Bartonella species and haplotypes in rodents and their fleas in Lanzarote and El Hierro in the Canary Islands, Spain

  1. Martin‐Carrillo, Natalia 11
  2. Izquierdo‐Rodriguez, Elena 11
  3. Abreu‐Yanes, Estefanía 11
  4. Foronda, Pilar 11
  5. Abreu‐Acosta, Néstor
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01r9z8p25

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Vector Ecology

ISSN: 1081-1710 1948-7134

Datum der Publikation: 2020

Ausgabe: 45

Nummer: 2

Seiten: 254-261

Art: Artikel

DOI: 10.1111/JVEC.12396 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen Access editor

Andere Publikationen in: Journal of Vector Ecology

Objetivos de desarrollo sostenible

Zusammenfassung

Because isolated ecosystems contribute to species variability, especially oceanic island ecosystems, the present work focused on the study of the Bartonella species and haplotypes in Lanzarote and El Hierro, two Canary islands with evident bioclimatic dierences between them. A total of 123 rodents and 110 eas from two islands were screened for the presence of Bartonella by PCR analysis of the gltA and nuoG genes. e overall prevalence was 5.7% in rodents and 20.4% in eas. A total of seven gltA-haplotypes was found in both rodents and eas, belonging to the species Bartonella mastomydis and Bartonella tribocorum in Lanzarote, and to Bartonella rochalimae and Bartonella elizabethae in El Hierro, as well as recently described species Bartonella kosoyi in both islands. Besides, potential co-infections were detected based on the nuoG analysis. Further, Xenopsylla cheopis was the only ea species identied. Our study shows that isolated ecosystems such as the Canary Islands lead to the appearance of new Bartonella haplotypes along dierent biotopes, with diverse ea species involved in the spreading of the pathogen being of great relevance due to the zoonotic potential of the species found.

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