A comparative study of language phenotypes in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Specifi c Language Impairment

  1. Gustavo Mario Ramírez Santana 1
  2. Víctor M. Acosta Rodríguez 1
  3. Sergio Hernández Expósito 1
  1. 1 Universidad de La Laguna
    info

    Universidad de La Laguna

    San Cristobal de La Laguna, España

    GRID grid.10041.34

Journal:
Psicothema

ISSN: 0214-9915

Year of publication: 2019

Volume: 31

Issue: 4

Pages: 437-442

Type: Article

Export: RIS

Metrics

Cited by

  • Dialnet Métricas Cited by: 2 (17-09-2021)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2019
  • Journal Impact Factor: 2.632
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 31/138 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2019
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.923
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: Psychology (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 64/263

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2019
  • Journal Impact: 2.348
  • Field: PSICOLOGÍA Quartile: C1 Rank in field: 7/112

CIRC

  • Social Sciences: A

CiteScore

  • Year 2019
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 3.5
  • Area: Psychology (all) Percentile: 77

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2019
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 1.04
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 45/135

Abstract

Background: Problems with communication and language are among the main characteristics of both Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Specific Language Impairment (SLI). The main objective of the present study was to analyze whether the two disorders have similar formal language profiles. Method: The study involved three groups of 20 students each, divided into ASD, SLI, and Control, of similar ages and IQ. The CELF-4 standardized test was administered to assess their language skills. Results: No significant differences in language were found between the SLI and ASD groups, with no effect sizes. Differences were observed between the SLI and ASD groups when they were compared separately with the Control group, with a large effect size. Conclusions: There is an overlap in the linguistic profiles of children with SLI and children with ASD. Similarity is thus confirmed in comprehensive and expressive language, as well as in morphosyntactic and lexical-semantic production

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