La influencia de la figura y el contenido semántico en tareas sologísticas

  1. Orlando Espino Morales
  2. Carlos Santamaría Rodríguez
  3. Juan Antonio García Madruga
Journal:
Cognitiva

ISSN: 0214-3550

Year of publication: 1999

Volume: 11

Issue: 2

Pages: 133-150

Type: Article

Export: RIS
DOI: 10.1174/021435500760373923 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR

Abstract

We present two experiments using syllogistic reasoning tasks in order to investigate the influence of semantic content (identity materials and inclusive materials) and the figure (figure 1 and figure 2) during the comprehension stage of the premises and the ineference stage. Experiment 1 shows, in an evaluation task in which we recorded the reading time, that the figure and the content affect the representation of the premises during the comprehension stage. Experiment 2 shows in a construction task, that both the figure and the content affect the inference stage. These results are explained in terms of the mental models theory (Johnson-Laird and Byrne, 1991).