Cuidados enfermeros orientados a mitigar la transmisión del coronavirus en casos positivosuna revisión narrativa

  1. Pedro Ruymán Brito-Brito 1
  2. Carlos Enrique Martínez-Alberto 1
  3. Leticia Cuéllar-Pompa 2
  1. 1 Gerencia de Atención Primaria de Tenerife, Servicio Canario de la Salud, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España
  2. 2 Departamento de Enfermería, Escuela de Enfermería de la Candelaria, Universidad de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España
Enfermería clínica

ISSN: 1130-8621

Year of publication: 2021

Issue Title: COVID-19: Recomendaciones y síntesis de evidencia ante una crisis sanitaria global

Volume: 31

Issue: 1

Pages: 68-72

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1016/J.ENFCLI.2020.05.008 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Enfermería clínica

Sustainable development goals


Objective This review aims to map scientific evidence in nursing care aimed at controlling coronavirus infections. Method A bibliographic search was conducted in the Medline, CINAHL, Scopus and WOS main databases, with no date limit and using the keywords «transmission», «infection», «contagious», «spreads», «coronavirinae», «coronavirus», «covid19», «sarscov2», «nurses» and «nursing». Initially, 154 studies were identified and, after selecting them according to eligibility criteria, 16 were included. Results Among the main recommendations according to the available evidence are air exchange in rooms as a measure to reduce the risk of infection among patients; reinforcement of measures in intensive care units; follow-up of positive case contacts; and adequate training of professionals. Discussion and conclusions The studies included in the review addressed infection prevention and control practices by analyzing risks associated with exposure and listing actions to avoid complications in critically ill patients. Patterns of case transmission, contacts and associated factors were identified. Professional knowledge and attitudes were also studied, showing the importance of good infection control training, and of sufficient equipment and adequate infrastructure. Nurses are important vectors of spread. Although there is little evidence available on the effectiveness of care to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2, published studies on the prevention and control of previous outbreaks of coronavirus are of considerable value.

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