Relevancia de las variables motivacionales y de percepción de control en el pensamiento creativo de mujeres y hombres de población general

  1. María Pilar Matud Aznar
  2. Juan Manuel Bethencourt Pérez
  3. Ignacio Ibáñez Fernández
  4. Marisela López Curbelo
  5. Carmen Rodríguez Wangüemert
  6. Joaquín Grande Baos
Journal:
Análisis y modificación de conducta

ISSN: 0211-7339

Year of publication: 2006

Volume: 32

Issue: 145

Pages: 643-660

Type: Article

Export: RIS
DOI: 10.33776/amc.v32i145.1714 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

Abstract

This study analyzes the relevance of motivational achievement and locus of control variables on creative thinking. The sample was comprised of 180 men and 260 women from the general population, between 18 and 65 years old (M = 28.68; SD = 10.38). All sample members were assessed with the figural and verbal forms of the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT) and with Pelechano's questionnaires on Motivation, Achievement Anxiety and Locus of Control. Although the percentage of variance explained was low, regression analyses showed that the most important variables in men's creative thinking, both figural and verbal, was the reaction of inhibition against stress; men with less reaction of inhibition against stress showed greater creative thought. In addition, positive motivation to action was associated with figural creativity, while work selfdemanding was associated with verbal creativity. In the women's group, those with higher scores on verbal creativity showed less work indifference and less separation between work and pri vate space. Among the women, figural creativity was associated with a perception of less external control over results of actions with depressive components and fear of novelty