Stress and Psychological Distress in Emerging Adulthood: A Gender Analysis

  1. Bethencourt, Juan Manuel 1
  2. Matud, M. Pilar 1
  3. Díaz, Amelia
  4. Ibáñez, Ignacio 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    GRID grid.10041.34

Journal:
Journal of Clinical Medicine

ISSN: 2077-0383

Year of publication: 2020

Volume: 9

Issue: 9

Pages: 2859

Type: Article

Export: RIS
DOI: 10.3390/jcm9092859 GOOGLE SCHOLAR

Metrics

Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 4 (22-10-2021)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Impact Factor: 4.241
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: MEDICINE, GENERAL & INTERNAL Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 39/169 (Ranking edition: SCIE)

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 1.24
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: MEDICINE, GENERAL & INTERNAL Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 35/315

Abstract

Emerging adulthood is a critical period of life that entails many life transitions in living arrangements, relationships, education and employment, which can generate stress and psychological distress in the emerging adult. The aim of the present study was to assess the relevance of stress, coping styles, self-esteem and perceived social support in the distress of emerging adult women and men. The sample consists of 4816 people (50% females) from the Spanish general population, ranging in age from 18 to 29 years old. All participants were assessed through questionnaires and scales that assess psychological distress, stress, coping styles, self-esteem and social support. Women scored higher than men in psychological distress, chronic stress, minor daily hassles, emotional coping style and social support, whereas men scored higher than women in rational and detachment coping styles and in self-esteem. Psychological distress was significantly predicted in women and men by high emotional coping style, lower self-esteem, high number of life events, and less social support. Another statistically significant predictor in men was less detachment coping style, whereas in women it was high chronic stress. The results of this research are relevant to healthcare professionals interested in improving the mental health of the emerging adult.

Bibliographic References

  • 10.1016/S2215-0366(14)00080-7
  • Arnett, (2015)
  • 10.1037/0003-066X.55.5.469
  • 10.1111/sjop.12478
  • Arnett, (2011), pp. 255
  • Bonnie, (2015)
  • 10.15241/jal.5.1.15
  • 10.1037/abn0000410
  • 10.1037/abn0000362
  • 10.1002/jcad.12153
  • 10.1186/1471-2288-10-68
  • 10.1177/0020764011418404
  • Mirowsky, (2003)
  • 10.1348/135910709X457423
  • 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112641
  • 10.1108/17465721211261932
  • 10.1007/s10597-019-00519-0
  • 10.1016/S0277-9536(01)00056-9
  • 10.1016/j.jad.2017.12.005
  • 10.1080/10705500802365482
  • 10.1080/10615806.2016.1228904
  • 10.1177/2470547020905787
  • 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.08.004
  • Lazarus, (1984)
  • 10.1177/2167696818813286
  • 10.1177/2167702613499329
  • 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2005.00336.x
  • 10.2307/2136676
  • 10.2307/2136956
  • 10.1002/pon.1836
  • 10.2307/2136617
  • 10.1016/j.jad.2014.12.049
  • 10.1037/0021-843X.90.4.365
  • 10.1177/0020764014564801
  • 10.1177/0022146515583992
  • Turner, (2010), pp. 3
  • 10.1037/0022-3514.95.3.695
  • 10.1037/a0015922
  • 10.1007/s10804-018-09324-7
  • (2010)
  • 10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.05.001
  • 10.2471/BLT.18.211607
  • Norona, (2010), pp. 62
  • 10.1017/S0033291700021644
  • Goldberg, (1972)
  • 10.1016/0191-8869(93)90003-L
  • Matud, (2003), Análisis y Modificación de Conducta, 29, pp. 51
  • Social Support Scale. PsycTESTShttp://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t12441-000
  • Cohen, (1988)
  • 10.1007/s10964-009-9415-y
  • 10.1023/A:1009584202196
  • 10.3390/ijerph16030341
  • 10.1177/002214650604700401
  • 10.1037/a0015731
  • 10.1037/1072-5245.15.3.222
  • Barrera-Herrera, (2019), Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica, 24, pp. 105
  • 10.1016/j.paid.2004.01.010
  • 10.1111/bjso.12240