Efectos de un programa de formación sobre las actitudes y el clima de seguridad de una plataforma de aeropuerto

  1. María Rosa Isla Díaz
  2. Luis Fernando Díaz Vilela
  3. María Dolores Díaz Cabrera
Journal:
Revista de psicología del trabajo y de las organizaciones = Journal of work and organizational psychology

ISSN: 1576-5962

Year of publication: 1998

Volume: 14

Issue: 1

Pages: 99-112

Type: Article

Export: RIS

Metrics

Cited by

  • Dialnet Métricas Cited by: 1 (17-09-2021)

CIRC

  • Social Sciences: A

Abstract

Organizational Safety is a growing research area in psychosocial intervention in organizations.The socio-technical perspective represents a current orientation for the study of organizationalsafety management systems. A principal strategy for enhancing safety levels is the developmentand evaluation of training programs from a socio-technical perspective. Specifically, the goal of this paper is to introduce a training program developed to improve safety on airport ramps inseveral European countries. We also present the results obtained in Tenerife for two of the eva-luation criteria: safety attitudes and climate. We applied a 3 (enterprises) * 2 (experimental andcontrol) * 2 repeated measures (before and after) quasi-experimental design. Subjects were 131employees from three enterprises working on the Tenerife-South Airport ramp. Results show an improvement in safety attitudes for all the experimental groups after the program implementation. Nevertheless, climate measures did not show any significant change. These results show the adequacy of this program for attitude change. We also discuss the climate results in terms of the characteristic temporal stability of this variable

Bibliographic References

  • BROWN, R. y HOLMES, H. (1986). The Use of a Factor-Analytic Procedure for Assessing the validity of an Employee Safety Climate Model. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 18 (6): 455-470.
  • C A B R E R A, D.D.; I S L A, R. y D Í A Z V I L E L A, L. (1997). An evaluation of safety climate in ground handling activi- ties. International Aviation Safety Confe - rence, Rotterdam.
  • CABRERA, D.D. e ISLA, R. (en prensa). The role of safety climate in safety management systems. In A. Hale y M. Baram (eds.): Safety management and the challen ge of organizational change.
  • D E D O B B E L E E R, N. y B E L A N D, F. (1991). A Safety Climate Measure for Construction Sites. Journal of Safety Rese arch, 22: 97-103.
  • D O N A L D , I. y C A N T E R, D. (1992). Intentionality and fatality during the King`s Cross underground fire. European Journal of Social Psychology, 22: 203- 218.
  • DONALD, I. y CANTER, D. (1993). Psychological factors and the accident plateau. Health and Safety Information Bulletin, 215: 5-8.
  • D O N A L D, I. y C A N T E R, D. (1994). Employee attitudes and safety in the chemical industry. J. Loss Prev. Process Ind, 7 (3): 203-208.
  • G L E N D O N , I.y M C K E N N A, E. (1995). Human safety and risk management. London: Chapman & Hall.
  • G O L D S T E I N, I.L. (1983). The Pursuit of Internal and External Validity in the Evaluation of Training Programs. En K. Pearlman, F. Schmidt, y W.C. Hamner (Eds.): Contemporary Problems in Personnel. New York: Yohn Wiley & Sons.
  • G O L D S T E I N, I.L. (1986). Training in organizations: Needs Assesment, Develop ment, and Evaluation (2ª Edn). California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
  • G O L D S T E I N, I.L. (1991). Training in work organization. En M.D. Dunnette y L.M. Hough (Eds.): Handbook of Indus trial and Organizational Psychology, vol.2. California: Consulting Psychologists Press.
  • HAND, H.; RICHARDS, M.K. y S L OC U M , J.M. (1973). Organizational climate: measures, research and contingencies. Academy of Management Journal, 17 (2): 255-288.
  • I S L A, R. y C A B R E R A, D. D. (1997). Safety climate and attitude as evaluation measures of the organizational safety. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 29 (5).
  • J A C K O F S K Y, E.F. y S L O C U M, J.W. (1988). A longitudinal study of climates. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 9 : 319-334.
  • JAMES, L.R. (1982). Aggregation bias in estimates of perceptual agreement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67 (2): 219-229.
  • M A R C U S, A. (1988). Implementing Externally induced innovations: a comparison of Rulebound and autonomous Approaches. Academy of Management Journal, 31 (2): 235-256.
  • MCDONALD, N.; WHITE, G.; FULLER, R.; W A L S H, W. y R Y A N, F. (1993). Safety in airport ground handling. Seventh Aviation Psychology Symposium, C o l o mbus, OH.
  • M C D O N A L D, N. y F U L L E R, R. (1994). The Management of safety on the Airport Ramp. En J. Johnston, N. McDonald y R. Fuller (Eds.) Aviation Psychology in Prac tice. England: Avebury Thecnical.
  • M U R P H Y, D.J. (1981). Farm safety Attitudes and accident Involvement. A c c i d e n t Analysis and Prevention, 13 (4): 331-337.
  • N I S K A N N E N, T. (1994). Safety climate in the road administration. Safety Science, 17: 237-255.
  • OLIVER, A.; TOMAS, J.; ISLAS, E. y M E L I Á, J. (1992). El Cuestionario de Clima Organizacional hacia la Seguridad C3/15: Resultados exploratorios. P s i c o l ó g i c a , 13: 161-172.
  • P F E F F E R, J. (1992). Organizaciones y Teoría de las Organizaciones. M é x i c o : Fondo de Cultura Económica.
  • PIDGEON, N.F. y O’LEARY, M. (1994). Organizational safety culture: implications for aviation practice. En N. Johnston, N. McDonald y R. Fuller (eds): Aviation Psy chology in practice. England: Avebury Technical.
  • P O O L E, M.S. y M C P H E E, R.D. (1983). A structurational analysis of organizational climate. En L. Putman y M. Pacanowsky (Eds.): Comunication and organizations: An interpretative approach. Beverly Hills: Sage.
  • RASSMUSSEN, J. (1993). Learning from experience? How? Some research issues in industrial risk management. En B. Wilpert y T. Qvale (eds.): Reliability and safety in hazardous work systems. Hove: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
  • R E A S O N, J. (1993). Managing the management risk: New approaches to organizational safety. En B. Wilpert y T. Qvale (eds.): Reliability and safety in hazardous work sys t e m s. Hove: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
  • S H E E H Y, P.N. y C H A P M A N, A.J. (1987). Industrial accidents. En C.L. Cooper e I.T. Robertson (eds.): I n t e r n a t i o n a l Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology New York: Wiley.
  • SILVA VÁZQUEZ, M. (1992). El clima en las organizaciones. Barcelona: PPU.
  • Z O H A R, D. (1980). Safety Climate in Industrial Organizations: Theoretical and applied Implications. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65 (1): 96-102