La influencia de la figura y el contenido semántico en tareas sologísticas

  1. Espino Morales, Orlando
  2. Santamaría Rodríguez, Carlos
  3. García Madruga, Juan Antonio

ISSN: 0214-3550 1579-3702

Year of publication: 1999

Volume: 11

Issue: 2

Pages: 133-150

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1174/021435500760373923 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR

More publications in: Cognitiva


We present two experiments using syllogistic reasoning tasks in order to investigate the influence of semantic content (identity materials and inclusive materials) and the figure (figure 1 and figure 2) during the comprehension stage of the premises and the ineference stage. Experiment 1 shows, in an evaluation task in which we recorded the reading time, that the figure and the content affect the representation of the premises during the comprehension stage. Experiment 2 shows in a construction task, that both the figure and the content affect the inference stage. These results are explained in terms of the mental models theory (Johnson-Laird and Byrne, 1991).