Efecto del embarazo y el parto en la musculatura perineal de mujeres con obesidadUn estudio de cohorte longitudinal

  1. Manuel Martín Pineda 1
  2. Felipe Santiago Fernández Méndez 2
  3. Juan de Dios Gutiérrez Henares 1
  4. Beatriz Rodríguez Villegas 1
  5. Nieves Luisa González González 1
  6. Erika Padrón Pérez 1
  1. 1 Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, España
  2. 2 Servicio de Formación, Investigación y Calidad de Enfermería, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Tenerife, España
Journal:
Enfermería clínica

ISSN: 1130-8621

Year of publication: 2023

Volume: 33

Issue: 6

Pages: 412-423

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1016/J.ENFCLI.2023.09.004 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR

More publications in: Enfermería clínica

Metrics

Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 0 (26-01-2024)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 0 (19-01-2024)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 0 (17-02-2024)

SCImago Journal Rank

(Indicator corresponding to the last year available on this portal, year 2022)
  • Year 2022
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.229
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: Nursing (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 105/161
  • Area: Fundamentals and Skills Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 11/16
  • Area: Research and Theory Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 11/16

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

(Indicator corresponding to the last year available on this portal, year 2022)
  • Year 2022
  • Journal Impact: 1.310
  • Field: ENFERMERÍA Quartile: C1 Rank in field: 1/43

CIRC

  • Social Sciences: C

Scopus CiteScore

(Indicator corresponding to the last year available on this portal, year 2022)
  • Year 2022
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 1.6
  • Area: Nursing (all) Percentile: 47
  • Area: Fundamentals and Skills Percentile: 36
  • Area: Research and Theory Percentile: 36

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

(Indicator corresponding to the last year available on this portal, year 2022)
  • Year 2022
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.31
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: NURSING Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 162/191

Dimensions

(Data updated as of 17-02-2024)
  • Total citations: 0
  • Recent citations (2 years): 0

Abstract

Objective Evaluating the changes of the perineal muscles in primigravid women with obesity (BMI≥30) and to compare the progress with primigravid women in normal BMI range. Methods A prospective longitudinal cohort study was carried out. The pregnant women were studied at three moments: at 12 weeks’ gestation, at 34 weeks’ gestation and at 12 weeks after delivery. During the ckeck-up, perinometric measurements were taken to determine basal tone (BT), maximum contractile force (FMax) and applied forced (AF). In addition, the Oxford test (MOS) was used. General statistical mixed models were used for the statistical study. Results Fifty nulliparous pregnant women (25 with BMI≥30 and 25 with BMI<25) were recruited at the beginning of the study and 39 completed the entire study. Basal tone (BT) was 4.62±0.24 Nw at the beginning of pregnancy and decreased to 4.18±0.26 Nw after delivery. Contractile capacity was 5.56±0.79 Nw at week 12 and increased to 6.34±1.24 Nw after delivery. When comparing the FCMax at week 12 in obese vs. normal weight pregnant women, values of 5.51±87 Nw vs. 5.61±0.71 Nw were observed (P=.941). Postpartum values were 6.72±1.17 Nw vs. 5.95±1.21 Nw (P=.024), higher in the obese population. Conclusions There is an increase in contractile strength (Fmax) at 12 weeks postpartum in order to counteract the significant decrease in basal tone (BT). The body has compensatory mechanisms that allow recovery after 3 months postpartum, with greater muscle strength in obese patients.

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