Ofrendas en el Inframundoel Libro de las Doce Cavernas en el Osireion de Abidos

  1. Daniel Miguel Méndez Rodríguez 1
  1. 1 Escuela Universitaria de Turismo de Santa Cruz de Tenerife (España)
Trabajos de Egiptología=Papers on Ancient Egypt

ISSN: 1695-4750

Year of publication: 2020

Issue: 11

Pages: 189-214

Type: Article

DOI: 10.25145/J.TDE.2020.11.12 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openRIULL editor

More publications in: Trabajos de Egiptología=Papers on Ancient Egypt


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Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Impact: 0.000
  • Field: ESTUDIOS ÁRABES, HEBREOS Y ORIENTALES Quartile: C4 Rank in field: 12/17
  • Field: FILOLOGÍAS Quartile: C4 Rank in field: 261/327


  • Human Sciences: C


(Data updated as of 15-04-2023)
  • Total citations: 0
  • Recent citations: 0
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 0.0


The Book of the Twelve Caverns consists of a litany of deities who inhabited these mythical regions of the Beyond. The versatility of its cosmographic nature enabled its use and adaptation to different contexts. It was used in certain liturgical ceremonies in temples and also in a funerary sphere related to the burial equipment of certain deceased individuals in order to help them in their journey through the caverns of the Duat. The version of the composition inscribed in the south chamber of the Osireion in Abydos is, beyond any doubt, the most completed copy hitherto preserved. It can be dated to the reign of Merenptah (c. 1213-1203 BC). The aim of this paper is to present the main features of this example of the book. Its specific features will be highlighted, as well as its textual and iconographic adaptation to the cultic sphere. The absence of differentiation in some aspects to the funerary versions of the book will also be underlined. The composition will be analysed in the architectonical context of the chamber and, at a more general level, in the iconographic programme of the Osirian underground complex. Finally, the relationship with some other sources throughout the history of the book’s transmission will be detailed.