Morphotaxonomical and ecological study on circalitoral crypto-species of Paramuriceidae genera in the Northeast atlantic and Mediterranean

  1. Oscar Ocaña Vicente 1
  2. D. Correa Bethencourt 1
  3. A. Rosales Ruiz 1
  4. Rogelio Herrera 2
  5. A. Congil Ross 1
  6. Leopoldo Moro Abad 2
  7. Oscar Monterroso Hoyos 3
  8. M. García Díaz 1
  9. Alberto Miguel Brito Hernández 4
  1. 1 Fundación Museo del Mar de Ceuta, España
  2. 2 Servicio de Biodiversidad, Viceconsejería de Medio Ambiente del Gobiemo de Canarias
  3. 3 Centro de Investigaciones Medioambientales del Atlántico, La Laguna, Tenerife
  4. 4 Grupo de Investigación BIOECOMAC, Unidad Departamental de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad de La Laguna, Canarias, España
Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias: = Folia Canariensis Academiae Scientiarum

ISSN: 1130-4723

Year of publication: 2022

Issue Title: Biología

Volume: 34

Issue: 1

Pages: 129-182

Type: Article

More publications in: Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias: = Folia Canariensis Academiae Scientiarum


The crypto diversity in Anthozoa is a fact to be searched for and a neew challenge in marine research. There is still a high number of new species and taxa of Paramuriceidae to be described along the Atlantic-Mediterranean region (OCAÑA et al., in prep.). Unfortunately, there is a lack of clear conclusions on Paramuriceidae genetics that help to establish a robust taxonomy. Moreover, the genetic perspective has proved to be tricky in corals (OCAÑA & Brito, 2018). Paramuricea grayi inhabit circalittoral habitats (mesophotic environment) from 60 to 120 m deep; it has been exclusively recorded in Madeira and The Canaries. We described three new species of the genus Paramuricea: Paramuricea tingitana; Paramuricea baetica; Paramuricea cryptica and the new genus and specíes Nestormuricea gratiaplena. From the morpho-taxonomical point of view there are two lineages within circalittoral Paramuriceidae (see Fig. 30): lineage A of rather small thin cortical sclerites and lineage B with large thick cortical sclerites. The Rifien and North Betic corridors might have provided opportunities for adaptation and speciation in the cases of Paramuricea baetica and Paramuricea tingitana.