First Job Experiences of RNs: Negative Perceptions and Work Environment (Tenerife, Canary Islands)

  1. Cristo Manuel Marrero González 1
  2. Alfonso Miguel García Hernández 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España


EC Nursing and Healthcare


Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 3

Issue: 2

Pages: 108-119

Type: Article

Author's full text: lock_openOpen access editor


Aims and Objectives: Present evidence of the experiences experienced by nurses graduated in Tenerife after joining the world of work and rotating for different services or units of work.Background: The transition from student to professional is a complex phenomenon for a novice nurse as she begins to work and adapts to her new role within the work context. There is no information collected and analyzed about the experiences experienced by nurses graduated during their first contacts with the world of work, despite how transcendent their work in the health world is. Experiences are generally negative and are accepted by nurses as consubstantiating to their work “initiation process”.Design: A qualitative approach with a phenomenological methodology was used.Methods: The Survey of First Job Experiences of RNs was made over 13 RNs graduated in Tenerife (University of La Laguna) from 2009 to 2014, being in their first job in a number of sanitary institutions in Tenerife (España).The nurses graduated between 2009 and 2014 from the University of La Laguna are taken as a study reference, with a sample of No.13, who have started working in different health institutions in Tenerife (Spain). A semi-structured interview is conducted for data collection.Results: The findings deal with the general There were six general themes: (1) service rotation; (2) hard adaptation to the environment; (3) Small versus large hospital; (4) Private hospital in front of the public; (5) Hospitalization unit compared to special service and (6) half hospital- primary care.Conclusion: Nurses at the start of work have no job or professional stability, there is an excessive turnover of services and specialties. Nurses say workplaces, support received and working conditions are critical to facilitating adaptation to work environments. Relevance to Clinical Practice: This research shows that deep reflection is needed on the labour incorporation of new nurses and to be able to stabilize them both work and professionally.

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