La eficacia de la reexperimentación emocionalel papel del optimismo y la alexitimia

  1. Tasmania del Pino Sedeño 1
  2. Wenceslao Peñate Castro 1
  3. Ascensión Ángeles Fumero Hernández 1
  4. Juan Manuel Bethencourt Pérez 1
  5. Sonia Zambrano Hernández 2
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01r9z8p25

  2. 2 Universidad Católica de Colombia
    info

    Universidad Católica de Colombia

    Bogotá, Colombia

    ROR https://ror.org/01scwqh06

Revista:
EJIHPE: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education

ISSN: 2174-8144

Ano de publicación: 2016

Volume: 6

Número: 3

Páxinas: 193-205

Tipo: Artigo

DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v6i3.179 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openAcceso aberto editor

Resumo

The beneficial effects on the health of the re-experimentation of traumatic experiences are well-established. The effectiveness of using reexperimentation seems to be affected by certain conditions. Among personal variables that have been shown to influence the recovery of such experiences it has highlighted the optimism and alexithymia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects on mental health of an intervention based on re-experimentation. The sample consisted in a total of 60 participants, of which 40 carried out a process of emotional re-experimentation through three sessions of expressive writing. The rest formed the control group. All participants were evaluated before and after the emotional disclosure in positive and negative affect, anxiety, depression, intrusive thoughts and cognitive avoidance. Furthermore, the level of optimism and alexithymia were controlled. The results showed the effectiveness of expressive writing on the positive and negative affect and on depression. Among the covariables, only optimism affected significantly to effect emotional variables. The contextual and personal conditions that can be ameliorated the clinical use of emotional disclosure were discussed.

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