Car usage, CO2 emissions and fuel taxes in Europe

  1. Gustavo A. Marrero
  2. Jesús Rodríguez
  3. Rosa Marina González Marrero
Journal:
SERIEs : Journal of the Spanish Economic Association

ISSN: 1869-4195

Year of publication: 2020

Volume: 11

Issue: 2

Pages: 203-241

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1007/S13209-019-00210-3 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

Abstract

The number of diesel cars in Europe has grown significantly over the last three decades, a process usually known as dieselization, and they now account for nearly 40% of the cars on the road. We build on a dynamic general equilibrium model that makes a distinction between diesel motor and gasoline motor vehicles and calibrate it for main European countries. Firstly, we find that the dieselization can be explained by a change in consumer preferences paired with the productivity gains from the specialization of the European automotive industry. Secondly, the lenient tax policies in favor of diesel fuel help to explain the rebound effect in road traffic. Finally, from a normative standpoint, the model suggests that a tax discrimination based on the carbon content of each fuel (higher for diesel relative to gasoline) would actually be more effective in curbing CO2 emissions rather than a tax based on fuel efficiency. Based on the existing studies, we also document that other external costs of diesel are always higher than those of gasoline, and the Pigouvian tax rates should reflect this aspect. This recommendation is radically different to the existing fuel tax design in most European countries.