Parental Self-regulation and the Promotion of Healthy Routines in Early Childhood

  1. Rodrigo, María J. 1
  2. Callejas, Enrique 1
  3. Byrne, Sonia 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España


Journal of Child and Family Studies

ISSN: 1062-1024

Year of publication: 2021

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1007/S10826-021-01981-9 GOOGLE SCHOLAR

More publications in: Journal of Child and Family Studies


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 1 (08-01-2023)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 1 (06-01-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2021
  • Journal Impact Factor: 2.784
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 2.633
  • Article influence score: 0.756
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: FAMILY STUDIES Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 14/48 (Ranking edition: SSCI)
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, DEVELOPMENTAL Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 42/78 (Ranking edition: SSCI)
  • Area: PSYCHIATRY Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 90/143 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2021
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.842
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: Developmental and Educational Psychology Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 111/350
  • Area: Life-span and Life-course Studies Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 15/54


  • Social Sciences: A

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2021
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 3.5
  • Area: Developmental and Educational Psychology Percentile: 67
  • Area: Life-span and Life-course Studies Percentile: 66

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2021
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.73
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: PSYCHIATRY Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 126/258
  • Area: FAMILY STUDIES Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 30/67
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, DEVELOPMENTAL Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 52/92


Parental self-regulation comprises the intrapersonal capacities that enable parents’ adaptive responses to the multipledemands of parenting a child. In spite of the centrality of this construct in theory, there is scarce evidence documenting itsrole in the promotion of healthy daily activities for young children. We conducted a cross-sectional study to examineassociations between parent self-regulation and healthy attachment, feeding, play, and sleeping activities. We furtherexplored variability in the associative patterns and the potential contribution of child characteristics and satisfaction with thesupport received in health care services. Participants were 181 parents with children <36 months old attending 20 primarycare centers. Each completed self-report measures on parental self-regulation, healthy activities, child health status,developmental adjustment, and satisfaction with the health care services. Cluster analyses identified three patterns of selfregulation and performance of healthy activities: Positive (n = 92), characterized by high self-sufficiency and selfmanagement, moderate self-efficacy and parental agency, and high frequency of healthy activities in activities for all fourdomains (attachment, feeding, play, and sleeping); Mixed (n = 43), characterized by high self-efficacy and parental agencyand low frequency of healthy play activities; and Negative (n = 46), characterized by overall low self-regulation, and lowfrequency of healthy attachment, feeding, and sleeping activities. Multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that amodel comprising the child’s poor developmental adjustment coupled with less satisfaction and discontent with the serviceincreased the likelihood of belonging to the Mixed or Negative cluster as compared to the Positive cluster. Theimplementation of effective support provision should aim to promote parental self-regulation and satisfaction with theservice as promoters and co-responsible agents for the health and well-being of their children according to theirdevelopmental needs.

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