Desarrollo y diferenciación de la hipófisis en vertebrados

  1. Ricardo Reyes Rodríguez
Supervised by:
  1. Aixa Celina Rodríguez Bello

Defence university: Universidad de La Laguna

Year of defence: 2002

Department:
  1. Bioquímica, Microbiología, Biología Celular y Genética

Type: Thesis

Teseo: 89099 lock_openOpen access editor

Abstract

A detailed study was made in this doctoral thesis on the development and differentiation of the vertebrate pituitary gland, with the aim to Estbaliz a fate map in Rathke's pouch of the origin of different hormone producing cells present in the adult pituitary gland, that explain if the differences observed in the distribution pattern of different hormone producing cells in the adult is the consequence of differences in their development. For this reason, the study was made in two vertebrate groups, Mammals and Avian, that present notable differences in their hormone producing cell distribution patterns. The results allowed us to conclude that the origin of different hormone producing cells in Rathke's pouch determine their definitive distribution in the adult gland. At the same time, the relationship between proliferation and differentiation was studied, showing us that after differentiation, hormone producing cells continue proliferating with a low rate, contributing to the establishment of differentiated populations. Using immunochemical and in situ hybridization techniques, the expression of different molecules such as hypothalamic releasing factors, regulatory peptides, calcium binding proteins and transcription factors, was also studied in this work, allowing us to establish different relationships between some of these factors and specific aspects of the development and differentiation of the pituitary gland.