencial con el grupo de iguales en el contexto escolar. Psicothema, 20, 376-382.
  • Martín, E., & Suárez, H. (2018). La investigación en desprotección infantil. Cuadernos de Trabajo Social, 31, 189-198.
  • Martín, E., Rodríguez, T., & Torbay, A. (2007). Evaluación diferencial de los programas de acogimiento residencial para menores. Psicothema, 19, 406-412.
  • Martín, E., Torbay, A., & Rodríguez, T. (2008). Cooperación familiar y vinculación del menor con la familia en los progra¬mas de acogimiento residencial. Anales de Psicología, 24, 25-32.
  • Melendro, M. (2011). El tránsito a la vida adulta de los jóvenes en dificultad social: la incidencia de la intervención socioeducativa y la perspectiva de profesionales y empresarios. Revista de Educación, 356, 327-352. https://doi. org/10-4438/1988-592X-RE-2010-356-042
  • Melkman, P. (2017). Childhood adversity, social support networks and well-being among youth aging out of care: an exploratory study of mediation. Child Abuse and Neglect, 72, 85-97.
  • Montserrat, C., Casas, F., & Malo, S. (2013). Delayed educational pathways and risk of social exclusion: the case of young people from public care in Spain. European Journal of Social Work 16, 6–21. 722981
  • Observatorio de la Infancia (2018). Boletín Nº 20 de datos estadísticos de medidas de protección a la infancia. Madrid: Ministerio de Sanidad, Consumo y Bienestar Social.
  • Portwood, S. G., Boyd, S. A., Nelson, E. B., Murdock, T. B., Hamilton, J., & Miller, A. D. (2018). A comparison of outcomes for children and youth in foster and residential group care across agencies. Children and Youth Services Review, 85, 19-25.
  • Samuels, G.M., & Pryce, J.P. (2008). What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger. Survivalist self-reliance as resilience and risk among young adults aging out of foster care. Children and Youth Services Review, 30, 1198-1210. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2008.03.005
  • Sulimani-Aidan, Y. (2014). Care leavers’ challenges in transition to independent living. Children and Youth Services Re¬view, 46, 38-46.