Car usage, CO2 emissions and fuel taxes in Europe

  1. Gustavo A. Marrero
  2. Jesús Rodríguez
  3. Rosa Marina González Marrero
SERIEs : Journal of the Spanish Economic Association

ISSN: 1869-4195

Year of publication: 2020

Volume: 11

Issue: 2

Pages: 203-241

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1007/S13209-019-00210-3 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: SERIEs : Journal of the Spanish Economic Association


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 9 (12-11-2023)
  • Dialnet Métricas Cited by: 1 (26-11-2023)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 8 (22-10-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 6 (27-02-2023)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Impact Factor: 1.088
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 0.912
  • Article influence score: 0.574
  • Best Quartile: Q4
  • Area: ECONOMICS Quartile: Q4 Rank in area: 291/376 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2020
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.574
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 72/458


  • Social Sciences: A

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2020
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 1.5
  • Area: Economics, Econometrics and Finance (all) Percentile: 62

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.42
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: ECONOMICS Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 331/557


(Data updated as of 27-02-2023)
  • Total citations: 6
  • Recent citations: 5
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 2.28


The number of diesel cars in Europe has grown significantly over the last three decades, a process usually known as dieselization, and they now account for nearly 40% of the cars on the road. We build on a dynamic general equilibrium model that makes a distinction between diesel motor and gasoline motor vehicles and calibrate it for main European countries. Firstly, we find that the dieselization can be explained by a change in consumer preferences paired with the productivity gains from the specialization of the European automotive industry. Secondly, the lenient tax policies in favor of diesel fuel help to explain the rebound effect in road traffic. Finally, from a normative standpoint, the model suggests that a tax discrimination based on the carbon content of each fuel (higher for diesel relative to gasoline) would actually be more effective in curbing CO2 emissions rather than a tax based on fuel efficiency. Based on the existing studies, we also document that other external costs of diesel are always higher than those of gasoline, and the Pigouvian tax rates should reflect this aspect. This recommendation is radically different to the existing fuel tax design in most European countries.

Funding information