The problem of stowaways on board merchant shipsExperience with ROPAX ships in Spanish ports

  1. José Agustín González Almeida 1
  2. Zuleyma González Lorenzo 1
  3. Maria del Cristo Adrián de Ganzo 1
  4. Alejandro Urbano Gómez Correa 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España


Journal of maritime research: JMR

ISSN: 1697-4840

Year of publication: 2022

Volume: 19

Issue: 1

Pages: 68-80

Type: Article

More publications in: Journal of maritime research: JMR


SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2022
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.107
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: History Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 1110/1572
  • Area: Ocean Engineering Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 96/106
  • Area: Cultural Studies Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 909/1199


  • Social Sciences: C
  • Human Sciences: C

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2022
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 0.0
  • Area: History Percentile: 7
  • Area: Cultural Studies Percentile: 6
  • Area: Ocean Engineering Percentile: 4


Throughout this work we will discuss many of the problems of the so-called stowaways, their definition,why they embark clandestinely on ships, what are their most common ways of accessing the ships, therisks they run when trying to do so, etc. On the one hand, we will also find the law on maritimenavigation which regulates the status of stowaways. On the other hand, we will explain what maritimesecurity is, how security levels are established and who decides what levels ports and their vessels areat, what means would be used to communicate these changes, etc. We will also talk about some ofthe ports with the highest number of stowaways, from personal experience, providing images to get anidea of what each port we are talking about is like and also adding a small personal contribution ofsome things that could have been changed or implemented during the time of the highest number ofstowaways in the ports