Mindfulness and balanced time perspectivepredictive model of psychological well-being and gender differences in college students

  1. Andrea Fuentes 1
  2. Cristián Oyanadel 1
  3. Philip Zimbardo 2
  4. Melissa González Loyola 1
  5. Lening A. Olivera Figueroa 3
  6. Wenceslao Peñate 4
  1. 1 Universidad de Concepción

    Universidad de Concepción

    Concepción, Chile

    ROR https://ror.org/0460jpj73

  2. 2 Stanford University

    Stanford University

    Stanford, Estados Unidos

    ROR https://ror.org/00f54p054

  3. 3 Yale University

    Yale University

    New Haven, Estados Unidos

    ROR https://ror.org/03v76x132

  4. 4 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01r9z8p25

EJIHPE: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education

ISSN: 2174-8144 2254-9625

Year of publication: 2022

Volume: 12

Issue: 3

Pages: 306-318

Type: Article

DOI: 10.3390/EJIHPE12030022 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDialnet editor

More publications in: EJIHPE: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education


Background: The aims of the study were to establish an adjustment model to analyze the relationship among mindfulness, balanced time perspective (BTP) and psychological well-being (PWB) in college students and to explore gender differences among the variables. Method: The sample consisted of 380 college students, 220 women and 160 men, uniformly distributed according to the university’s faculties. Results: The results indicate that the synergy between mindfulness and BTP predicts the variance of PWB by 55%. Regarding gender differences, it was found that women have a greater tendency towards Past Positive than men and men a higher tendency towards Present Hedonistic than women. In addition, in the group of women, a stronger relationship was found among the variables and, consequently, a greater predictive value for PWB (58%), displaying an enhanced disposition to high PWB compared to men. Conclusions: Together, mindfulness and BTP promote optimal psychological functioning and alleviate or reduce discomfort. Thus, their promotion and training in universities is especially important given the high prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in college students.

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