The time-course of processing of grammatical class and semantic attributes of wordsDissociation by means of ERP

  1. Carolina Yudes Gómez 1
  2. Alberto Domínguez Martínez 2
  3. Fernando Cuetos Vega 3
  4. Manuel de Vega Rodríguez 2
  1. 1 Universidad Internacional de La Rioja
    info

    Universidad Internacional de La Rioja

    Logroño, España

    GRID grid.13825.3d

  2. 2 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    GRID grid.10041.34

  3. 3 Universidad de Oviedo
    info

    Universidad de Oviedo

    Oviedo, España

    GRID grid.10863.3c

Journal:
Psicológica: Revista de metodología y psicología experimental

ISSN: 0211-2159

Year of publication: 2016

Volume: 37

Issue: 2

Pages: 105-126

Type: Article

Export: RIS

Abstract

This study explores the time-course of word processing by grammatical class (verbs vs. nouns) and meaning (action vs. non-action) by means of an ERP experiment. The morphology of Spanish words allows for a noun (e.g., bail-e [a dance]) or a verb (e.g., bail-ar [to dance]) to be formed by simply changing the suffix attached to the root. This facility results in a set of nouns and verbs that are nearly matched in meaning, because of their shared root. The results show that grammatical class of words is processed very early, around 200 ms after the word onset, with the effects remaining activated at left frontal regions until 800 ms. Later components show a focal LAN sensitive to the noun-verb distinction, and a broadly distributed N400-like waveform sensitive to meaning. The different components affected by grammar (P200 and LAN) and meaning (N400) and their topographical dissimilarity seem to indicate an independent neural processing of these two linguistic properties and support a lexical specification of grammatical class.

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