La influencia de la figura y el contenido semántico en tareas sologísticas

  1. Orlando Espino Morales
  2. Carlos Santamaría Rodríguez
  3. Juan Antonio García Madruga

ISSN: 0214-3550

Year of publication: 1999

Volume: 11

Issue: 2

Pages: 133-150

Type: Article

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DOI: 10.1174/021435500760373923 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR


We present two experiments using syllogistic reasoning tasks in order to investigate the influence of semantic content (identity materials and inclusive materials) and the figure (figure 1 and figure 2) during the comprehension stage of the premises and the ineference stage. Experiment 1 shows, in an evaluation task in which we recorded the reading time, that the figure and the content affect the representation of the premises during the comprehension stage. Experiment 2 shows in a construction task, that both the figure and the content affect the inference stage. These results are explained in terms of the mental models theory (Johnson-Laird and Byrne, 1991).