The demography of the Canary Islands from a genetic perspective

  1. Fregel, Rosa 1
  2. Ordóñez, Alejandra C 11
  3. Serrano, Javier G 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    GRID grid.10041.34

Journal:
Human Molecular Genetics

ISSN: 0964-6906

Year of publication: 2020

Type: Article

Export: RIS
DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddaa262 GOOGLE SCHOLAR

Metrics

Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 0 (09-09-2021)

Journal Citation Reports

(Indicator corresponding to the last year available on this portal, year 2019)
  • Year 2019
  • Journal Impact Factor: 5.1
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: GENETICS & HEREDITY Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 27/177 (Ranking edition: SCIE)
  • Area: BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 53/297 (Ranking edition: SCIE)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2020
  • SJR Journal Impact: 2.811
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: Genetics (clinical) Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 8/96
  • Area: Genetics Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 32/340
  • Area: Molecular Biology Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 53/402
  • Area: Medicine (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 84/2448

CiteScore

  • Year 2020
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 9.0
  • Area: Genetics (clinical) Percentile: 90
  • Area: Genetics Percentile: 88
  • Area: Molecular Biology Percentile: 84

Abstract

The establishment of European colonies across the world had important demographic consequences because it brought together diverse and distant civilizations for the first time. One clear example of this phenomenon is observed in the Canary Islands. The modern Canarian population is mainly the result of the admixture of natives of North African origin and European colonizers. However, additional migratory flows reached the islands due to the importation of enslaved Africans to cultivate sugarcane and the intense commercial contact with the American continent. In this review, we evaluate how the genetic analysis of indigenous, historical and current populations has provided a glimpse into the Canary Islands’ complex genetic composition. We show that each island subpopulation’s characterization is needed to fully disentangle the demographic history of the Canarian archipelago. Finally, we discuss what research avenues remain to be explored to improve our knowledge of the impact that the European colonization had on its native population.

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