Study of the current vegetation of the historical lava flows of the Arafo Volcano, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

  1. Victoria Eugenia Martín Osorio 1
  2. Wolf Hermann Wildpret Martín 2
  3. Rocío González Negrín 1
  4. Wolfredo Wildpret de la Torre 1
  1. 1 Ecology and Plant Physiology Department. La Laguna University.
  2. 2 University of Fribourg
    info

    University of Fribourg

    Friburgo, Suiza

    GRID grid.8534.a

Journal:
Mediterranean Botany

ISSN: 2603-9109

Year of publication: 2020

Volume: 41

Issue: 2

Pages: 193-212

Type: Article

Export: RIS
DOI: 10.5209/mbot.68087 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

Metrics

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Impact Factor: 0.842
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: PLANT SCIENCES Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 202/235 (Ranking edition: SCIE)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2020
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.189
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: Ecology Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 312/392
  • Area: Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 575/658
  • Area: Plant Science Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 395/472

CiteScore

  • Year 2020
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 1.3
  • Area: Plant Science Percentile: 40
  • Area: Ecology Percentile: 35
  • Area: Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics Percentile: 31

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.33
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: PLANT SCIENCES Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 179/251

Abstract

Vegetation research on the lava flows of the historic volcanic eruption of 1705 in Arafo, Tenerife, Canary Islands, is presented. The study area located in the 830000-year-old valley of Güímar was created after a massive landslide 47 km3 in volume. The research is divided into three parts, which cover an altitudinal range from around 35 to 1583 m a.s.l. from the Lower-semiarid Inframediterranean up to the Lower-dry lower-Mesomediterranean bioclimatic belts. First, a phytosociological study of the vegetation present in the area was made and concluded that richness in pioneer communities form a vegetation complex with a high degree of endemicity. Two new associations and four pioneer communities are proposed. Especially notable are the communities of Stereocauletum vesuviani and the pioneer communities of Pinus canariensis. The second part of the research was a field sampling study of 450 individuals of Pinus canariensis, which were measured at different altitudes to obtain data about the colonization dynamics of this species on this 300 years old substrate. We found that stem diameter seems to be a good indicator for healthy tree development at a range between 700 to 1300 m asl, which corresponds to the pine forest as potential vegetation and that many individuals show signs of nutrient deficiency. The third part consists of the publication of two new populations of the Canarian endemism Himantoglossum metlesicsianum, a highly endangered orchid. The monitoring of these two populations has recently begun, and further research will be conducted on all three aspects of this publication, which will be presented and expanded upon in the future.

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