Lipid characterization of 14 macroalgal species from Madeira Archipelago: implications for animal and human nutrition

  1. Acosta, Nieves G. 1
  2. Nunes, Nuno 23
  3. Reis, Diana B. 1
  4. Galindo, Ana 1
  5. Abdul-Jalbar, Beatriz 4
  6. Rodríguez, Inés 1
  7. Pérez, José A. 1
  8. Zárate, Rafael 5
  9. Pinheiro de Carvalho, Miguel A. A. 236
  10. Rodríguez, Covadonga 1
  1. 1 Departamento de Biología Animal , Edafología y Geología, Universidad de La Laguna , Avenida Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez s/n , 38206 La Laguna , Tenerife , Spain
  2. 2 ISOPlexis Center, University of Madeira, Campus da Penteada , 9020-105 Funchal , Portugal
  3. 3 Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro , 5000-801 Vila Real , Portugal
  4. 4 Departamento de Matemáticas , Estadística e Investigación Operativa. Universidad de La Laguna , 38206 La Laguna , Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands , Spain
  5. 5 Canary Islands Cancer Research Institute Foundation (FICIC) , Avenida La Trinidad 61 , Torre A. Arévalo, 7th floor , 38204 La Laguna , Tenerife , Spain
  6. 6 Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Madeira, Campus da Penteada , 9020-105 Funchal , Portugal
  7. 7 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España


Botanica Marina

ISSN: 0006-8055 1437-4323

Year of publication: 2022

Volume: 65

Issue: 1

Pages: 51-67

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1515/BOT-2021-0024 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Botanica Marina


The lipid and fatty acid profiles of 14 marine macroalgal species from the Madeira Archipelago, including two green (Ulvales and Dasycladales), three red (Corallinales, Bonnemaisoniales, and Ceramiales) and nine brown (Fucales, Dictyotales, and Sphacelariales) species were characterised in order to determine their potential use for animal and human nutrition. The total lipid content of species analysed was generally low, varying from 0.2 to 5.2% of dry weight. All species presented an omega 6/omega 3 (n-6/n-3) ratio lower than 10, as recommended by the World Health Organization for proper human health. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), including linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid were exceptionally high in the green macroalga Ulva sp. Red macroalgae were rich in n-3 long-chain PUFA, particularly Asparagopsis taxiformis, which contained 6.6% of docosahexaenoic acid, and Halopithys incurva with 9.3% of eicosapentaenoic acid. Within Ochrophyta, Dictyota dichotoma is an interesting source of n-3 PUFA due to its high stearidonic acid proportion (8.0%). In addition, H. incurva contained a high proportion of both mono- and digalactosyldiacylglycerols. According to their lipid profiles, most macroalgae analysed might be considered of particular interest for their potential exploitation for human nutrition and livestock and aquaculture production.