Psychometric Properties of the Revised Child Mathematics Anxiety Questionnaire (CMAQ-R) for Spanish Speaking Children

  1. Bárbara Guzmán
  2. Cristina Rodríguez Rodríguez
  3. Roberto A. Ferreira
  4. Juan Andrés Hernández Cabrera
Psicología educativa

ISSN: 1135-755X

Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 115-122

Type: Article

DOI: 10.5093/PSED2020A17 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor


Mathematics anxiety (MA) has primarily been studied in adults and children over 8 years of age in English-speaking countries. Few studies have examined MA in younger children and in Spanish-speaking contexts due to the lack of suitable instruments. In the present study we examine the psychometric properties of the Child Mathematics Anxiety Questionnaire (CMAQ-R), an instrument widely used in English-speaking primary school children. A total of 810 Chilean second-grade students (50% boys) from different school types (26% public, 11% private, 63% private-subsidised) completed a Spanish version of CMAQ-R. The results showed adequate internal consistency in line with the original instrument. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that scores from the CMAQ-R version best fit a two correlated-factor structure, which was invariant across gender and school type. This study offers evidence regarding the usefulness of the CMAQ-R in contexts culturally different to the original and supports the multidimensionality of MA

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