Endophytic Fungi from Artemisia Spp. — enemies of Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum

  1. Cosoveanu Andreea
  2. Rodriguez Sabina Samuel 1
  3. Espinel Guerra Guacimara 1
  4. Cabrera Raimundo 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01r9z8p25

Proceedings:
Protecția Plantelor în Agricultura Convențională și Ecologică 2018 (2018. Moldova)

Year of publication: 2018

Pages: 175-179

Type: Conference paper

Abstract

Fungal endophytes were isolated from 12 Artemisia species. 57 strains were evaluatedfor their antagonist traits against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and 33 of them were consideredbioactive. Almost all strains in Aspergillus taxa (3 of 4 species) performed as rapid colonizers ofthe substrate in the dual culture interaction. Both strains identified as Epicoccum nigrumdetained pathogen growth at > 2 mm. Of 19 endophytic fungal solvent extracts two strainsidentified as Alternaria alternata and Stemphylium sp. inhibited mycelial growth in biometricassay with 42.40% and 81.41%, respectively (at [C] = 1%). Almost 4 times more strains werefound as potential antagonists than as bio - sources of solvent extracted active metabolites (33strains versus 8).

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